Hancock Lee Jackson

Hancock Lee Jackson (May 12, 1796 – March 19, 1876) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 13th Governor of Missouri in 1857.

Hancock Lee Jackson
Hancock Lee Jackson.jpg
13th Governor of Missouri
In office
February 27, 1857 – October 22, 1857
Preceded byTrusten Polk
Succeeded byRobert Marcellus Stewart
10th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri
In office
January 5, 1857 – February 27, 1857
GovernorTrusten Polk
Preceded byWilson Brown
Succeeded byVacant
In office
October 22, 1857 – January 3, 1861
GovernorRobert Marcellus Stewart
Preceded byVacant
Succeeded byThomas Caute Reynolds
Member of the Missouri Senate
In office
Personal details
Born(1796-05-12)May 12, 1796
Madison County, Kentucky
DiedMarch 19, 1876(1876-03-19) (aged 79)
Salem, Oregon
Resting placeSalem Pioneer Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Ursula Oldham (m. 1821)
ProfessionFarmer, politician


Jackson was born in Madison County, Kentucky on May 12, 1796. He was educated in the county schools and became a farmer. He moved to Missouri in 1821, and continued to farm. In 1829 he entered politics as a Democrat when he became sheriff of Randolph County, a position he held for two terms. He also served as a delegate to the 1845 Missouri Constitutional Convention,

During the Mexican–American War, he raised a company of volunteers and was elected commander with the rank of captain. As part of Sterling Price's 2nd Regiment, Missouri Volunteer Cavalry, he served primarily in New Mexico, and fought in campaigns in Taos, including the Taos Revolt.

Jackson served in the Missouri State Senate from 1851 to 1855, and was Lieutenant Governor from 1857 to 1861. In February 1857 Governor Trusten Polk resigned to accept election to the United States Senate, and Jackson acted as Governor pending the selection of a new Governor in a special election. Robert Marcellus Stewart won the October contest to complete Polk's term, and Jackson resumed his duties as Lieutenant Governor.

In 1860 he ran unsuccessfully for Governor, losing to Claiborne Fox Jackson. Jackson was then appointed United States Marshal for the Western District of Missouri, a post he held until Republican nominee Abraham Lincoln won the presidency in 1860 and replaced federal appointees with members of his own party after being inaugurated in 1861.

Jackson moved to Oregon in 1865, where he continued to farm. He died in Salem on March 19, 1876, and was buried in Salem Pioneer Cemetery.


Party political offices
Preceded by
Southern Democratic nominee for Governor of Missouri
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Wilson Brown
Lieutenant Governor of Missouri
Succeeded by
Thomas Caute Reynolds
Preceded by
Trusten Polk
Governor of Missouri
February 27, 1857 – October 22, 1857
Succeeded by
Robert M. Stewart