Hassan Bek Mosque

The Hassan Bek Mosque (Arabic: مسجد حسن بك‎), also known as the Hasan Bey Mosque, is one of the most well-known mosques of Jaffa, Israel.

Hassan Bek Mosque
Tel Aviv Mosque.jpg
Religion
AffiliationIslam
Location
LocationIsrael Jaffa, Israel
Hassan Bek Mosque is located in Israel
Hassan Bek Mosque
Shown within Israel
Geographic coordinates32°03′59.09″N 34°45′48.57″E / 32.0664139°N 34.7634917°E / 32.0664139; 34.7634917Coordinates: 32°03′59.09″N 34°45′48.57″E / 32.0664139°N 34.7634917°E / 32.0664139; 34.7634917
Architecture
TypeMosque
StyleOttoman style
Completed1916
Specifications
Dome(s)1
Minaret(s)1

The mosque was built in 1916 at the northern boundary of Arab Jaffa and its history is closely bound up with the various stages of the Arab-Jewish conflict.

Its Ottoman-style architecture contrasts with the surrounding contemporary modern high-rises. It is located between Neve Tzedek neighbourhood and the Mediterranean Sea, on the road to Jaffa.

History and ConstructionEdit

The mosque was built in 1916, by Jaffa's Ottoman governor of the same name. At the time, Jaffa and the recently founded Tel-Aviv were both competitively expanding. The mosque was part of Manshiyya, Jaffa's northernmost neighbourhood which spread northwards along the Mediterranean seashore.

The governor of Jaffa who had the mosque built is named as Hassan Bey or Bek, or Hassan Bey al-Basri al-Ghabi. Hassan Bey headed Jaffa between August 1914 and May 1916.

The mosque was built on a plot of land selected and bought by Hassan Bey from its Arab owner.

1948 warEdit

The mosque's minaret was often used by Arab snipers to shoot at Jewish forces in Tel Aviv and Manshiya, in the months preceding the British withdrawal.[citation needed]

1979Edit

The outcome was that the real estate deal was cancelled and the mosque returned to the hands of the Jaffa Muslim Community.[1]

Minaret collapse and reconstructionEdit

The authorities gave permission for the Jaffa Arabs to restore the minaret, using volunteer work and funds provided by the governments of Jordan and Saudi Arabia. This is considered by Jaffa Arabs an important milestone in their recovered self-awareness and assertiveness in defence of their communal rights.[citation needed]

The reconstructed minaret is twice as tall as the original one.

Up to the present, Jaffa Arabs maintain an ongoing presence in the renovated mosque, and prayers are held in it regularly, though it is a considerable distance from the neighbourhood where the Muslim community of Jaffa is living.

DescriptionEdit

The Ottoman-style mosque initially measured 21 by 28 metres, was well-proportioned and fit well into the Al-Manshiya neighbourhood.[2] It had a courtyard partially paved and in part used as a garden; the prayer hall was entered by a staircase on its northern side.[2] In 1923 the mosque was already the object of politically motivated renovations ordered by the Supreme Muslim Council,[2] and its overall area was substantially expanded in the 1980s.[3]

The mosque employs a white limestone instead of using the more common stone of the area, kurkar, a yellow-brown calcareous sandstone. The walls of the mosque are perforated with intricately decorated and colourfully glazed windows. The walls are also refined by narrow engaged piers that divide the wide façades into smaller sections.

The current minaret was rebuilt at twice its original height as part of the renovation in the 1980s; extremely tall and slender, it contrasts with the square prayer hall. A very low tower rises on the opposite side of the mosque. The concrete roof is flat and proportionally low, with a shallow dome over the central bay.[3]

 
Bird's-eye view of the mosque from southeast

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nimrod Luz, The Politics of Sacred Places. Palestinian Identity, collective memory, and resistance in the Hassan Bek mosque conflict, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 2008
  2. ^ a b c Marshall J. Breger, Yitzhak Reiter, Leonard Hammer (editors), Holy Places in the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Confrontation and Co-existence, chapter "The making of a landmark"[dead link]
  3. ^ a b Hasan Bek Mosque Archived 2005-02-18 at the Wayback Machine on Archnet digital library