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Harbord Village is a neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. It lies just to the west of the University of Toronto, with its most commonly accepted borders being Bloor Street on the north, Spadina Avenue on the east, College Street to the south, and Bathurst Street to the west. Areas west of Bathurst, as far as Ossington are also sometimes included, though they are not covered by the residents' association. The area was previously known as Sussex-Ulster, after two of the major east west streets in the area. In 2000 the residents' association decided to rename itself and the area Harbord Village, after the main street running through the middle of the community. The street's name origin is unclear but could be named for abolitionist Edward Harbord, 3rd Baron Suffield.
View of College Street at the southeastern boundary of Harbord Village
|• MP||Adam Vaughan (Trinity—Spadina)|
|• MPP||Han Dong (Trinity—Spadina)|
|• Councillor||Joe Cressy (Ward 20 Trinity—Spadina)|
The area is also sometimes referred to as the South Annex after the better known "Annex" community to the north. The city of Toronto for administrative purposes places Harbord Village and most of the St. George campus into a region it calls "University."
The area was built up in the late nineteenth century as a working class and lower middle class community, not as prosperous as the mansions of the Annex to the north, but also not a poor and immigrant-heavy neighbourhood like Kensington Market just to the south. In the 20th century it became an immigrant reception area linked to Spadina Avenue and Kensington Market. The neighbourhood was predominantly Jewish from the 1920s until the 1960s and was home to community institutions such as the Brunswick Avenue Talmud Torah. First Narayever Congregation has been located on Brunswick Avenue since 1940.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the area became heavily populated by students and other people linked to the university, as well as to an influx of Portuguese and Chinese immigrants. Parts of the area were designated under the city′s slum clearance program. In 1968 this began as the block along Robert Street, south of Bloor, was demolished to make way for highrise towers, similar to those of St. James Town. The local residents organized to block this move, founding the Sussex-Ulster Residents' Association. They were successful, smaller towers were built on part of the land and the rest was given to the University of Toronto which uses it as a sports field.
For most of the 20th Century, the area was a working class, immigrant community where many of the homes were divided into multiple units. Signs of gentrification were evident by the mid-1960s with the expansion of the nearby University of Toronto; middle-class academics and other professional people who renovated the neighbourhood's Victorian housing stock coexisted with the working class, immigrant community. Gentrification accelerated in the 1980s, with many of the homes renovated and returned to single-family occupancy. Today, Harbord Village is largely a professional community and home to many professors from the University of Toronto.
In 2005, the Harbord Village Heritage Conservation District was established in the area of Lower Brunswick Avenue (below Ulster St.) as well as Willcocks Street west of Spadina. In 2009, it was expanded to include Robert Street and Sussex Avenue. The Harbord Village Residents' Association hopes the entire area will become a heritage conservation district.
Lippincott Street runs north-south through Harbord Village, and is an example of the architectural style which used to typify the area. It was originally part of lot 17 purchased in 1815 by George Taylor Denison for the building of his new home "Belle Vue." Street likely named for Richard Lippincott (Loyalist) who settled in then York. The residential street runs through present day Kensington Market, College Street and Bloor Street. It includes a selection of Toronto architecture, including Victorian worker's cottages, Toronto bay-and-gable and more modern bungalows.
Census tracts 0059.00 and 0060.00 of the Canada 2011 Census cover Harbord Village. According to the Statistics Canada 2011, the neighbourhood has 3794 residents, showing a constant decrease in the population. There are various ethnicity based immigrants present in the area, consisting mostly from Europe and East Asia. Out of the selected visible minority, there are 450 Chinese (11.86%), 55 Japanese (1.45%) and 30 Korean (0.79%). Average income is $44,082. The ten most common native languages, after English, are:
- Portuguese - 6.35%
- Spanish - 5.40%
- Cantonese - 4.72%
- Italian - 4.55%
- Mandarin - 4.20%
- German - 2.83%
- Hebrew - 2.49%
- Korean - 2.32%
- Unspecified Chinese - 2.14%
- Vietnamese - 1.29%
Harbord Village is a very diverse community. The total population in 2006 of census tract 5350059.00 was 3794. According to the 2006 census, of this population, 90 immigrants were from the United Kingdom, 300 immigrants were from the People's Republic of China, 50 immigrants were from the United States of America, and 20 immigrants that were from the Republic of South Africa. Additionally, the total population in 2011 of census tract 5350059.00 was 3955. According to the 2011 NHS (with reference to GNR: 41.3%), 3955 of this population, there were 55 immigrants that were from the United Kingdom, 220 immigrants that were from China, 105 immigrants that were from the United States, and 0 immigrants that were from the Republic of South Africa.
The Black population increased by 275%, going from 20 to 75 people from 2006 to 2011 respectively. The Latin American population increased by 66.67%, going from 15 to 25 people from 2006 to 2011, while the South Asian population went from 120 to 180 people which is an increase of 50%. The population of those with Chinese origin went from 555 to 450 people, a decrease of 18.92%.
Additionally, 40.8% of the population was 34 years old and younger in 2011, an increase from 28% in the 2006 Census (Statistics Canada, 2006 Census). Amongst those under 34, the age range of 30 to 34 experienced the greatest percentage increase of 65.22% between 2006 and 2011, in comparison to the age range of 25 to 29 which experienced a 65.22% decrease.
(Source: Census 2011, Census 2006, 2011 NHS.)
According to the 2011 NHS, the average income of Tract 0059.00 of residents who are 15-year old and over rose from $36,796 in 2006 to $45,792 in 2011 which is a higher rise than in Ontario or the whole of Canada. The average income of Ontario rose from $38,099 in 2006 to $42,264, and from $35,498 in 2006 to $40,650 in 2011 for the whole of Canada. This sharper rise is largely due to the fact that the segment earning $60,000 and more has virtually doubled between 2006 and 2011 which more than overcame the rise in individuals in the lowest income bracket of $5,000.
Income distribution in this tract is:
% Split by Income Level 2011 2006
Without Income--------- 1.4% 1.6%
Under $5,000--------- 14.7% 12.3%
$5,000 to $9,999--------- 5.5% 11.6%
$10,000 to $14,999------10.4% 13.9%
$15,000 to $19,999------ 9.8% 7.5%
$20,000 to $29,999------ 9.4% 15.2%
$30,000 to $39,999------ 7.7% 8.5%
$40,000 to $49,999------ 6.5% 7.4%
$50,000 to $59,999------ 4.5% 4.4%
$60,000 and over--------30.1% 17.6%
(Source: Census 2011, Census 2006, 2011 NHS.)
- "Bellevue". lostrivers.ca. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
- "NHS Profile, 0059.00, Ontario, 2011". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- "NHS Profile, 0060.00, Ontario, 2011". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 9 March 2015.
- Statistics Canada, 2011 NHS
- Statistics Canada, 2006 Census
- Statistics Canada, 2011 Census
- Statistics Canada, 2011 and 2006 Census
- East/West - History of Sussex-Ulster Residents’ Association
- Lundell, Liz (1997). The Estates of Old Toronto. Boston Mills Press.