Harrachov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈɦaraxof]; German: Harrachsdorf) is a town in Jablonec nad Nisou District in the Liberec Region of the Czech Republic, close to the border with Poland. It has about 1,300 inhabitants. It is known for its ski resort.
|District||Jablonec nad Nisou|
|• Mayor||Tomáš Vašíček|
|• Total||36.64 km2 (14.15 sq mi)|
|Elevation||665 m (2,182 ft)|
|• Density||36/km2 (92/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
The town is made up of four town parts and villages: Harrachov, Mýtiny, Nový Svět and Ryžoviště.
Harrachov is located about 18 km (11 mi) east of Jablonec nad Nisou, on the border with Poland. It lies in the Giant Mountains. The highest point is the mountain Luboch at 1,296 m (4,252 ft) above sea level. Part of the municipal territory belongs to Krkonoše National Park.
The Mumlava River flows through the town. Its confluence with the Jizera is situated on the municipal border. On the Mumlava there is the Mumlava Waterfall, the biggest and one of the most famous waterfalls in the Czech Republic. It has a flow rate of 800 L/s and a height of 8.9 m (29 ft).
Harrachov was established in the 17th century, after a glassworks was founded in the area of Ryžoviště, and originally was called just Dörf (German for "little village"). During the rule of Count Ferdinand Bonaventura of Harrach (1701–1706), the settlement was renamed Harrachsdorf in his honor. The first written mention of Harrachov is from 1720. After a glassworks was founded also in the area of Nový Svět in 1711, the importance of Harrachov grew. The settlements of Nový Svět and Ryžoviště were founded around the glassworks in the mid-18th century.
Since the end of the 19th century, Harrachov has been known for its glass production, textile industry, and mining. At the beginning of the 20th century, industrial production was bolstered by the construction of a cog railway line between Bohemian Tanvald via the Izera railway down to Silesian Hirschberg (present-day Jelenia Góra).
After World War II, the Silesian lands in the north fell to the Polish People's Republic according to the Potsdam Agreement and the border was closed. The German population was expelled and its property seized according to the Beneš decrees.
In 1958, the Communist governments of Czechoslovakia and Poland arranged a territorial exchange. Since the railway station located here was unusable for Poland after the interruption of cross-border traffic (the line to Jelenia Góra returned to Czechoslovak territory in a short section) and the local small settlements were almost inaccessible from the Polish side, the territories was exchanged. Czechoslovakia acquired the area around former Strickerhäuser (Polish: Tkacze, present-day Mýtiny). Poland was compensated by land in western Giant Mountains. In this way Harrachov acquired a railway station.
In 1921, the originally independent municipalities of Nový Svět and Rýžoviště joined Harrachov. In 1961, Mýtiny joined Harrachov.
The European route E65 from Prague goes through the town. Koleje Dolnośląskie D21 line runs from Liberec to Szklarska Poręba via Harrachov-Mýtiny. There are three borders crossings with Poland: a railway crossing Harrachov / Jakuszyce, a road border crossing Harrachov / Jakuszyce, and a pedestrian border crossing Harrachov / Polana Jakuszycka.
Harrachov is one of the most popular Czech ski resorts including the internationally used Čerťák ski jumping hill (including flying hill); several winter sport events take place in Harrachov regularly. The whole region is increasingly important for alpine tourism in Central Europe.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Frenštát pod Radhoštěm, Czech Republic
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2022". Czech Statistical Office. 2022-04-29.
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- "Územní plán Harrachov" (in Czech). Město Harrachov. pp. 119–120. Retrieved 2022-11-07.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 352, 386, 494.
- "Obecně o novém zákonu č. 51/2020 Sb". mvcr.cz (in Czech). Ministry of the interior of the Czech Republic. Retrieved 2021-05-22.
- "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky - 1869–2011: Okres Semily". Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 1–2.
- "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
- "O městě" (in Czech). Město Harrachov. Retrieved 2022-11-07.