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Halsted Street

Halsted Street is a major north-south street in the American city of Chicago, Illinois.

Halsted Street (8th Avenue)
Illinois 1.svg
800 West
LocationChicago
FromGrace Street at Broadway (3800 North) in Chicago
To287th Street in Beecher

Contents

LocationEdit

In Chicago's grid system, Halsted Street marks 800 West, one mile (1.6 km) west of State Street, from Grace Street (3800 N) in Lakeview south to the city limits at the Little Calumet River (13000 S) in West Pullman, a length of 168 north-south Chicago blocks. (From Grace north to Lawrence Avenue (4800 N) in Uptown, 800 W is marked by Clarendon Avenue.)

EnvironsEdit

North SideEdit

 
North Halsted, Chicago in 2015

In Lakeview Halsted passes through Wrigleyville, as intersecting with Addison Street, it is only two blocks east of Wrigley Field home of the Chicago Cubs. Halsted is then lined with restaurants, bars and gay bars and clubs as one enters Boystown, Chicago's main gay and lesbian community. Boystown runs from Belmont Ave. to Grace St (3800N), where Broadway briefly turns from a diagonal road to a North-South road until the road splits once again just north of 3915 N Broadway, becoming Clarendon Avenue. As it continues south past Diversey (2800 N), it goes past DePaul University and through the Lincoln Park area, as a primary thoroughfare through the community area.

Near NorthEdit

At North Avenue, Halsted passes Clybourn Avenue, through the Old Town area. The former site of the Cabrini–Green housing project is at Halsted and Division (1200 N) in the Near North Side neighborhood. Halsted Street has two bridges to mark its passage over Goose Island; it is one of only two streets to completely traverse this, the Chicago River's only island.

Near WestEdit

Continuing south, Halsted soars high above feeder ramps to the Kennedy Expressway, Union Pacific Railroad and Canadian National Railway and finally the Kennedy Expressway itself to enter the West Loop. One then passes through Chicago's Greektown at Jackson Blvd (300 S). South of a high bridge over the Eisenhower Expressway, Halsted forms the eastern border of the University of Illinois at Chicago.

The Jane Addams Hull House, America's first settlement house, was located at Polk (800 S) and Halsted. The "Hull House Neighborhood," which was served by the Jane Addams settlement house, consisted of recently arrived immigrants at the turn of the 20th century.

Taylor Street (1000 S) was the port-of-call for Chicago's Italian American immigrants and became known as Chicago's Little Italy. Italians were the only ethnic group that remained after the exodus of Jews, Greeks, Irish, etc. that began shortly before the Great Depression of the 1930s. Greektown and Maxwell Street business establishments continue to exist as remnants of the mass emigration of Southern Europeans, terminated by an act of Congress in 1924.

South of an underpass allowing Halsted to cross the BNSF Railway tracks at 16th street, parallel to the Dan Ryan Expressway, Halsted grazes the eastern edge of the Pilsen neighborhood, then crosses the Chicago River's south branch.

South SideEdit

Here Halsted Street enters Bridgeport, traditionally a working-class Irish, Lithuanian and Italian community, it has been home to five of the city's mayors. Continuing south, Halsted passes between the borders of Back of the Yards, which lies to the west side of Halsted from 40th to 55th Streets, and Canaryville, which lies on the east side of Halsted between 40th and 49th Streets. Both Canaryville and Back of the Yards historically housed many Union Stock Yards workers. The Stockyards themselves were located to the west of Halsted between Pershing (39th) and 47th. Further south, Halsted Street passes into Englewood. Kennedy-King College has its campus in the heart of Englewood at 63rd Street and Halsted Street. Further south, Halsted intersects with 71st Street, which was honorarily named for Emmett Till, a martyr in the Civil Rights Movement. Just south of 95th Street is the Carter G. Woodson regional branch of the Chicago Public Library. It continues south towards the city limits at the Little Calumet River near 129th St, where it then continues into the south suburbs. Illinois Route 1 begins at Halsted Street's interchange with Interstate 57 (at 99th Street) on the far south side, and follows Halsted through much of its length through the suburbs. In the city of Chicago Heights, Route 1 breaks off and is called Chicago Road, then Dixie Highway, ending at the Ohio River, at the border with the state of Kentucky. Halsted Street continues through downtown Chicago Heights and crosses the Lincoln Highway. The road continues intermittently and ends, marked as Halstead Street, at 287th street north of Beecher, Illinois.

Public transportationEdit

Halsted Street is served by major transportation lines. The Chicago Transit Authority's Red, Purple, and Brown Lines run nearby on the north side. The Red, Blue, Orange, and Green Lines all have stops at various points along Halsted Street. These include North/Clybourn on the Red Line, Grand and UIC-Halsted on the Blue Line, Halsted on the Orange Line, and Halsted on the Green Line. The CTA also provides service on three Halsted routes: the 8 Halsted between Broadway/Waveland and 79th Street; the 8A South Halsted between the 79th Red Line station and Halsted/119th (with select trips continuing to 127th/Lowe); and the 108 Halsted/95th between the 95th/Dan Ryan Red Line Terminal and 127th/Lowe. There is a Halsted Street stop on Metra commuter rail's BNSF Railway Line; and, the West Pullman stop on the Blue Island branch of Metra's Electric District commuter rail line is at Halsted and where 121st Street would be. Pace provides suburban bus service along Halsted Street from the 95th/Dan Ryan Red Line Terminal to the south suburbs. The 352 Halsted route operates 24 hours a day/7 days a week between the 95th/Dan Ryan Red Line Terminal and the Pace Harvey Transportation Center in Harvey, Illinois, with select trips continuing to the Pace Chicago Heights Bus Terminal at Vincennes/16th Street. The 359 Robbins/South Kedzie Avenue also runs along Halsted between the 95th/Dan Ryan Red Line Terminal and 124th Street before turning west.

Associated personsEdit

Professional wrestlers One Man Gang and Colt Cabana have been billed from Halsted Street, as well as Ace Steel and CM Punk.

Conrad Friberg, aka C.O. Nelson produced a film in 1934 traveling from the south end of Halsted Street to the North, across Chicago.

EtymologyEdit

The street derives its name from William H. and Caleb O. Halsted, Philadelphia bankers who made large investments in Chicago real estate through William B. Ogden, Chicago's first Mayor. The street ran through their property, and they ceded valuable rights to the city.

Halsted has had several names, originally known as "Egyptian Road" because it led to the Little Egypt area of Illinois, it was subsequently known as First Street, then Dyer Street, after Charles Volney Dyer, a prominent Chicago physician and abolitionist.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hayner, Don and McNamee, Tom Streetwise Chicago, A History of Chicago Street Names Loyola University Press, 1988. ISBN 0-8294-0597-6

External linksEdit