Hans Olof Hildebrand Hildebrand (5 April 1842 in Stockholm – 2 February 1913) was a Swedish archeologist. Born in Stockholm, he was the son of Bror Emil Hildebrand and Anna Mathilda Ekecrantz. He was the brother of Emil Hildebrand, and in 1867 married Elin Maria Charlotta Martin. 
Hildebrand, along with his father and his colleague Oscar Montelius, is considered one of the fathers of Swedish archaeology. He worked both in archaeology and numismatics, mainly of the High and Late Middle Ages. He is internationally known as one of the pioneers of the archaeological technique of typology.
Between 1895 and his death, Hildebrand was Director-General of the Swedish Academy. From 1879-1907 he was also Secretary to the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities and Custodian of the National Heritage, riksantikvarie. Whilst at the Academy of Letters he contributed to the foundation of the journal Fornvännen. He was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences from 1891. He gave the Rhind Lectures in 1896, on "Industrial arts of Scandinavia in pagan times".
- Hans Olof Hildebrand
- Hildebrand, Bengt (1971–1973). "Hans O H Hildebrand". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). 19. Stockholm: National Archives of Sweden. p. 43. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- "List of 133 Lecturers". The Rhind Lectures. Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
- Hildebrand, Hans (1883). The industrial arts of Scandinavia in the pagan time. London: Pub. for the Committee of Council on Education by Chapman & Hall.
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