Hassan Alavikia

Hassan Alavikia (Persian: حسن علوی‌کیا, [hæsæn ælævikiːɒː]; 1 December 1912 – 20 April 2013) was a general and businessman in the Pahlavi pre-revolutionary government of Iran. Along with Teymur Bakhtiar and Hassan Pakravan, he was a co-founder of the SAVAK.[1][2]

Hassan Alavikia
General Hassan Alavikia.jpg
Born(1910-12-01)1 December 1910
Hamedan, Iran
Died20 April 2013(2013-04-20) (aged 102)
La Jolla, California, U.S.
Service/branchImperial Iranian Army
Years of service1932–1967
RankLieutenant General
Alma materUniversity of Tehran
Harvard University
Spouse(s)Jila Pourrastegar (1956–2013, his death)

Early lifeEdit

Hassan Alavikia was born on 1 December 1910 in Hamedan, Iran, the son of Abu Torab Alavikia, a wealthy land owner. He completed his primary and secondary education at the Lycée St. Louis in Isfahan and Tehran. In 1932, he entered Tehran Military Academy, from which he graduated as a lieutenant in 1934. He continued his academic education at the University of Tehran and Harvard University, graduating with degrees in judicial law and philosophy.[3] He spoke fluent Persian, French, English, and German.

Political lifeEdit

He served in the Iranian Army as Deputy Director of the Intelligence Department of the Army (1949–1951). In 1956, he left the Second Division, and became the first Deputy Director of the SAVAK (1956–1962) with General Teymur Bakhtiar as its first Director.[2][4][5][6][7][8]

In 1962, he was appointed as head of the European Operations Division of the SAVAK (1962-1967) by the Shah,[9] which at the time was headquartered in Cologne, Germany. He retired from the military in 1967, and continued his professional career with the establishment of several successful businesses in both the agricultural and real estate industries.

Later yearsEdit

In January 1979, he and his wife left Iran to visit their daughters in Paris, France where they were studying; however, due to the turmoil and start of the Islamic revolution, they were unable to return to Iran. He spent the remainder of his life in exile in Paris, France, Gstaad, Switzerland, and Del Mar, California, where his three daughters and their families resided.[5]


On 6 December 1956, General Alavikia married Jila Pourrastegar, the daughter of Hossein Pourrastegar, a well-known Colonel in the Persian Cossack Brigade under Reza Shah Pahlavi. They had three children together.


He died on 20 April 2013 in La Jolla, California, surrounded by his wife, three children, and five grandchildren.


  1. ^ Nima, Ramy (1983). The Wrath of Allah: Islamic Revolution and Reaction in Iran. Pluto Press. p. 36. ISBN 0861047338.
  2. ^ a b Milani, Abbas (2008). Eminent Persians: The Men and Women Who Made Modern Iran, 1941-1979. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 978-0815609070.
  3. ^ Kayhan London "سرتیپ علوی کیا درگذشت", Kayhan London, London, 2–8 May 2013. Retrieved on 13 May 2013.
  4. ^ Ladjevardi, Habib (1988). Reference Guide to the Iranian Oral History Collection. Harvard University, Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Iranian Oral History Project. ISBN 0932885047.
  5. ^ a b Ladjevardi, Habib. "Hassan Alavi-Kia. Interview recorded by Habib Ladjevardi, 1 March 1983, Paris, France. Iranian Oral History Collection, Harvard University.", Harvard University, Paris, France, 1 March 1983.
  6. ^ Milani, Abbas (2011). The Shah. Macmillan. p. 122. ISBN 978-0230115620.
  7. ^ Afkhami, Gholam Reza (2008). The Life and Times of the Shah. University of California Press. pp. 381–382. ISBN 978-0520942165.
  8. ^ Blake, Kristen (2009). The U.S.-Soviet Confrontation in Iran, 1945–1962: A Case in the Annals of the Cold War. University Press of America. p. 107. ISBN 978-0761844952.
  9. ^ E'temad, Akbar (May 1983). "Alavi-Kiya, General Hasan". Foundation for Iranian Studies. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2013.