This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (November 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Hand geometry is a biometric that identifies users from the shape of their hands. Hand geometry readers measure a user's hand along many dimensions and compare those measurements to measurements stored in a file.
Viable hand geometry devices have been manufactured since the early 1980s, making hand geometry the first biometric to find widespread computerized use. It remains popular; common applications include access control and time-and-attendance operations.
Since hand geometry is not thought to be as unique as fingerprints, palm veins or irises, fingerprinting, and iris recognition remain the preferred technology for high-security applications. Hand geometry is very reliable when combined with other forms of identification, such as identification cards or personal identification numbers. In large populations, hand geometry is not suitable for so-called one-to-many applications, in which a user is identified from his biometric without any other identification.
Hand-recognition payment, also named pay-by-hand is a payment method that uses the scanning of one's hand. It is an alternative payment system to using credit cards. The technology uses biometric identification by scanning the client's hand and reading various features like the position of veins and bones and it was tested by Amazon since 2019.
- "Hand Geometry" (PDF). National Science and Technology Council (US). 7 August 2006. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- Miroslav Bača; Petra Grd; Tomislav Fotak (2012). "4: Basic Principles and Trends in Hand Geometry and Hand Shape Biometrics" (PDF). New Trends and Developments in Biometrics. InTech. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- Mayhew, Stephen (2012-06-22). "Explainer: Hand Geometry Recognition". Biometric Update. Retrieved 2020-12-07.
- "82 P. VARCHOL, D. LEVICKÝ, USING OF HAND GEOMETRY IN BIOMETRIC SECURITY SYSTEMS Using of Hand Geometry in Biometric Security Systems" (PDF). CiteSeerX 10.1.1.502.6303. Cite journal requires
- Varchol, P.; Levicky, D.; Juhar, J. (2008). "Multimodal biometric authentication using speech and hand geometry fusion". 2008 15th International Conference on Systems, Signals and Image Processing. pp. 57–60. doi:10.1109/IWSSIP.2008.4604366. ISBN 978-80-227-2856-0.