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Harry James Malony (August 24, 1889 – March 23, 1971) was an decorated American Major general, who commanded the 94th Infantry Division during World War II.[1]

Harry James Malony
Harry J. Malony.jpg
Harry J. Malony in a pre-WWII photo
BornAugust 24, 1889
Lakemont, New York
DiedMarch 23, 1971(1971-03-23) (aged 81)
Washington, D.C.
Buried
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Service/branchUnited States Army seal United States Army
Years of service1912 - 1949
RankUS-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Service number0-3385
Commands held94th Infantry Division (United States) 94th Infantry Division
Battles/warsPancho Villa Expedition
World War I
World War II
AwardsDistinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star
Bronze Star Medal

Contents

Early yearsEdit

Harry James Malony was born on August 24, 1889 in Lakemont, New York. Malony attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York and graduated on June 12, 1912. He was also commissioned a Second lieutenant in the Infantry on that date. Some of his West Point classmates later became general officers during World War II as he did, such as Wade H. Haislip, John Shirley Wood, Walton Walker, Raymond O. Barton, Walter M. Robertson, Gilbert R. Cook and Millard Harmon.[2]

He was then assigned to the 10th Infantry Regiment, which was stationed near the Mexican Border. With the outbreak of the World War I, Malony was assigned to the 12th Field Artillery Regiment, but after short time, he was ordered to France as part of the American Expeditionary Force, where he was appointed the Head of the Aircraft Armament Section at Air Service Headquarters. For his leadership of this unit, Malony was awarded with his first Army Distinguished Service Medal and also the Order of the Black Star in the Grade of Officer by the Government of France.[3]

Interwar periodEdit

In the interwar period, Malony served in the various Artillery assignments, including service at Madison Barracks, Fort Sill or Fort McPherson. At the last mentioned installation, Malony served for almost four years as a Staff officer within 4th Coast Artillery Regiment.

Malony also attended the Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In June 1931, Malony was appointed the professor of Military Science & Tactics at University of Oklahoma. In 1935, he attended the Army War College and subsequently became a Member of the Field Artillery Board.[4]

In 1937, Malony was transferred back to the Army War College, where he was appointed an instructor. He subsequently served a brief period attached to the War Plans Division at War Department General Staff.

In September 1940, Malony was assigned to the Greenslade-Denver's board, which solved the Selection of Naval Bases in British Trans-Atlantic possessions. He subsequently became a member of the President's Base Lease Commission, which negotiated acquisition of Atlantic Bases.[5] He was also promoted to the rank of Brigadier general on January 29, 1941.

World War IIEdit

He completed the tour in the United Kingdom during the negotiation of Atlantic Bases and was attached to the War Department in Washington, D.C. where he was appointed Assistant Chief of Staff for Operations (G-3). He headed the operations sections until the beginning of March 1942, when he was attached to the Munitions Assignment Board for a brief period. Malony was promoted to the rank of Major General in July 1942 and appointed commanding general of the newly activated 94th Infantry Division at Fort Custer, Michigan. He directed division's training until the beginning of August 1944, when he sailed for Europe.

Following a brief stay in England, the 94th landed on Utah Beach, France on D-Day + 94, 8 September 1944, and moved into Brittany to relieve the 6th Armored Division and assume responsibility for containing some 60,000 German troops besieged in their garrisons at the Channel ports of Lorient and Saint-Nazaire. The 94th inflicted over 2,700 casualties on the enemy and took 566 prisoners before being relieved by the 66th Infantry Division on New Year's Day 1945.

Malony subsequently led the 94th Division during the combats in the Ardennes in Belgium in early 1945. His participated in the combats on the Siegfried Line and secured the area from Orscholz and Saarburg to the confluence of the Saar and Moselle Rivers by 21 February 1945. Malony and 94th Division reached the Rhine on 21 March, where it fought in the Battle for Ludwigshafen. Ludwigshafen was taken on 24 March, in conjunction with Combat Command A of the 12th Armored Division.

By 3 April, Malony commanded his division during the assuming responsibility for containing the western side of the Ruhr Pocket from positions along the Rhine. With the reduction of the pocket in mid-April, the division was assigned military government duties, first in the Krefeld and later in the Düsseldorf areas. From mid-June, the division served the military government in Czechoslovakia and Malony was transferred to the United Kingdom at the end of June 1945 for duty with Munitions Assignment Board.

For his service with 94th Infantry Division during European campaign, Malony was decorated with his second Army Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star and Bronze Star Medal. He also received Legion of Honor, rank Officer and Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with Palm by the Government of France and Belgian Croix de guerre 1940-1945 with Palm.

Postwar LifeEdit

In November 1945, Malony was assigned as a Representative on International Group to observe Greek elections and stayed in this capacity until May of the next year. He was subsequently appointed a Director of the Historical Division within Department of the Army and served in this capacity until March 31, 1949, when he finally retired from the Army. He was succeeded by Major General Orlando Ward.[6]

Major general Harry James Malony died on March 23, 1971 in Washington, D.C. at the age of 81 and is buried together with his wife Dorothy Fitch Thurman Malony (1893 - 1984) at Arlington National Cemetery, Virginia.[7]

DecorationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Newly activated unit
Commanding General of the 94th Infantry Division
September, 1942 – June, 1945
Succeeded by
Louis J. Fortier

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biography of Major-General Harry James Malony (1889 - 1971), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  2. ^ "United States Military Academy, Class of 1912" (PDF). digital-library.usma.edu. 2010-07-04. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-17. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  3. ^ "Valor awards for Harry J. Malony". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  4. ^ "Biography of Major-General Harry James Malony (1889 - 1971), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  5. ^ "Biography of Major-General Harry James Malony (1889 - 1971), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-10-22.
  6. ^ "Biography of Major-General Harry James Malony (1889 - 1971), USA". generals.dk. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  7. ^ "World War 2 Awards.com - MALONY, Harry J." en.ww2awards.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-09-23.
  8. ^ "Valor awards for Harry J. Malony". militarytimes.com. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2013-09-23.