Hannibal Muammar Gaddafi
Hannibal Muammar Gaddafi
|Alma mater||Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport|
Copenhagen Business School
|Spouse(s)||Aline Skaf (m. 2003)|
|Parent(s)||Muammar Gaddafi (father)|
Safia Farkash (mother)
Gaddafi was born in Tripoli, the Libyan Arab Republic. He started his maritime career by joining the Marine Academy of Maritime Studies/Libya in 1993 as a Deck Cadet. He graduated in 1999, as a watch keeping officer with a BSc degree in marine navigation.
Soon after he started his maritime career on board various types of GNMTC vessels on various ranks, he obtained successfully the combined chief officer and Master Mariner qualification from the Arab Maritime Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport in Alexandria in 2003.
Gaddafi was the first consultant to the Management Committee of the General National Maritime Transport Company (GNMTC) of Libya. He was appointed to this position in 2007, upon earning his MBA degree in Shipping Economics and Logistics from Copenhagen Business School.
Gaddafi is married to Aline Skaf, a Lebanese Christian former lingerie model, with whom he has three children. Another child, Carthage Hannibal (b. 2 August 2008), was killed in the bombing raid of the family compound on 30 April 2011.
In 2008, Swiss authorities arrested Gaddafi and his wife, Aline Skaf, on charges of "bodily harm, threatening behaviour and coercion," after an incident involving two of their staff at the Gaddafis' hotel in Geneva. The charges were later dropped, but relations between Libya and Switzerland soured. In 2009, two Swiss citizens, Max Goeldi and Rachid Hamdani, were detained in Libya; the Swiss government asserted that the detention was done as retaliation against them for Gaddafi's arrest.
Also in 2008, Gaddafi lost a lawsuit he brought in Denmark against the Danish newspaper, Ekstra Bladet. The newspaper reported that in 2005, Gaddafi, then a student in Copenhagen, had directed the abduction and beating of a Libyan national at the home of the Libyan consul in Gentofte. Gaddafi failed to appear in court to present his side of the case, and the court ruled that the existing evidence supported Ekstra Bladet's version of events.
In 2009, police were called to Claridge's Hotel in London in response to reports of a woman screaming. When they arrived, the suite was locked and three bodyguards were arrested for obstructing entry. Gaddafi's wife, Aline Skaf, was found in the room bleeding heavily and was taken by ambulance to hospital where she was treated for facial injuries.
2011 Libyan civil warEdit
On 29 August after the rebels entered Tripoli, Gaddafi and his wife fled from Libya to Algeria together with other members of the Gaddafi family. In October 2012 they left a hideaway in Algeria to go to Oman, where they were granted political asylum.
Shweyga Mullah, an Ethiopian nanny who cared for the couple's young daughter and son was found abandoned by the rebels in a room at one of the family's luxury seaside villas in western Tripoli. She claimed that Aline Skaf took her to a bathroom, tied her up, taped her mouth and started pouring the boiling water on her head after she lost her temper when Mullah refused to beat her daughter who was crying. Then Mullah was denied sleep, food and water for three days. Another member of staff, who did not want to give his name, verified Mullah's story and said that he also had been regularly beaten and slashed with knives.
After Civil WarEdit
On 11 December 2015, Hannibal was kidnapped and briefly held in Lebanon by an armed group demanding information about disappearance of Shiite Imam Musa al-Sadr but later was released in the city of Baalbek. An arrest warrant was issued against him by the Lebanese government over the disappearance of al-Sadr and he was arrested. A request by the Syrian government to return Gaddafi on the grounds that he was a "political refugee" was denied by the Lebanese government as he is a wanted man in Lebanon for withholding information regarding the disappearance of al-Sadr. In August 2016, al-Sadr's family filed a lawsuit against Gaddafi over his role in the disappearance of the Imam. As of January 2019, he is still in custody in Lebanon.
- "INTERPOL issues global alert following threat identified in UN sanctions resolution targeting Libya's Colonel Al-Qadhafi and others" (PDF). Interpol. 4 March 2011. p. 3. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- "General National Maritime Transport Company". Archived from the original on 2012-12-18. Retrieved 2010-07-20.
- "Copenhagen Business School 2007". Archived from the original on 2012-07-21.
- "Like Father Like Sons? Gaddafi's Fascinating Family". Al Bawaba. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- Kim Sengupta (16 September 2011). "Pythons, parties and offshore accounts: Life among Libya's elite". The Independent. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
- "Gaddafi son arrested for assault". BBC World News. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- Thomasson, Emma (6 March 2011). "Swiss want probe into Libya detention of citizens". Reuters. Retrieved 6 March 2011.
- Bluhme, Kate (25 June 2008). "Gadaffi-søn tabte sag til Ekstra Bladet" [Gadaffi son lost the case for Ekstra Bladet]. Ekstra Bladet (in Danish). Retrieved 3 April 2011.
- "Gadaffi Junior tabte til Ekstra Bladet" [Gadaffi Junior lost to Ekstra Bladet]. Business Times (in Danish). 25 June 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
Hannibal Gadaffi, mødte aldrig op i landsretten for at tale sin sag, og derfor har dommerne støttet sig til forklaringer fra Ekstra Bladet og fra politiets rapporter i den opsigtvækkende affære. I januar 2005 fik Københavns Politi en anmeldelse om, at en libysk borger var blevet bortført fra en lejlighed på Nordre Fasanvej og ført til den libyske konsuls hjem i Gentofte. Manden havde ringet på sin mobil og fortalt, at han var bundet i kælderen og havde fået "smadret" arme og ben. Da politiet efterforskede sagen nærmere, gik det op for dem, at det tilsyneladende var Hannibal Gadaffi, der nu studerede på handelshøjskolen i København, som stod bag afstraffelsen." In English: "Hannibal Gaddafi never appeared in court to present his case and therefore the court has relied on explanations from Ekstra Bladet and police reports in the current case. In January 2005 Copenhagen Police received a report that a Libyan citizen was abducted from his apartment at Nordre Fasanvej and taken to the Libyan consul's home in Gentofte. The man had called by his mobile phone and told that he was tied in the cellar and had got his arms and legs "damaged". When the police investigated the case more closely the realized that apparently it was Hannibal Gadaffi, who then studied at the Copenhagen School of Business, that directed the punishment.
- Laing, Aislinn; Irvine, Chris (31 December 2009). "Col Gadaffi's son in hotel room row which sees wife injured and bodyguards arrested". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 September 2011.
- "Aid Sought for Alleged Gadhafi Torture Victim". Voice of America. 2 September 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "Muammar Gaddafi's family take refuge in Oman". The Telegraph. 25 March 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Smiling nanny recovering from Gadhafi family's burns". CNN. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
- "Gaddafi's son Hannibal freed after kidnap in Lebanon". BBC News. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- "Hannibal Gaddafi: Lebanon officials issue arrest warrant for son of former Libyan dictator". IBTimes. 14 December 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
- "Lebanon rejects Syria request to hand over Gaddafi son". The Times of Israel. 16 December 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2016.
- "Imam Musa Sadr's Family Files Lawsuit against Gaddafi Son". Ahlul Bayt News Agency. 30 August 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- As rival states jostle for power in Libya, the fate of one Gaddafi son hangs delicately in the balance, Kim Sengupta, The Independent, January 31, 2019