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Hamilton is a former New Zealand parliamentary electorate that existed from 1922 to 1969. The electorate covered the urban area of the city of Hamilton. In 1969, the city was part of two rural electorates, Hamilton East and Waikato. For the 1972 election, the nature of Hamilton East changed to urban, and the Hamilton West electorate complements it to form a second urban electorate.

Five members of parliament have served the Hamilton electorate over its 47 years of existence. Two of them died in office, and both deaths caused by-elections.

Population centresEdit

In the 1922 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained one electorate from the South Island due to faster population growth. The Bruce electorate was abolished, and the Hamilton electorate was created for the first time.[1] For the purposes of the country quota, the initial electorate was classed as two thirds urban and one third rural, and covered the city of Hamilton.[2]

Through an amendment in the Electoral Act in 1965, the number of electorates in the South Island was fixed at 25, an increase of one since the 1962 electoral redistribution.[3] It was accepted that through the more rapid population growth in the North Island, the number of its electorates would continue to increase, and to keep proportionality, three new electorates were allowed for in the 1967 electoral redistribution for the next election.[4] In the North Island, five electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished (including Hamilton).[5] In the South Island, three electorates were newly created and one electorate was reconstituted while three electorates were abolished.[6] The overall effect of the required changes was highly disruptive to existing electorates, with all but three electorates having their boundaries altered.[7] These changes came into effect with the 1969 election.[4]

HistoryEdit

The Hamilton electorate was first used in the 1922 election.[8] The electorate's first representative was Alexander Young of the Reform Party, who had since the 1911 election represented the Waikato electorate, but chose to stand in the new electorate in 1922 instead.[9] Young remained the representative until the 1935 election, when he was defeated by Labour's Charles Barrell.[10] Barrell in turn was defeated in the 1943 election by National's Frank Findlay, who died in office on 31 March 1945.[11]

Findlay's death caused the 1943 by-election, which was won by National's Hilda Ross.[12] Ross died in office on 6 March 1959, and this caused the 1959 by-election, which was won by National's Lance Adams-Schneider.[13] Adams-Schneider served until the end of the term in 1969, when the electorate was abolished.[14] He transferred to the Waikato electorate, which covered the area east of the Waikato River and that was recreated for the 1969 election.[14][15]

The 1967 electoral redistribution created a new electorate called Hamilton West electorate. Its eastern boundary was the Waikato River, but it incorporated much of the former Waipa electorate, extended to the Tasman Sea, and was thus more rural in nature.[16]

The 1972 electoral redistribution created the Hamilton East electorate and at the same time, the Hamilton West electorate lost its rural hinterland to Raglan. Hence, two urban electorates covered Hamilton for the 1972 election.[17]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Key

 Reform    Labour    National    Independent  

Election Winner
1922 election Alexander Young
1925 election
1928 election
1931 election
1935 election Charles Barrell
1938 election
1943 election Frank Findlay
1945 by-election Hilda Ross
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1959 by-election Lance Adams-Schneider
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
(Electorate abolished 1969; see Hamilton West)

Election resultsEdit

1966 electionEdit

1966 general election: Hamilton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Lance Adams-Schneider 7,368 48.66 -5.50
Labour Bob Reese 5,143 33.96
Social Credit Don Bethune 2,629 17.36 +11.50
Majority 2,225 14.69 -2.20
Turnout 15,140 85.29 -3.21
Registered electors 17,750

1963 electionEdit

1963 general election: Hamilton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Lance Adams-Schneider 8,468 54.16 -0.73
Labour J M Cairns 5,826 37.26
Social Credit Don Bethune 917 5.86 -1.59
Liberal N W Bunting 424 2.71
Majority 2,642 16.89 -0.35
Turnout 15,635 88.50 -0.39
Registered electors 17,666

1960 electionEdit

1960 general election: Hamilton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Lance Adams-Schneider 8,222 54.89 -3.00
Labour Sir Basil Arthur 5,639 37.64
Social Credit Don Bethune 1,117 7.45
Majority 2,583 17.24 -4.85
Turnout 14,978 88.89 +10.49
Registered electors 16,849

1959 by-electionEdit

1959 Hamilton by-election[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Lance Adams-Schneider 7,832 57.89
Labour Ben Waters 4,844 35.81 -7.35
Social Credit Frederick Charles Roberts 852 6.30
Majority 2,988 22.09
Informal votes 27 0.20
Turnout 13,555 78.40 -13.87
Registered electors 17,289
National hold Swing

1957 electionEdit

1957 general election: Hamilton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hilda Ross 7,721 50.41 +0.81
Labour Ben Waters 6,611 43.16 +1.79
Social Credit Robert Gill Young 983 6.41 -2.61
Majority 1,110 7.24 -0.98
Turnout 15,315 92.27 +0.75
Registered electors 16,598

1954 electionEdit

1954 general election: Hamilton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hilda Ross 8,621 49.60 -8.76
Labour Ben Waters 7,191 41.37 -0.26
Social Credit Robert Gill Young 1,568 9.02
Majority 1,430 8.22 -8.51
Turnout 17,380 91.52 +3.25
Registered electors 18,990

1951 electionEdit

1951 general election: Hamilton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hilda Ross 7,853 58.36 +2.52
Labour Ben Waters 5,601 41.63
Majority 2,252 16.73 +5.02
Turnout 13,454 88.27 -6.10
Registered electors 15,241

1949 electionEdit

1949 general election: Hamilton[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hilda Ross 7,652 55.85 +4.62
Labour John Granville 6,047 44.14 -4.62
Majority 1,605 11.71 +9.24
Turnout 13,699 94.37 +1.77
Registered electors 14,515

1946 electionEdit

1946 general election: Hamilton[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hilda Ross 6,778 51.23 +2.36
Labour John Granville 6,451 48.76
Majority 327 2.47 -5.33
Turnout 13,229 92.60 +23.41
Registered electors 14,285

1945 by-electionEdit

1945 Hamilton by-election[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Hilda Ross 6,772 48.87
Labour Charles Barrell 5,691 41.07 -4.13
Democratic Labour John A. Lee 1,229 8.87
Independent Douglas Seymour 163 1.17
Informal votes 58 0.41 -0.63
Majority 1,081 7.80
Turnout 13,855 69.19 -23.02
Registered electors 20,022

1943 electionEdit

1943 general election: Hamilton[23][24][ob 1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Frank Findlay 7,660 48.04
Labour Charles Barrell 7,206 45.20 -11.65
Democratic Labour Alfred E. Allen 885 5.55
Real Democracy William Henry Thompson 193 1.21
Majority 454 2.85
Informal votes 167 1.04 +0.40
Turnout 16,111 92.21 -1.10
Registered electors 17,473

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Registered electors refers to civilian voters only; nationwide, 93,295 servicemen also cast valid votes although their names did not appear on electoral rolls.[25]

1938 electionEdit

1938 general election: Hamilton[26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Barrell 7,722 56.85 +11.32
National Albert William Grant[28] 5,862 43.15
Majority 1,860 13.69 +2.25
Informal votes 88 0.64
Turnout 13,672 93.31
Registered electors 14,653

1935 electionEdit

1935 general election: Hamilton[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Barrell 5,534 45.53
Reform Alexander Young 4,141 34.07 -31.10
Democrat Harold David Caro[30] 2,479 20.39
Majority 1,391 11.44
Turnout 12,152

1931 electionEdit

1931 general election: Hamilton[31][32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alexander Young 5,874 65.17 +20.36
Labour Hubert Beebe 2,579 28.61
Independent Charles Lafferty 561 6.22
Majority 3,295 36.55 +25.94
Informal votes 94 1.03 -0.22
Turnout 9,108 74.58 -9.13
Registered electors 12,213

1928 electionEdit

1928 general election: Hamilton[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Alexander Young 4,529 44.81
Liberal–Labour Samuel Charles Lye 3,456 34.19
Labour Bill Schramm 2,123 21.00
Majority 1,073 10.62
Informal votes 128 1.25
Turnout 10,236 83.71
Registered electors 12,228

NotesEdit

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 75–80.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 82–106.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 111, 112.
  4. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 111.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 107, 111.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 108, 112.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 111f.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 264.
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 247.
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 182, 247.
  11. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 182, 196.
  12. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 231.
  13. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 179, 231.
  14. ^ a b Wilson 1985, pp. 179, 264.
  15. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 110.
  16. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 106–111.
  17. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 114f.
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Norton 1988, p. 233.
  19. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  20. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  21. ^ "Woman Wins". Auckland Star. LXXVI (124). 28 May 1945. p. 3. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  22. ^ "Declaration of Result". The New Zealand Herald. 25219 (82). 4 June 1945. p. 4. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  23. ^ The General Election, 1943. National Library. 1944. p. 4. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  24. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. 80 (24713). 13 October 1943. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  25. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 92.
  26. ^ "The General Election, 1938". National Library. 1939. p. 2. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  27. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXXV (23181). 29 October 1938. p. 25. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  28. ^ Gustafson 1986, p. 366.
  29. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1936. Archived from the original on 1 May 2012. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  30. ^ "Democrat Candidate". The New Zealand Herald. LXXII (22217). 18 September 1935. p. 10. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  31. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 3. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
  32. ^ "Election Results". Auckland Star. LXII (290). 8 December 1931. p. 3. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  33. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 25 April 2015.

ReferencesEdit

  • Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.