Open main menu

Harrimanella is a genus of flowering plant in the heath family Ericaceae, with a single species, Harrimanella hypnoides, also known as moss bell heather. It was originally named Cassiope hypnoides by Linnaeus (1737) in his Flora Lapponica, but Harrimanella hypnoides is now the accepted name at ITIS. The species name hypnoides means 'like Hypnum ', which is a genus mosses.

Harrimanella hypnoides upernavik kujalleq 2007-07-24 2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Subfamily: Harrimanelloideae
Kron & Judd
Genus: Harrimanella
H. hypnoides
Binomial name
Harrimanella hypnoides
(L.) Coville
  • Cassiope hypnoides L.
  • Andromeda hypnoides L.

The plant is a cold hardy dicot perennial found growing on rock crevices in the Canadian arctic, Quebec, the Northeastern United States, Greenland, Iceland, the mountains of Norway, Sweden and Finland, Svalbard and arctic Russia, including the Ural mountains.[1]

Harrimanella hypnoides produces moss-like cushions, about 5 cm high, often of prostrate stems with ascending shoot tips. The leaves are scale-like, looking like those of a moss. The flowers are conspicuous, white and bell shaped with five fused petals and five sepals. They are borne singly on short reddish pedicels. The fruit is an erect capsule.

It is currently listed as a threatened species.[where?]


  1. ^ Anderberg, Arne. "Cassiope hypnoides (L.) D. Don". Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Harrimanella hypnoides at Wikimedia Commons