Harold Lyman Ryan

Harold Lyman Ryan (June 17, 1923 – April 10, 1995) was an attorney and United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Idaho.

Harold Lyman Ryan
Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Idaho
In office
December 30, 1992 – April 10, 1995
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Idaho
In office
1988–1992
Preceded byMarion Callister
Succeeded byEdward Lodge
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Idaho
In office
December 17, 1981 – December 30, 1992
Appointed byRonald Reagan
Preceded byRaymond McNichols
Succeeded byB. Lynn Winmill
Personal details
Born
Harold Lyman Ryan

(1923-06-17)June 17, 1923
Weiser, Idaho
DiedApril 10, 1995(1995-04-10) (aged 71)
Boise, Idaho
Resting placeMorris Hill Cemetery
Boise, Idaho
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Ann (Dagres) Ryan (b.1926, m.1961)
Children3 sons
EducationUniversity of Idaho
College of Law (LL.B., 1950)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/serviceU.S. Navy
Years of service1943–1946
RankUS-O1 insignia.svg Ensign
UnitUSS Merrick.
Battles/warsWorld War II
(Pacific Theater)

EducationEdit

Born and raised in Weiser, Idaho, Ryan graduated from Weiser High School in 1941,[1] and attended the University of Idaho in Moscow from 1941 to 1943,[2] then enlisted in the U.S. Navy.[3]

He attended the University of Washington in Seattle under the V-12 Navy College Training Program, completed midshipmen's school at the University of Notre Dame in South Bend, Indiana, and graduated with a commission as an ensign in 1944. Ryan served the remainder of World War II in the Pacific Theater aboard the USS Merrick.

Ryan returned to the University of Idaho in 1946,[4] and entered its College of Law, graduating in January 1950 with a Bachelor of Laws.

Early careerEdit

Ryan was admitted to the Idaho State Bar in 1950, and returned to Weiser to practice law with his father, Frank D. Ryan. He served as a deputy prosecutor of Washington County from 1951 to 1952, and was elected to the Idaho state senate in 1962 and served from 1963 to 1966.

While in the state senate, Ryan took a particular interest in modernizing the Idaho judiciary and served as Chairman of the Joint Commission of the Idaho Legislature which instituted sweeping reform by reorganizing and modernizing the state judicial system, creating a court administration, and forming the Idaho Judicial Council. He also served as president of the Idaho state bar from 1967 to 1969.

Federal judicial serviceEdit

After serving as campaign director for Senator Jim McClure in 1978, McClure recommended Ryan to President Ronald Reagan in July 1981 to fill a seat on the U.S. District Court vacated by Judge Raymond McNichols.[5][6] He was nominated by President Reagan on December 7, confirmed by the Senate on December 16, and received commission on December 17, 1981.

Ryan served as Chief Judge from 1988 to 1992, then assumed senior status on December 30, 1992, and continued until his death from cancer on April 10, 1995.[1][7][8] He is buried at Morris Hill Cemetery in Boise.

Notable casesEdit

  • In the spring of 1982, recaptured fugitive spy Christopher Boyce was sentenced by Ryan to three years for his escape and to 25 years for bank robbery, conspiracy, and breaking federal gun laws.[9][10][11]
  • In the mid-1980s, Ryan ruled in favor of inmate Walter "Bud" Balla and others that conditions in the state prison violated their constitutional rights. He imposed a cap on inmate population which necessitated the construction of a new maximum security facility.[12]
  • In early 1991, Ryan issued the bench warrant for Randy Weaver, which led to the Ruby Ridge standoff in August 1992.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "U.S. District Judge Ryan dies at 71". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. April 11, 1995. p. 6A.
  2. ^ "Sophomores". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1943. p. 75.
  3. ^ "Ryan, Harold Lyman, 1923-1995. - Social Networks and Archival Context". snaccooperative.org.
  4. ^ "Seniors". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1947. p. 64.
  5. ^ "New judge nominated". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). UPI. July 20, 1981. p. 7.
  6. ^ "Weiser attorney tapped for judgeship". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. July 21, 1981. p. 6.
  7. ^ "Judge Ryan plans to partially retire". Moscow-Pullman Daily News. (Idaho-Washington). Associated Press. December 12, 1992. p. 4A.
  8. ^ "Judge Harold Ryan succumbs to cancer". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. April 11, 1995. p. B1.
  9. ^ "Boyce enters guilty plea to 10 counts". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. April 3, 1982. p. 1B.
  10. ^ "Boyce faces sentence". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. April 30, 1982. p. 5B.
  11. ^ "Boyce sentenced to 25 years". Lewiston Morning Tribune. (Idaho). Associated Press. May 1, 1982. p. 3B.
  12. ^ Balla v. Idaho State Board of Corrections Opinion PMID 11648545
  13. ^ US DOJ OPR Ruby Ridge Task Force Report, June 10, 1994, IV. Specific Issues Investigated, B. The Failure of Weaver to Appear for TriaL, 2. Statement of Facts, c. February 20, 1991 - The Rescheduled Trial Date. "On February 20, Howen and defense counsel Hofmeister appeared before U.S. District Court Judge Harold L. Ryan. At that time, Hofmeister told the court that he had been unable to contact Weaver."

External linksEdit

Legal offices
Preceded by
Raymond Clyne McNichols
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Idaho
1981–1992
Succeeded by
B. Lynn Winmill
Preceded by
Marion Jones Callister
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Idaho
1988–1992
Succeeded by
Edward Lodge