Hashem Sabbaghian (Persian: هاشم صباغيان; born 1937) is an Iranian politician, humanitarian, democracy activist and former parliament member. He was minister of interior in the interim government led by Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan in 1979. Later, he became member of parliament from 1980 to 1984.
|Member of Parliament of Iran|
28 May 1980 – 28 May 1984
|Constituency||Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat|
|Minister of Interior of Iran|
20 June 1979 – 6 November 1979
|Prime Minister||Mehdi Bazargan|
|Preceded by||Ahmad Seyed Javadi|
|Succeeded by||Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani|
|Deputy Prime Minister of Iran for Transitional Affairs|
13 February 1979 – 20 June 1979
|Prime Minister||Mehdi Bazargan|
|Born||1937 (age 81–82)|
|Political party||Freedom Movement|
Early life and educationEdit
Sabbaghian was born in 1937 in Tehran. His father, Taghi was a businessman. He completed his elementary education in Hafez School and secondary education in Marv High-School. He holds an engineering degree.
Sabbaghian started his political career in high school. He was one of the supporters of former Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh. He joined Anjoman-e Eslami in 1951 when party was created and following the 1953 coup against Mosaddegh, he became an opponent to Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's policies. He was elected to the board of directors of University of Tehran in 1967 and was vice chancellor of the university from 1970 to 1974. He was jailed four times before the Iranian Revolution.
Following the revolution in February 1979, he was appointed by Ruhollah Khomeini to reorganize the oil industry. On 12 June 1979, he was appointed as interior minister, replacing Ahmad Sayyed Javadi. During his tenure, he held the constitutional convention election. He was elected as a member of the parliament in the 1980 election from Tehran on the list of the Freedom Movement of Iran. He was the chairman of the parliament's urban and development commission. He resigned from cabinet post on 6 November 1980 along with Prime Minister Bazargan.
In the 1984 election, he ran for seat again, but withdrew his candidacy after two weeks due to political pressure from Islamic hardliners. His candidacy for the 1996 election was also rejected by the Council of Guardians.
Sabbaghian married in 1965 and has four daughters and one son. One of his daughters and his son are also members of the Freedom Movement of Iran .
- Houchang E. Chehabi (1990). Iranian Politics and Religious Modernism: The Liberation Movement of Iran Under the Shah and Khomeini. I.B.Tauris. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-85043-198-5. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- "Khomeini averts Iran crisis". The Morning Record and Journal. Tehran. UPI. 21 June 1979. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- Bahman Baktiari (1996). Parliamentary Politics in Revolutionary Iran: The Institutionalization of Factional Politics. Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida. p. 69. – via Questia (subscription required)
- "Human Rights and Parliamentary Elections in the Islamic Republic of Iran". Human Rights Watch. 8 (1). March 1996. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- Stacy Topouzova (2010). "State‐Facilitated Media Sources" (PDF). MIGS. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
- "Iran frees head of banned group: report". People's Daily. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
Ahmad Seyed Javadi
| Interior Minister of Iran
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
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