*Hans Brask (1464–1538) was a Swedish Bishop of Linköping.[1]

Hans Brask
Bishop of Linköping
Seal of Bishop Brask. Bears the inscription: S[IGILLVM] IOH[ANN]IS DEI GRA[CIA] EPI[SCOPI] LINCOPENSIS
ChurchRoman Catholic
DioceseDiocese of Linköping
In office1513–1527
PredecessorHemming Gadh
SuccessorJöns Månsson
Consecration7 August 1513
by Vincent Henningsson
Personal details
Ląd, Poland

Biography edit

Brask was born in Linköping in 1464 to a bourgeois family. He studied philosophy and law at German universities, e.g. Rostock,[2] and around 1500 he received a doctoral degree in civil and canon law from Rome. Upon his return to Sweden he first worked as canon and was later, in 1505, appointed cathedral dean in the cathedral of Linköping. He also became a member of the council of the realm (Privy Council of Sweden) and worked for a reconciliation with Denmark, with which Sweden has been at war for some years as part of the ongoing conflicts in the Kalmar Union. In 1513 he was appointed bishop in Linköping. Brask was opposed to Sten Sture's struggle with archbishop Gustav Trolle, but signed a document at the 1517 diet to remove the bishop. According to Olaus Petri's Swedish chronicles, Brask was forced to sign the document. Under his seal he is supposed to have put a note saying "Härtill är jag nödd och tvungen" - "To this I am forced and compelled". This legend is the origin of a word in modern Swedish: brasklapp ("brask note"), meaning a hidden reservation.[3][4] The word can have several other meanings, including explanation, excuse, warning, parenthesis, or question mark. It is unrelated to braska, which is onomatopoeic and roughly means to bang or to rustle.[4]

Brask supported the Danish king Christian II, but was not part of the events that led to the infamous massacre in Stockholm 1520. After Gustav Vasa's rebellion, he was forced to join the new king's side, but he would become an opponent of the king's politics. The events of 1527 diet in Västerås led to Brask fleeing the country to Poland.

Brask was an active man with many ideas. He was the first man to plan a canal between the two large Swedish lakes, Vänern and Vättern. He was running a printing house in Söderköping. The correspondence between Brask and others is an important source of history in a country where not much was written down.

Bishop Brask is believed to have died in Ląd (Swedish Landa) monastery (the Cistercian Trail, Poland) in 1538,[5] where his tombstone is seen to this day.

References edit

  1. ^ d'Aubigné, Jean Henri Merle (1880). History of the Reformation in Europe in the Time of Calvin. R. Carter & brothers. Bishop Brask of Linkoping was a priest endowed with immense energy. The outcries of the monks at Orebro were heard as far as Upsala; and in July, 1523, Brask received from the chapter of this metropolitan town a letter in which he was informed that the Lutheran heresy was boldly preached in the cathedral of Strengnaes by one Olaf Petri. It appears that this information was absolutely new to the vehement bishop. Completely devoted to the Roman Church, not even imagining that there could be any other, he was greatly agitated. He heard shortly after that emissaries of the Lutheran propaganda had made their appearance in his own diocese. He looked on this as the beginning of a great conflagration which would consume the whole Church.
  2. ^ Entry of Hans Brask in the Rostock Matrikelportal
  3. ^ "Brask". Nordisk familjebok (in Swedish). 1878. pp. 1062–1063 – via Project Runeberg.
  4. ^ a b "Braska och brasklapp" [Braska and brasklapp]. Swedish Institute for Language and Folklore (in Swedish). Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  5. ^ Hans Brask, https://sok.riksarkivet.se/sbl/artikel/16873, Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish) (art av L. Sjödin.), Retrieved 2020-02-06.

External links edit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by Bishop of Linköping
Succeeded by