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Hamdallah Mustawfi

  (Redirected from Hamdollah Mostowfi)
Bust of Hamdallah Mustawfi
Mausoleum of Hamdollah Mostowfi. Qazvin, Iran.

Ḥamdallāh Mustawfī Qazvīnī (1281–1349; Persian: حمدالله مستوفى قزوینی‎) was a Persian[1][2][3] historian, geographer and epic poet who was descended from a family of Arab origin.[4]

Mustawfi is the author of Nuzhat Al Qulub[5] (نزهه القلوب), Zafar-Nameh (ظفرنامه), and the Tarikh e Gozideh (تاريخ گزيده). His tomb is a structure with a blue turquoise conical dome, at Qazvin.

Effect of Illkhanate ruleEdit

In his works regarding the history of Tabriz, Mustawfi mentions that before the arrival of the Mongols the people of Tabriz spoke Pahalavi Persian and later began to speak Adhari Turkish during Illkhanate rule. He also mentions that the people of Maragha, Zanjan and Ardabil had their own Persian dialects.

PersiaEdit

Verily God hath preferred amongst His creatures of the Arabs the Quraysh, and among the Persians the men of Fars : for which reason the people of this province . . . were known as ' the Best of the Persians.'[6][7]

See alsoEdit

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ Lewis, ed. by B. (1986). Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol 3, H - Iram (Photomechan. repr. ed.). Leiden [u.a.]: Brill [u.a.] p. 122. ISBN 9004081186.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ André Godard, "The art of Iran", Praeger, 1965. pg 234: "Hamd Allah Mustawfi Qazwini. Persian historian and geographer, born in 680 H (AD 1281-1282). "
  3. ^ Carole Hillenbrand, "Turkish myth and muslim symbol: the battle of Manzikert", Edinburgh University Press, 2007. pg 97: "The Persian chronicler Hamdallah .."
  4. ^ Melville, Charles. "ḤAMD-ALLĀH MOSTAWFI – Encyclopaedia Iranica". www.iranicaonline.org. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  5. ^ See the Geographic Part transladed by Guy Le Strange, at Archive.org.
  6. ^ Kashani-Sabet 2014, p. 17.
  7. ^ FRAGILE FRONTIERS: THE DIMINISHING DOMAINS OF QAJAR IRAN