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Admiral Sir Harold Martin Burrough GCB KBE DSO (4 July 1889 – 22 October 1977) was a senior Royal Navy officer and Assistant Chief of Naval Staff to the Royal Navy during World War II.

Sir Harold Burrough
Vice Admiral Sir Harold Martin Burrough A20779.jpg
Born4 July 1889
Died22 October 1977
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service1903 - 1949
RankAdmiral
Commands heldHMS London
Nore Command
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order

Contents

Early careerEdit

Born the tenth son of Rev. Charles Burrough and his wife Georgina Long, Burrough began his career as a naval cadet in 1903 after being educated at St Edward's School, Oxford. He first saw action during World War I as a gunnery officer aboard HMS Southampton,[1] later taking part in the Battle of Jutland in 1916.[1] In 1930 he was given command of HMS London.[1] He was made Commander of the 5th Destroyer Flotilla in 1935 and of HMS Excellent in 1937.[1] He was made Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff in 1939.[1]

World War IIEdit

In September 1940 he was appointed Rear-Admiral Commanding 10th Cruiser Squadron. During World War II he was awarded the DSO after a successful raid on the Norwegian islands of Vågsøy and Måløy on 27 December 1941[2] in which nine enemy ships were sunk by the Navy and Royal Air Force and the garrisons were wiped out by the military forces. Burrough would serve on the Naval Staff for two years until 1942. In July of that year he was given command of the close escort force for Operation Pedestal, and subsequently placed in command of Allied naval forces in the assault on Algiers during Operation Torch, as well as directing the Northwest Africa landings.

After becoming Flag Officer Commanding Gibraltar and Mediterranean Approaches in September 1943,[3] Burrough succeeded Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay as Allied Naval Commander-in-Chief, Expeditionary Force (ANXF),[1] following Ramsay’s death after an aircraft accident in January 1945. Planning the Allied naval strategy and operations, working closely with U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower during the final years of the war, Burrough was one of the signatories to the German Surrender Documents on 7 May 1945 at Rheims, France.

He remained as naval commander occupying post-war Germany,[1] where among his duties he authorised the formation of the German Mine Sweeping Administration. He then became Commander-in-Chief, The Nore in 1946.[1] He retired in 1949,[1] being created Knight Grand Cross of the order of the Bath (GCB) that year.[4] He died on 22 October 1977 from pneumonia at the Moorhouse Nursing Home, Hindhead, Surrey.

FamilyEdit

Burrough married in 1914, Nellie Wills, daughter of C.W Outhit of Halifax, Nova Scotia, and had two sons and three daughters. His wife died in 1972.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ Obituary The Times 25 October 1977, issue 60143
  3. ^ Whitby, Michael (2006). Commanding Canadians: The Second World War Diaries of A.F.C. Layard. UBC Press. p. 362. ISBN 978-0774811941.
  4. ^ "No. 38493". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 January 1949. p. 2.

Further readingEdit

  • Parrish, Thomas and S. L. A. Marshall, ed. The Simon and Schuster Encyclopedia of World War II, New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978.

External linksEdit