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Halbi (also Bastari, Halba, Halvas, Halabi, Halvi, Mahari, Mehari) is an Eastern Indo-Aryan language, transitional between Oriya and Marathi.[4] It is spoken by 500,000 people across the central part of India. It uses SOV word order (subject-object-verb), makes strong use of affixes, and places adjectives before nouns. It is often used as a trade language, but there is a low literacy rate.

Halbi
ହଲବୀ, हलबी
Native toIndia
RegionMadhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Maharashtra
EthnicityHalba
Native speakers
766,297 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
hlb – Halbi
bhu – Bhunjia
Glottologhalb1244  Halbi[2]
bhun1242  Bhunjia[3]
Linguasphere59-AAF-tb

The Mehari dialect is mutually intelligible with the other dialects only with difficulty. There are an estimated 200,000 second-language speakers (as of 2001). In Chhtisgarh Schooled males are fluent in Hindi. Some first language speakers use Bhatri as second language.

Halbi is written in the Oriya & Devanagari script.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Halbi". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bhunjia". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  4. ^ Masica (1991)