Open main menu
Not to be confused with the Hans Christian Andersen Literature Award

The Hans Christian Andersen Awards are two literary awards by the International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY), recognising one living author and one living illustrator for their "lasting contribution to children's literature".[1] The writing award was inaugurated in 1956, the illustration award in 1966. The former is sometimes called the "Nobel Prize for children's literature".

Hans Christian Andersen Award
A golden medallion with an embossed image featuring a bust of Andersen.
Awarded forOutstanding and lasting contribution to children's literature
Presented byInternational Board on Books for Young People
First awarded1956; 63 years ago (1956)

The awards are named after Hans Christian Andersen, the 19th-century Danish author of fairy tales, and each winner receives the Hans Christian Andersen Medaille, a gold medal with the bust of Andersen (see image). Medals are presented at the biennial IBBY Congress. The Patron of the Andersen Awards is Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II of Denmark and the awards are sponsored by Nami Island Inc.



National Sections of IBBY may nominate one author and one illustrator each and the Hans Christian Andersen Award Jury considers only those nominees. National Sections also nominate the ten distinguished, international Jury Members plus the Jury President. The shortlist of nominees is presented in January and the award winners are announced at the annual Bologna Children's Book Fair, in March or April.

The selection criteria include the aesthetic and literary qualities of writing and illustrating as well as the ability to see things from the child's point of view and the ability to stretch the child's curiosity and imagination. The complete works of the author and of the illustrator will be taken into consideration.


The 2018 winners are Eiko Kadono (Japan) for writing and Igor Oleynikov (Russia) for illustration.[2] The runners-up are:

Year Writing Illustration
Winner Country Winner Country
1956 Eleanor Farjeon   United Kingdom
1958 Astrid Lindgren   Sweden
1960 Erich Kästner   Germany
1962 Meindert DeJong   USA
1964 René Guillot   France
1966 Tove Jansson   Finland Alois Carigiet    Switzerland
1968 James Krüss   Germany Jiří Trnka   Czechoslovakia
José Maria Sanchez-Silva   Spain
1970 Gianni Rodari   Italy Maurice Sendak   USA
1972 Scott O'Dell   USA Ib Spang Olsen   Denmark
1974 Maria Gripe   Sweden Farshid Mesghali   Iran
1976 Cecil Bødker   Denmark Tatjana Mawrina   Soviet Union
1978 Paula Fox   USA Svend Otto S.   Denmark
1980 Bohumil Říha   Czechoslovakia Suekichi Akaba   Japan
1982 Lygia Bojunga Nunes   Brazil Zbigniew Rychlicki   Poland
1984 Christine Nöstlinger   Austria Mitsumasa Anno   Japan
1986 Patricia Wrightson   Australia Robert Ingpen   Australia
1988 Annie M. G. Schmidt   Netherlands Dusan Kállay   Czechoslovakia
1990 Tormod Haugen   Norway Lisbeth Zwerger   Austria
1992 Virginia Hamilton   USA Květa Pacovská   Czechoslovakia[a]
1994 Michio Mado   Japan Jörg Müller    Switzerland
1996 Uri Orlev   Israel Klaus Ensikat   Germany
1998 Katherine Paterson   USA Tomi Ungerer   France
2000 Ana Maria Machado   Brazil Anthony Browne   United Kingdom
2002 Aidan Chambers   United Kingdom Quentin Blake   United Kingdom
2004 Martin Waddell   Ireland Max Velthuijs   Netherlands
2006 Margaret Mahy   New Zealand Wolf Erlbruch   Germany
2008 Jürg Schubiger    Switzerland Roberto Innocenti   Italy
2010 David Almond   United Kingdom Jutta Bauer   Germany
2012 María Teresa Andruetto   Argentina Peter Sís   Czech Republic[b]
2014 Nahoko Uehashi   Japan Roger Mello   Brazil
2016 Cao Wenxuan   China Rotraut Susanne Berner   Germany
2018 Eiko Kadono   Japan Igor Oleynikov   Russia

Jury PresidentsEdit

Jella Lepman established the International Youth Library in Munich in 1949 and called the 1952 conference "International Understanding through Children's Books" that initiated IBBY. (Jella Lepman, German-language) She served as Jury President for the first three Andersen Awards, 1956 to 1960, and remained on the jury until her death in 1970, as the President of IBBY and then as its honorary president. Current four-year terms cover two award cycles.[4]

  • Jella Lepman 1956-60 (Switzerland)
  • José-Miguel de Azaola 1960-70 (Spain)
  • Virginia Haviland 1970-74 (USA)
  • Lucia Binder 1974-78 (Austria)
  • Dusan Roll 1978-82 (Czecho-Slovakia)
  • Patricia Crampton 1982-86 (UK)
  • Ana Maria Machado 1986-90 (Brazil)
  • Eva Glistrup 1990-94 (Denmark)
  • Peter Schneck 1994-98 (Austria)
  • Jay Heale 1998-2002 (South-Africa)
  • Jeffrey Garrett 2002-06 (USA)
  • Zohreh Ghaeni 2006-10 (Iran)
  • María Jesús Gil Iglesia 2010-14 (Spain)
  • Patricia Aldana 2014-2018 (Canada)

Machado subsequently won the Writing Award.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Pacovská received the award one year before Czechoslovakia dissolved into its constituent states.
  2. ^ Sis was nominated by the extant Czech Republic. He was born in the former Czechoslovakia and educated there in Applied Arts. He has been a U.S. citizen from 1982.


  1. ^ "Hans Christian Andersen Awards". International Board on Books for Young People (IBBY). Retrieved 2012-08-20.
  2. ^ "2018 HCAA Winners". International Board on Books for Young People. 26 March 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  3. ^ "HCAA 2018: IBBY official website". Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Hans Christian Award jury members". Glistrup, ed., pp. 119–24. Retrieved 2013-07-12.

External linksEdit