Ḫannaḫanna

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Ḫannaḫanna (from Hittite ḫanna- "grandmother"[1]) was a Hittite mother goddess.[2]

MythsEdit

Ḫannaḫanna appears in a number of Hittite myths, and tends to help in solving the problems faced by other gods in them.[3] Most of them are myths dealing with the disappearance of deities, a common theme in Hittite myths.

The myths of TelepinuEdit

After Telepinu disappeared, his father, the Storm-god Tarhunna, complained to Ḫannaḫanna. She then sent him out to search for his son, and when he gave up, she dispatched a bee, charging it to find Telepinu. The bee did that, and then purified and strengthened him by stinging his hands and feet and wiping his eyes and feet with wax.[4][5]

In another myth about Telepinu's disappearance she recommended to Tarhunt that he should pay Aruna the bride price for the Sea-god's daughter, so she can wed Telipinu.[6]

Myth of the disappearance of InaraEdit

In yet another myth the Inara went missing and when Ḫannaḫanna was informed of this by the Storm-god's bee, she apparently began a search with the help of her female attendant.[7]

Myth of the disappearance of ḪannaḫannaEdit

In a fragmentary myth Ḫannaḫanna herself disappears for a while in a fit of anger. While she is gone, cattle and sheep are suffocated, and mothers, both human and animal pay no attention to their children. After her anger is banished to the Dark Earth, she returns rejoicing, and mothers care once again for their kin. Another means of banishing her anger was through burning brushwood and allowing the vapor to enter her body.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ H. Otten, Ḫannaḫanna [in] Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archäologie vol 4, 1975, p. 108
  2. ^ P. Taracha, Religions of Second Millennium Anatolia, 2009, p. 125
  3. ^ H. Otten, Ḫannaḫanna [in] Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archäologie vol 4, 1975, p. 108
  4. ^ Sherman, Josepha (2008). Storytelling: An Encyclopedia of Mythology and Folklore. Sharpe Reference. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-7656-8047-1
  5. ^ H. A. Hoffner, Hittite myths (2nd ed.), 1998, p. 16-20
  6. ^ H. A. Hoffner, Hittite myths (2nd ed.), 1998, p. 27
  7. ^ H. A. Hoffner, Hittite myths (2nd ed.), 1998, p. 30-32
  8. ^ H. A. Hoffner, Hittite myths (2nd ed.), 1998, p. 29-30