Hanan Porat (Hebrew: חנן פורת) born 12 December 1943 - 4 October 2011) was an Israeli Orthodox rabbi, educator, and politician who served as a member of the Knesset for Tehiya, the National Religious Party, Tkuma, and the National Union between 1981 and 1984, and between 1988 and 1999.
|Date of birth||12 December 1943|
|Place of birth||Kfar Pines, Mandatory Palestine|
|Date of death||4 October 2011(aged 67)|
|Place of death||Kfar Etzion, West Bank|
|Knessets||10, 12, 13, 14, 15|
|Faction represented in Knesset|
|1988–1999||National Religious Party|
Hanan Spitzer (later Porat) was born in Kfar Pines during the Mandate era. In 1944, his family moved to Kfar Etzion. In early 1948, during the Arab riots of 1948, Kfar Etzion was besieged, and the children were evacuated to Jerusalem. Porat's father also moved there to arrange convoys. After the Kfar Etzion massacre, his family settled in Kfar Pines. Porat studied at the Bnei Akiva yeshiva high school, Yeshivat Kerem B'Yavneh, and the Mercaz HaRav talmudic college, and was ordained as a rabbi. He worked as a religious teacher at several yeshivas.
He served in the Paratroopers Brigade of the Israel Defense Forces during the Six-Day War, and was among the troops that captured the Temple Mount. He later said that the Israeli victory should have become a national holiday. After the Six-Day War, he helped re-establish the Gush Etzion settlement bloc in the West Bank. He convinced Prime Minister Levi Eshkol to grant permission to settle in Gush Etzion. He was badly wounded in the Yom Kippur War of 1973 on the bank of the Suez canal. He recovered, and was amongst the founders of the Gush Emunim movement, which founded over 100 Israeli settlements. In 1975, he led the founding of Elon Moreh, the first Israeli settlement in the West Bank, in Sebastia.
Porat died on 4 October 2011, aged 67, of cancer. He was survived by his wife, 10 children, and 20 grandchildren.
In the 1981 elections, he was voted into the Knesset on the Tehiya list. He resigned on 7 March 1984, towards the end of the Knesset term, and was replaced by Zvi Shiloah. After the evacuation of Yamit in 1982, he announced his intention to build new settlements in parts of the Land of Israel still not in Israeli hands. In 1995, he convinced Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin not to hand over Rachel's Tomb to the Palestinian Authority. He tried to repeat that in 2008. Prior to Israel's disengagement from Gaza, he instructed youngsters in Neve Dekalim in Gush Katif to disrupt evacuation forces.
In 1988, he returned to the Knesset, this time as a member of the National Religious Party. He was re-elected in 1992 and 1996. In 1996, he was appointed the NRP's parliamentary group chairman, but on 4 March 1999, he and Zvi Hendel left the party to establish a new faction, initially named Emunim, later renamed Tkuma.
Prior to the 1999 elections, Tkuma formed an alliance with other small right-wing parties, named the National Union. Porat was placed third on the Union's list, and was re-elected again. However, he resigned from the Knesset on 20 October that year, and was replaced by Hendel.
- Et Ahai Anohi Mevakesh (first published as Et Anat Anohi Mevakesh)
- Me'at Min Ha'or
- Recorded lectures on Arutz Meir (MeirTV) by Machon Meir
- Gorenberg (2007), pp. 19-20
- "Porat, Hanan". nfc (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- Keinon, Herb. "Happy (?) Jerusalem Day". Jerusalem Post. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03. Retrieved 2008-12-15. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Gorenberg (2007), pp. 112-113
- Gorenberg (2007), p. 316
- Lustick (1988), p. 107
- Shragai, Nadav (2008-08-12). "Mother of all campaigns". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-12-15.[permanent dead link]
- "Clashes, tears in Neve Dekalim". Ynetnews. 2005-08-17. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- Parties and Lists Archived 2001-04-18 at the Wayback Machine The Jerusalem Post
- Gorenberg, Gershom (2007-03-06). The Accidental Empire: Israel and the Birth of the Settlements, 1967–1977. Holt Paperbacks. p. 480. ISBN 0-8050-8241-7.
- Lustick, Ian (June 1988). For the Land and the Lord: Jewish Fundamentalism in Israel. Council on Foreign Relations Press. p. 256. ISBN 0-87609-036-6.