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Hanover Region (German: Region Hannover) is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Heidekreis, Celle, Gifhorn, Peine, Hildesheim, Hamelin-Pyrmont, Schaumburg and Nienburg.

Hanover
Coat of arms of Hanover
Coat of arms
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
CapitalHannover
Area
 • Total2,290 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[1]
 • Total1,152,675
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationH
Websiteregion-hannover.de

The District of Hanover has a unique legal status among the districts of Lower Saxony. It includes the City of Hanover, the state capital, which has the same privileges as a city that is not part of a district. As a consequence, the District is much larger in population than any other district of the state. Its administrative body is the Regionsparlament ("regional parliament"), headed by the Regionspräsident or "region president" (Hauke Jagau (SPD) since 2006). The members of the Regionsparlament are elected once every five years and the Regionspräsident is elected once every eight years in local elections.

Contents

HistoryEdit

The City of Hanover was not part of the district until 2001, when the old Hanover District and the city (then known officially as Kreisfreie Stadt Hannover, which means "District Free city of Hanover") were merged in order to form the new Region Hannover district (not to be confused with the former Regierungsbezirk Hannover).

During World War II, Hanover was the Headquarters (Hauptquartier) of the Military District (Wehrkreis) XI, which was responsible for Braunschweig, Anhalt, and part of Hanover. It was also the Garrison Town for the 71. Infanterie Division.

GeographyEdit

The district surrounds the City of Hanover and includes the outskirts of its metropolitan area. The Leine river enters the district in the south, runs through Hanover and leaves to the north. In the northwest is the Steinhuder Meer, a lake with an area of 32 km², within the region known as the Hanoverian Moor Geest.

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms was granted on May 1, 2003. The cloverleaf is from the arms of the City of Hanover. The lion was the heraldic animal of the Welfen family, which ruled the region from the Middle Ages until 1866.

Towns and municipalitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Town Capital Area (km²) Population (2015) Location
Barsinghausen

 

Barsinghausen 102.65 km² 33,608

 

Burgdorf

 

Burgdorf 112.26 km² 30,147

 

Burgwedel

 

Burgwedel 151.96 km² 20,654

 

Garbsen

 

Garbsen 79.31 km² 60,590

 

Gehrden

 

Gehrden 42.97 km² 14,624

 

Hanover

 

Hanover 204.01 km² 532,163

 

Hemmingen

 

Hemmingen 31.65 km² 18,793

 

Laatzen

 

Laatzen 34.05 km² 40,939

 

Langenhagen

 

Langenhagen 71.99 km² 53,323

 

Lehrte

 

Lehrte 127 km² 43,639

 

Neustadt am Rübenberge

 

Neustadt am Rübenberge 357 km² 43,931

 

Pattensen

 

Pattensen 67 km² 14,324

 

Ronnenberg

 

Ronnenberg 37.78 km² 23,752

 

Seelze

 

Seelze 54 km² 33,283

 

Sehnde

 

Sehnde 103.44 km² 23,489

 

Springe

 

Springe 159.78 km² 28,682

 

Wunstorf

 

Wunstorf 126.60 km² 41,251

 

MunicipalitiesEdit

Municipalities Capital Area /km² Population (2015) Location
Isernhagen

 

Isernhagen 59.72 km² 23,792

 

Uetze

 

Uetze 140.56 km² 20,103

 

Wennigsen

 

Wennigsen 53.78 km² 14,036

 

Wedemark

 

Wedemark 173 km² 29,358

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit