Lieutenant General Harry Hammon Lyster VC, CB (24 December 1830 – 1 February 1922) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
|Born||24 December 1830|
Blackrock, Dublin, Ireland
|Died||1 February 1922 (aged 91)|
St James the Less Churchyard, Stubbing
British Indian Army
Second Anglo-Afghan War
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Despatches five times
|Relations||Hamilton Lyster Reed VC (nephew)|
War Office, 21st October, 1859.
THE Queen has been graciously pleased to signify Her intention to confer the decoration of the Victoria Cross on the undermentioned Officers and Private Soldier of Her Majesty's Indian Military Forces, whose claims to the same have been submitted for Her Majesty's approval, on account of Acts of Bravery performed by them in India, as recorded against their several names ; viz. :
72nd Bengal Native Infantry, Lieutenant Harry Hammon Lyster
Date of Act of Bravery, 23rd May, 1858
For gallantly charging and breaking, singly, a skirmishing square of the retreating Rebel
Army from Calpee, and killing two or three Sepoys, in the conflict. Major-General Sir Hugh Henry Rose, G.C.B., reports that this Act of Bravery was witnessed by himself and by Lieutenant Colonel Gall, C.B., of the 14th Light Dragoons.
Other despatches from Hugh Henry Rose describes how on 31 January 1858 at Barodia, when Lyster had been acting as Rose's interpreter, Lyster was wounded when fighting a nephew of Mahomed Fazil Khan, receiving a "deep sword cut on [the] inner part of [his] right forearm." He killed Khan's nephew during the fight.
In 1847-48 he served as a special constable in London during the Chartist riots. He took a commission in the British East India Company's army on 20 September 1848 and was promoted major on 19 January 1864, brevet lieutenant colonel on 26 March 1870, and brevet colonel on 25 November 1877. He was Mentioned in Despatches while in command of 3rd Goorkha Regiment at the Battle of Ahmed Khel during the Second Anglo-Afghan War, and appointed Companion of the Order of the Bath on 22 February 1881. He was promoted lieutenant general on 1 September 1891, and retired from the army on 1 July 1892.
His VC is on display in the Lord Ashcroft Gallery at the Imperial War Museum, London.
He married twice: to Caroline Matilda Davis in 1865; and, following her death in 1895, to Ada Emily Cole in 1901. He died in London on 1 February 1922.
He was the son of Anthony Lyster (1797-1880) of Stillorgan Park, County Dublin, and Marcia, the sixth daughter of James Tate of Ballintaggart House, Colbinstown, County Kildare. Marcia Tate's mother Maria Stratford was a daughter of John Stratford, 3rd Earl of Aldborough. See also: Lister (surname).
- "No. 22318". The London Gazette. 21 October 1859. p. 3792.
- "No. 22138". The London Gazette. 11 May 1858. p. 2343.
- "No. 22330". The London Gazette. 29 November 1859. p. 4475.
- "No. 22809". The London Gazette. 19 January 1864. p. 263.
- "No. 23636". The London Gazette. 22 July 1870. pp. 3479–3480.
- "No. 25026". The London Gazette. 14 October 1881. p. 5087.
- "No. 24869". The London Gazette. 30 July 1880. p. 4200.
- "No. 24944". The London Gazette. 1 March 1881. p. 975.
- "No. 26203". The London Gazette. 22 September 1891. p. 4990.
- "No. 26308". The London Gazette. 19 July 1892. p. 4128.
Listed in order of publication year
- Denny, Revd HLL. A History of the Family of Lister or Lyster. Ballantyne Hanson & Co., Edinburgh (1913)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (1981, 1988 and 1997)
- Clarke, Brian D. H. (1986). "A register of awards to Irish-born officers and men". The Irish Sword. XVI (64): 185–287.
- Ireland's VCs ISBN 1-899243-00-3 (Dept of Economic Development, 1995)
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- Irish Winners of the Victoria Cross (Richard Doherty & David Truesdale, 2000)