Halyvourgiki Hellenic Steel Industry

Halyvourgiki Hellenic Steel Industry S.A. (Greek: Χαλυβουργική–Ελληνική Βιομηχανία Χαλκού Α.Ε.) was one of the main steel producers in Greece, and the second largest after Viohalko.[1]

Halyvourgiki–Hellenic Steel Industry S.A.
Χαλυβουργική–Ελληνική Βιομηχανία Χαλκού Α.Ε.
TypeAnonymi Etairia
IndustryMetals, manufacturing
PredecessorAngelopoulos family
Founded1925
Defunct2020
Headquarters,
Key people
Giorgos Varoufakis (Executive Chairman)
Giorgos Skindilias (CEO)
ProductsConstruction
Copper
Aluminium
Steel
Number of employees
600-700 (2006)

263 (2012)

170 (2018)
Websitewww.halyvourgiki.com

HistoryEdit

Halyvourgiki Hellenic Steel Industry S.A. was established in 1925[2] as a trading company.[citation needed] It moved into wire production in 1932, and steel production in 1938.[citation needed]

Production was modernized and expanded after World War II, with the company moving production into a new factory in Elefsina in 1953.[citation needed] The following years were its "golden age", as a construction boom connected with the Greek economic miracle lead to a huge increase in demand for steel.[citation needed] During the 1960s and 1970s, the firm was the only vertically-integrated steelmaker in Greece.[2]

Halyvourgiki faced serious economic problems during the economic crisis of the late 1980s and early 1990s in Greece, but managed to survive following a modernization program, which involved adding new products and technologies to the company.[citation needed]

DownfallEdit

In 2012, the company experienced a dramatic downfall in production, with sales falling 70.62%.[3][4] In 2012, the firm owed financial institutions over €1 billion.[4] In February 2014, following a drastic drop in the demand for steel in Greece, and high energy costs, the company halted steel production, and suspended 200 of its remaining 263 workers.[4][5] Prior to that, 148 workers voluntarily retired.[5]

In 2015, the company permanently ceased production, but continued to operate for the sake of its employees.[2][6] In a 2018 interview with the head of the worker's union president, he stated that he had not seen the company's owner, Konstantinos Angelopoulos, in two years.[3] By 2018, the union stated that the firm employed 170 workers, who worked three days a week, down from an estimated 600 to 700 workers in 2006.[3] As of 2018, Halyvourgiki was more than €400 million in debt to private banks and the Greek public sector, and was unable to service its debt since 2016.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Η Ελληνική Χαλυβουργία γιγαντώθηκε Kathimerini newspaper, 5 December 2006.
  2. ^ a b c Chrysopoulos, Philip (2018-12-18). "Greek Steel Giant Xalyvourgiki Shuts Down After 83 Years". Greek Reporter. Archived from the original on 2019-09-01. Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  3. ^ a b c d "Χαλυβουργική: «Είδαμε τον Κ. Αγγελόπουλο, εισπράξαμε μόνο σιωπή» - Τι αποκαλύπτει ο Πρόεδρος του Σωματείου Εργαζομένων". mononews (in Greek). 2018-11-28. Archived from the original on 2019-02-28. Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  4. ^ a b c Menzel, Konstantinos (2014-02-13). "Greek Steelworks Suspends 95% of Employees". Greek Reporter. Archived from the original on 2015-11-03. Retrieved 2020-11-09.
  5. ^ a b "Greek steelworks face extinction". Neos Kosmos. 2014-02-24. Retrieved 2020-11-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "Halyvourgiki steel producer grinds to a halt | Kathimerini". Kathimerini. Retrieved 2020-11-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit