Hain Ahmed Pasha (lit. Ahmed Pasha 'the Traitor'; died 1524), was an Ottoman governor (beylerbey) and a statesman, who became the Ottoman governor of Egypt Eyalet in 1523.

Early life Edit

Ahmed Pasha was of Georgian origin.[1] He was educated in the Enderun palace school.[2]

Declaring himself the sultan of Egypt Edit

Hain Ahmed Pasha wanted to become the grand vizier, to become the grand vizier, Hain Ahmed Pasha tried to persuade Suleiman the Magnificent to dismiss Piri Mehmed Pasha, using the old age of Piri Mehmed Pasha as an excuse, and ultimately succeeded. His rival Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha was then appointed (June 1523) instead as grand vizier, so Hain Ahmed Pasha offered Suleiman I. to make him the governor of Egypt Eyalet, which got accepted by Suleiman I. When Hain Ahmed Pasha went to Egypt, he declared himself the sultan of Egypt, independent from the Ottoman Empire.[3][4] He struck coins with his own face and name in order to legitimize his power and captured Cairo Citadel and the local Ottoman garrisons in January 1524.[3][2]

Death Edit

After surviving an assassination attempt in his bath by two emirs that he had previously sacked, he fled Cairo. Ottoman authorities finally captured him and executed him by decapitation.[2][1] His rebellion occasioned a short period of instability in the nascent Egypt Eyalet. After his death, his rival Pargalı İbrahim Pasha visited Egypt and reformed the provincial military and civil administration.[5][6]

Family Edit

Ahmed married Ilaldi Sultan, a daughter of Sultan Bayezid II. They had at least a son and a daughter:[7]

  • Sultanzade Fülan Bey. He married his cousin Hanzade Hanımsultan, the daughter of Selçuk Sultan (daughter of Bayezid II).
  • Şahzade Aynişah Hanımsultan. She married Abdüsselâm Çelebi.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b Yayın Kurulu "Ahmet Paşa (Hain)", (1999), Yaşamları ve Yapıtlarıyla Osmanlılar Ansiklopedisi, İstanbul:Yapı Kredi Kültür Sanat Yayıncılık A.Ş. volume 2, p.146 ISBN 975-08-0072-9
  2. ^ a b c Süreyya, Bey Mehmet, Nuri Akbayar, and Seyit Ali. Kahraman. Sicill-i Osmanî. Beşiktaş, İstanbul: Kültür Bakanlığı Ile Türkiye Ekonomik Ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı'nın Ortak Yayınıdır, 1890. Print.
  3. ^ a b Holt, P. M.; Gray, Richard (1975). Fage, J.D.; Oliver, Roland (eds.). "Egypt, the Funj and Darfur". The Cambridge History of Africa. London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. IV: 14–57. doi:10.1017/CHOL9780521204132.003. ISBN 9781139054584.
  4. ^ Kaya Şahin (29 March 2013). Empire and Power in the Reign of Süleyman: Narrating the Sixteenth-Century Ottoman World. Cambridge University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-107-03442-6.
  5. ^ Raymond, André (2001). Cairo: City of History. Translated by Willard Wood (Harvard ed.). Cairo, Egypt; New York, New York: American University in Cairo Press. p. 191. ISBN 978-977-424-660-9.
  6. ^ Şahin, Kaya (2013). "The Secretary's Progress (1523-1534): An Ottoman Grand Vizier in Action: The Egyptian Inspection". Empire and Power in the Reign of Süleyman: Narrating the Sixteenth-Century Ottoman World. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization (reprint ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 55–56. ISBN 9781107034426. Retrieved 3 February 2020. [İbrahim Pasha] reached Cairo on April 2 [1525]. He immediately set out to secure control of the province through a mixture of violence and charity. [...] However, İbrahim wanted to leave a larger impact on Egypt, and his next step was to lay down the grounds for a viable ottoman administration.
  7. ^ Gökbilgin, M. Tayyib (1952). XV-XVI. asırlarda Edirne ve Paşa Livası: vakıflar, mulkler, mukataalar . Üçler Basımevi. p. 380.
Political offices
Preceded by Ottoman Governor of Egypt
Succeeded by
Regnal titles
New title
Declared independence
Sultan of Egypt
Rebellion crushed