Hantsavichy (Belarusian: Ганцавічы, [ˈɣant͡savʲitʂɨ]), (Russian: Ганцевичи, [ˈɡantsəvʲɪtɕɪ], Polish: Hancewicze, Lithuanian: Gancevičai) is a city in the Brest Region of Belarus. It is the administrative center of the Hantsavichy District.
|Time zone||UTC+3 (FET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (FET)|
|Area code(s)||+375 1646|
According to Belarusian toponymist Vadzim Žučkievič name "Hantsavichy" comes from surname Hantsavich.
Before World War II, 60% of the population was Jewish. In the 1920s and 1930s there were four synagogues, a Jewish library, an orphanage, a Tarbut school and school in Yiddish. Under Polish administration, in 1939, the town was retaken by the Soviets and annexed to the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic. The German army arrived on June 29, 1941. German occupation of Hantsavichy lasted until 7 July 1944.
From June 30 to July 1, 1941, a pogrom occurred in which 16 Jews were murdered. On August 15, 1941, 350 Jewish men were executed in the forest 11km away from Hantsavichy. 600 Jews were shot in the town's market place. During another action 1,000 Jewish men were taken to the forest 1km away and shot dead. A concentration work camp was established in November 1941. Besides the local Jews, there were 230 Lenin Jews and 120 native to Pogost. Small executions of 70-150 Jews took place constantly. During one of those executions, 100 Jewish refugees from Warsaw, along with two local families, Fish and Zeiger, were executed and buried in the Peski ravine. On August 14, 1942, more than 300 Jews fled the camp and others were shot. In all, during the occupation, 3,500 Jews were murdered by the Nazis in the district of Hantsavichy, including 1,500 women and 850 children.
There are 3 schools, 1 gymnasium, agricultural lyceum and a special boarding school in Hancavičy.
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