Hackensack, New Jersey(Redirected from Hackensack, NJ)
Hackensack commonly referred to by locals as “The Sack”, is a city in Bergen County in New Jersey, United States, and serves as its county seat. The area was officially named New Barbadoes Township until 1921, but it was informally known as Hackensack since at least the 18th century. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 43,010, reflecting an increase of 333 (+0.8%) from the 42,677 counted in the 2000 Census, which had, in turn, increased by 5,628 (+15.2%) from the 37,049 counted in the 1990 Census.
Hackensack, New Jersey
|City of Hackensack|
A City in Motion
Location of Hackensack within Bergen County, New Jersey.
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Settled||1665 (as New Barbadoes)|
|Incorporated||October 31, 1693 (as New Barbadoes Township)|
|Reincorporated||November 21, 1921 (as a city under current name)|
|• Type||1923 Municipal Manager Law|
|• Body||City Council|
|• Mayor||John P. Labrosse Jr. (term ends June 30, 2017)|
|• City manager||Ted M. Ehrenburg|
|• Municipal clerk||Deborah Karlsson|
|• Total||4.346 sq mi (11.256 km2)|
|• Land||4.180 sq mi (10.826 km2)|
|• Water||0.166 sq mi (0.430 km2) 3.82%|
|Area rank||287th of 566 in state|
16th of 70 in county
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||46th of 566 in state|
1st of 70 in county
|• Density||10,290.0/sq mi (3,973.0/km2)|
|• Density rank||36th of 566 in state|
10th of 70 in county
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))|
|GNIS feature ID||885236|
An inner suburb of New York City, Hackensack is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Midtown Manhattan and about 7 miles (11 km) from the George Washington Bridge. From a number of locations, the New York City skyline can be seen.
The Metropolitan Campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University straddles the Hackensack River in both Hackensack and Teaneck. Hackensack is also the home of the New Jersey Naval Museum and the World War II submarine USS Ling. Astronaut Wally Schirra is perhaps Hackensack's most famous native son.
The city is known for a great diversity of neighborhoods and land uses very close to one another. Within its borders are the prominent Hackensack University Medical Center, a trendy high-rise district about a mile long, classic suburban neighborhoods of single-family houses, stately older homes on acre-plus lots, older two-family neighborhoods, large garden apartment complexes, industrial areas, the Bergen County Jail, a tidal river, Hackensack River County Park, Borg's Woods Nature Preserve, various city parks, large office buildings, a major college campus, the Bergen County Court House, a vibrant small-city downtown district, and various small neighborhood business districts.
The first inhabitants of the area were the Lenni Lenape, an Algonquian people (later known as the Delaware Indians) who lived along the valley of what they called the Achinigeu-hach, or "Ackingsah-sack", meaning stony ground (today the Hackensack River). A representation of Chief Oratam of the Achkinhenhcky appears on the Hackensack municipal seal. The most common explanation is that the city was named for the Native American tribe, though other sources attribute it to a Native American word variously translated as meaning "hook mouth", "stream that unites with another on low ground", "on low ground" or "land of the big snake", while another version described as "more colorful than probable" attributes the name to an inn called the "Hock and Sack".
Settlement by the Dutch West India Company in New Netherland on west banks of the North River (Hudson River) across from New Amsterdam (present-day lower Manhattan) began in the 1630s at Pavonia, eventually leading to the establishment of Bergen (at today's Bergen Square in Jersey City) in 1660.
Oratam, sachem of the Lenni Lenape, deeded the land along mid-Hackensack River to the Dutch in 1665. The area was soon taken by the English in 1667, but kept its Dutch name. Philip Cartaret, governor of what became the proprietary colony of East Jersey granted land to Captain John Berry in the area of Achter Kol and soon after took up residence and called it "New Barbadoes," after having resided on the island of Barbados. In 1666, a deed was confirmed for the 2,260-acre (9.1 km2) tract that had been given earlier by Oratem to Sarah Kiersted in gratitude for her work as emissary and interpreter. Other grants were given at the English Neighborhood.
In 1675, the East Jersey Legislature established the administrative districts: (Bergen, Essex, Middlesex, and Monmouth). In 1683, Bergen (along with the three other counties) was officially recognized as an independent county by the Provincial Assembly. The seal of Bergen County bearing this date includes an image of an agreement between the settlers and the natives.
In 1700, the village of Hackensack was little more than the area around Main Street from the Courthouse to around Anderson Street. New Barbadoes Township included what is now Maywood, Rochelle Park, Paramus and River Edge, along with those portions of Oradell that are west of the Hackensack River. These areas were all very sparsely populated and consisted of farm fields, woods and swamplands. The few roads that existed then included the streets now known as Kinderkamack Road, Paramus Road/Passaic Street and Essex Street. The southernmost portions of what is now Hackensack were not part of New Barbadoes Township at that time.
The neighborhood that came to be known as the village of Hackensack (today the area encompassing Bergen County's municipal buildings in Hackensack) was a part of Essex County until 1710, when Bergen County, by royal decree of Queen Anne of Great Britain, was enlarged and the Township of New Barbadoes was removed from Essex County and added to Bergen County.
In 1710, the village of Hackensack in the newly formed Township of New Barbadoes was designated as being more centrally located and more easily reached by the majority of the Bergen County's inhabitants, and hence was chosen as the county seat of Bergen County, as it remains today. The earliest records of the Bergen County Board of Chosen Freeholders date back to 1715, at which time agreement was made to build a courthouse and jail complex, which was completed in 1716.
During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington headquartered in the village of Hackensack in November 1776 during the retreat from Fort Lee via New Bridge Landing and camped on 'The Green' across from the First Dutch Reformed Church on November 20, 1776. A raid by British forces against Hackensack on March 23, 1780, resulted in the destruction by fire of the original courthouse structure.
The Hackensack Improvement Commission was incorporated by an Act of the state legislature approved on April 1, 1868, within New Barbadoes township and including the village of Hackensack, with authority to develop sewers and other improvements in Hackensack.
The New Jersey Legislature passed the Township School Act in 1894, under which each village, borough, town, or city in New Jersey was delegated responsibility for its own public schools through the office of the county superintendent. Hackensack established a local board of education in 1894, as required by the new law, which took over operation of schools located in the township and established Hackensack High School. The 1894 act allowed local residents, by petition, to change municipal boundaries at will, setting off fearsome political battles statewide.
Portions of the township had been taken to form Harrington Township (June 22, 1775), Lodi Township (March 1, 1826), Midland Township (March 7, 1871) and Little Ferry (September 20, 1894). After these departures, secessions, and de-annexations, all that was left of New Barbadoes Township was the village of Hackensack and its surrounding neighborhoods of Fairmount, Red Hill and Cherry Hill. In 1896, New Barbadoes acquired a portion of Lodi Township covering an area south of Essex Street from the bend of Essex Street to the Maywood border. That same year the Hackensack Improvement commission was abolished and the City of Hackensack and New Barbadoes Township became coterminous.
The final parcel lost by New Barbadoes Township was the northeastern corner of what is now Little Ferry, which was incorporated in September 1894.
An act of the State Legislature incorporated the Fairmount section of New Barbadoes with the Hackensack Improvement Commission, and eliminated New Barbadoes Township as a political entity. On November 21, 1921, based on the results of a referendum held on November 8, 1921, New Barbadoes Township received its charter to incorporate as a city and officially took on its name "Hackensack," a name derived from its original inhabitants, the Lenni Lenape, who named it "Ackingsah-sack".
In 1933, Hackensack adopted the Manager form of government under the terms of the 1923 Municipal Manager Law, with five Council persons all elected at-large and a mayor selected by the council from among its members.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 4.346 square miles (11.256 km2), including 4.180 square miles (10.826 km2) of land and 0.166 square miles (0.430 km2) of water (3.82%).
There are many houses of historic value, and some of these were identified in the 1990 Master Plan. The city does not have any registered historic districts, or any restrictions on preserving the historic facade in any portions of the city. Areas considered suburban single-family residential neighborhoods account for about one third of the city's area, mostly along its western side.
|Population sources: 1850–1920|
1850–1870 1850 1870
1880–1890 1890–1910 1880–1930
1900–2010 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
As the initial destination for many immigrants to Bergen County from around the globe, Hackensack's ethnic composition has become exceptionally diverse. As of 2013, approximately 38.9% of the population was foreign-born. In addition, 2.5% were born in the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico or abroad to American parents. 51.7% of the population over the age of five speak only English in their household, while 32.5% of the population speaks Spanish at home. The South Asian and East Asian populations have increased most rapidly in Hackensack since 2000, with nearly 2,000 Indian Americans, over 1,000 Filipino Americans, and over 600 Korean Americans represented in the 2010 United States Census. Hackensack's Hispanic population has also risen rapidly, to over 15,000 in 2010; Ecuadoreans, Dominicans, and Colombians have become the top Hispanic groups in northern Hackensack. The Black population dropped as a percentage although minimally in absolute numbers between 2000 and 2010. The city lost approximately 10% of its Caucasian population between 2000 and 2010, which has stabilized and resumed growth since 2010 and has remained substantial, at over 20,000 in 2010. The city has also witnessed greatly increasing diversity in its non-Hispanic white segment, with large numbers of Eastern Europeans, Eurasians, Central Asians, and Arabic immigrants offsetting the loss in Hackensack's earlier established Italian American, Irish American, and German American populations.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 43,010 people, 18,142 households, and 9,706 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,290.0 per square mile (3,973.0/km2). There were 19,375 housing units at an average density of 4,635.4 per square mile (1,789.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 46.67% (20,072) White, 24.44% (10,511) Black or African American, 0.56% (241) Native American, 10.30% (4,432) Asian, 0.02% (10) Pacific Islander, 13.59% (5,844) from other races, and 4.42% (1,900) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.31% (15,186) of the population.
There were 18,142 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.5% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the city, the population was spread out with 18.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.5 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 96.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $57,676 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,577) and the median family income was $66,911 (+/- $5,433). Males had a median income of $45,880 (+/- $4,012) versus $42,059 (+/- $1,681) for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,036 (+/- $1,809). About 8.9% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 42,677 people, 18,113 households, and 9,545 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,358.3 people per square mile (3,999.4/km2). There were 18,945 housing units at an average density of 4,598.2 per square mile (1,775.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 52.61% White, 24.65% African American, 0.45% Native American, 7.45% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 9.71% from other races, and 5.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.92% of the population.
There were 18,113 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.3% were non-families. 39.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 18.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 38.4% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $49,316, and the median income for a family was $56,953. Males had a median income of $39,636 versus $32,911 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,856. About 6.8% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.
Hackensack operates under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law form of New Jersey municipal government. The City Council consists of five members who are elected to four-year terms on a concurrent basis in a non-partisan election held every four years in May. This form of government separates policy making (the work of the mayor and city council) from the execution of policy (the work of the city manager). This maintains professional management and a Citywide perspective through: nonpartisan election, at-large representation, concentration of executive responsibility in the hands of a professional manager accountable to the Mayor and Council, concentration of policy making power in one body: a five-person Mayor and Council. In the several decades in which the City has used the Municipal Manager form of government, Hackensack has had only nine City Managers.
As of 2017[update], the mayor of the City of Hackensack is John P. Labrosse Jr., whose term of office as mayor ends June 30, 2021, along with those of all other councilmembers. Other members of the Hackensack City Council are Deputy Mayor Kathleen Canestrino, Leonardo 'Leo' Battaglia, David Sims and Stephanie Von Rudenborg. The May 2017 election was won by the Labrosse Team, which include the mayor and three other incumbents, joined by one newcomer.
In April 2015, the city council selected Jason Some on an interim basis to fill the vacant seat of Rose Greenman, who had resigned the previous month citing claims that her council colleagues had discriminated against her. In the November 2015 general election, Deborah Keeling-Geddis was elected to serve the balance of the term of office, edging interim councilmember Jason Some by 24 votes in the final count, with four candidates running for the seat.
City Council candidate Joseph DeFalco, principal of Hackensack High School, died of a heart attack the day of the municipal election in 2005, but was elected despite his death. His running mates agreed to create a rotation under which each of the four surviving members of the New Visions for Hackensack slate would serve for a year as Mayor, creating a series of firsts for the City. Townes took office in 2005 as the city's first black mayor, and Sasso became the first female mayor in 2006. Meneses became Hackensack's first Hispanic mayor when he was sworn in on July 1, 2007, and Melfi took the reins as mayor in 2008. Four of the same five officials were re-elected in 2009 (Townes, Melfi, Sasso, Meneses), along with one opposition candidate, LaBrosse. The city council continued to rotate the mayor's seat, with the exception of Labrosse, and Melfi became mayor again in 2012.
Former Assemblyman Charles "Ken" Zisa served as chief of the Hackensack Police Department from his 1995 appointment to replace John Aletta until May 2010 when he was suspended without pay on charges of official misconduct and insurance fraud. Tomas Padilla was appointed the acting police chief while the police department was being monitored by the Bergen County Prosecutors office. In May 2012, a judge ordered Zisa out of his position as police chief, a decision that cost him his police retirement benefits. In January 2013, Mike Mordaga was appointed the new civilian police director, which replaced the previous position of police chief.
Federal, state and county representationEdit
Hackensack is located in the 5th Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district. Prior to the 2010 Census, Hackensack had been part of the 9th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.
New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (Paramus, 2019).
For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood). The Governor of New Jersey is Phil Murphy (D, Middletown Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Sheila Oliver (D, East Orange).
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year; a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore are selected from among its seven members at a reorganization meeting held each January. As of 2018[update], the County Executive is Democratic James J. Tedesco III of Paramus, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman ends 2018), Freeholder Vice-Chairwoman Germaine M. Ortiz (D, Emerson, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder vice-chairwoman ends 2018), Freeholder Chairman Pro-Tempore Mary J. Amoroso (D, Mahwah, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman pro-tempore ends 2018), David L. Ganz (D, Fair Lawn, 2020), Steve Tanelli (D, North Arlington, 2018),Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee, 2020) and Tracy Silna Zur (D, Franklin Lakes, 2018), Bergen County's constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale, 2021), Sheriff Michael Saudino (D, Emerson, 2019) and Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill, 2021).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,123 registered voters in Hackensack, of which 8,630 (45.1% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,993 (10.4% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 8,492 (44.4% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties. Among the city's 2010 Census population, 44.5% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 54.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 11,335 votes (78.6% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,835 votes (19.6% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 113 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 14,428 ballots cast by the city's 20,971 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.8% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 11,711 votes (75.7% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3,498 votes (22.6% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 102 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 15,461 ballots cast by the city's 20,616 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.0% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 9,815 votes (71.0% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 3,870 votes (28.0% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 88 votes (0.6% vs. 0.7%), among the 13,818 ballots cast by the city's 19,013 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.7% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Democrat Barbara Buono received 59.7% of the vote (4,268 cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 39.0% (2,790 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (89 votes), among the 7,327 ballots cast by the city's 19,506 registered voters (180 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 37.6%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 6,247 ballots cast (70.9% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,194 votes (24.9% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 288 votes (3.3% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 31 votes (0.4% vs. 0.5%), among the 8,812 ballots cast by the city's 19,819 registered voters, yielding a 44.5% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
The Hackensack Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2015-16 school year, the district and its six schools had an enrollment of 5,762 students and 410.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.0:1. Schools in the district (with 2015-16 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are
- Fairmount Elementary School (642 students; in grades PreK-4),
- Fanny Meyer Hillers School (643; PreK-4),
- Jackson Avenue School (505; PreK-4),
- Nellie K. Parker School (647; PreK-4),
- Hackensack Middle School serves grades 5-8 (1,388) and
- Hackensack High School serves students in grades 9-12 (1,806).
Hackensack High School serves high school students living in neighboring communities as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective districts, including about 250 from Maywood, 120 from Rochelle Park and 250 from South Hackensack as of 2012. Teterboro residents had been able to choose between Hackensack High School and Hasbrouck Heights School District's Hasbrouck Heights High School.
Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.
The YCS George Washington School is a nonprofit private school for classified students ages 5–14 in grades K-8 who are experiencing behavioral and/or emotional difficulties. Its population consists of students who reside at the YCS Holley Child Care and Development Center in Hackensack and students within the surrounding communities whose needs cannot be adequately met in special education programs within their districts.
Padre Pio Academy is a defunct K-8 school that operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark until its closure at the end of the 2012–13 school year in the wake of declining enrollment and a deficit approaching $350,000. The school had been formed in 2009 by the diocese through the merger of St. Francis of Assisi School with Holy Trinity.
Colleges and universitiesEdit
Eastwick College is located at 250 Moore Street.
- Hackensack Meridian Health Medical Center is the primary health care provider and hospital for the city of Hackensack. Its main hospital campus, which includes a children's hospital, an all women's hospital, and Heart and Vascular Hospital, is located on 30 Prospect Avenue. The other facility that the hospital has is the John Theurer Cancer Center, located on 2nd Street.
- Hackensack University Medical Center has two medical offices located on Russell Place and Essex Center. It also has a career center located on 2nd Street nearby the John Theurer Cancer Center.
Roads and highwaysEdit
As of May 2010[update], the city had a total of 79.69 miles (128.25 km) of roadways, of which 62.10 miles (99.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.10 miles (24.30 km) by Bergen County and 2.49 miles (4.01 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
Interstate 80, Route 17, Route 4, and County Route 503 cross Hackensack, while there are many other main roads in Hackensack. Several bridges, including the Court Street Bridge, the Midtown Bridge and the Anderson Street Bridge span the Hackensack River.
The city is served by three train stations on NJ Transit's Pascack Valley Line, two of them in Hackensack, providing service to Hoboken Terminal, with connecting service to Penn Station New York and other NJ Transit service at Secaucus Junction. Anderson Street station serves central Hackensack while Essex Street station serves southern portions of the city. The New Bridge Landing station, located adjacent to the city line in River Edge also serves the northernmost parts of Hackensack, including The Shops at Riverside.
NJ Transit buses include lines 144, 157, 162, 163, 164, 165 and 168 serving the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 171, 175, 178 and 182 to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station; the 76 to Newark; the 83 route to Jersey City; and local service on the 709, 712, 751, 752, 753, 755, 756, 762, 770, 772 and 780 lines. Many of the bus routes stop, originate and terminate at the Hackensack Bus Terminal, a regional transit hub. Route 1X jitney of Fordham Transit originates/terminates at the bus terminal with service Inwood, Manhattan via Fort Lee Road. Spanish Transportation and several other operators provide frequent jitney service along Route 4 between Paterson, New Jersey and the George Washington Bridge Bus Station.
The City of Hackensack is protected by a force of 99 paid, professional firefighters of the city of Hackensack Fire Department (HFD). The Hackensack Fire Department was first established on April 1, 1871 as Bergen Hook & Ladder Co. 1. In 1911, the full-time fire department was organized. The Hackensack Fire Department responds to approximately 5,600 emergency calls annually.
The Hackensack Ford dealership fire on July 1, 1988, resulted in the deaths of five firefighters after a bowstring truss roof collapsed. A message issued a minute before the collapse ordering firefighters out was never received due to defective communications equipment and two firefighters who survived the initial collapse could not be rescued as their calls for help were not received.
Nine firefighters from Hackensack have died in the line of duty.
The Hackensack Fire Department currently operates out of four fire stations located throughout the city, under the command of a Deputy Chief / Tour Commander for each shift. The Hackensack Fire Department also operates a fire apparatus fleet of four engines, one ladder, one rescue (Which Is Also Part Of The Metro USAR Collapse Rescue Strike Team), one Metro USAR (urban search and rescue) Collapse Rescue Shoring Unit, one Special Operations(Flood Rescue) Unit, one Air Cascade Unit, one fire alarm maintenance bucket truck, two spare engines, one spare ladder and a spare rescue, as well as several other special and support units.
The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations.
- Fire station locations and apparatus
|Engine company||Ladder company||Special unit||Command unit||Address|
|Engine 1||Special Ops Flood Rescue Unit||198 Hudson Street|
|Engine 2||107 S. Summit Avenue|
|Engine 4||Ladder 1||Rescue 1(Which Is Also Part Of The Metro USAR Collapse Rescue Strike Team), Air Cascade 1, Metro USAR (Urban Search And Rescue) Collapse Rescue Shoring Unit, (reserve/spare apparatus – Rescue 2, Ladder 2, Engine 3, Engine 6)||Deputy Chief 1/Tour Commander||205 State Street|
|Engine 5||784 Main Street|
The Hackensack Volunteer Ambulance Corps provides emergency medical services to Hackensack and other nearby towns through mutual aid agreements. The Corps operates nightly from 6pm to 6am, and 24 hours on Saturdays and Sundays. Daytime EMS is provided seven days a week by the Hackensack University Medical Center's ambulance service, overlapping volunteer coverage on weekends. Both the Hackensack University Medical Center and Hackensack Volunteer Ambulance Corps are dispatched by MICCOM, the Northern New Jersey Mobile Intensive Care Communications Network. MICCOM provides dispatch and emergency medical call taking with pre-arrival instructions and updates.
Points of interestEdit
The city historian is Albert Dib. Walking tours are conducted of historic markers in downtown Hackensack, in and around The Green and lower Main Street, and a virtual historic walking tour is available as far north as the Pascack Valley Line crossing at Main Street.
The First Dutch Reformed Church ("Church on The Green") was built in 1696. In 1696 Major Berry donated land for the First Dutch Reformed Church, erected in that same year, which still stands in Hackensack today as the oldest church in Bergen County and the second oldest church in New Jersey. The following is list of notable people buried in the Church's adjoining cemetery:
- Enoch Poor, one of George Washington's officers.
- Richard Varick, former mayor of the city of New York and former New York Attorney General.
- Interment records for First Dutch Reformed Churchyard.
Bergen County's largest newspaper, The Record, a publication of the North Jersey Media Group, had called Hackensack its home until moving to Woodland Park. Its 19.7-acre (8.0 ha) campus is largely abandoned and has been sold to be redeveloped for a mixed-use commercial project that would include 500 residential apartments and a hotel, in association with the river walkway project.
The New Jersey Naval Museum is home to the World War II submarine USS Ling, a Balao class submarine, and several smaller water vessels and artifacts. The museum is open select weekdays for group tours.
The Hackensack Cultural Arts Center, located at 39 Broadway, is the city's leading theater arts institution and houses many local arts groups such as the Teaneck Theater Company and the Hackensack Theater Company. The facility also serves as the summer indoor location for the Hudson Shakespeare Company in case of rain. Otherwise, the group performs outdoors at Staib Park, with two "Shakespeare Wednesdays" per month for each month of the summer.
The Shops at Riverside (formerly known as Riverside Square Mall), is an upscale shopping center located at the intersection of Route 4 and Hackensack Avenue at the northern edge of the city along the Hackensack River near its border with River Edge to the north and with Teaneck across the river. The mall, which has undergone a significant expansion, is anchored by a number of high-end department stores and restaurants, including Bloomingdale's, Saks Fifth Avenue, Tiffany & Co., Pottery Barn and Barnes & Noble, offering a gross leasable area of 674,416 square feet (62,655.3 m2). The mall also added an AMC Theatres dine-in movie theater on September 13, 2017. The mall is known for its marble floors, and attracts a great many upper income shoppers from Manhattan and Northern Bergen County.
Hackensack's Main Street is devoted to shopping and includes some of the city's iconic landmarks, including the United Jersey Bank headquarters building and the former Woolworth site that is now a housewares store. The only remaining major store on Hackensack's Main Street is Sears Roebuck and Co. The historic Sears building is located on the corner of Main and Anderson Streets and is still in operation today. The site is close to the Anderson Street train station, and has been open since the 1930s.
Bergen County Jail is a detention center for both sentenced and unsentenced prisoners. It is located on South River Street. The County is in the process of moving the County Police from the northern end of the city to a new site across from the Jail. The former site will be redeveloped as a "transit village" complex associated with the New Bridge Landing rail station in adjoining River Edge.
Ice House is a complex with four full-sized skating rinks that opened in 1996. It is home to the New Jersey Avalanche mainstreamed and special needs hockey teams and several high school hockey teams, in addition to being the home rink of gold medalists Sarah Hughes, Elena Bereznaia and Anton Sikharulidze. In 2018, 11 Olympic figure skaters from Israel, Switzerland, Slovakia, Canada, and Australia trained at the Ice House for the ladies' singles, men's singles, pairs and ice dance competitions that they then competed in during the 2018 Winter Olympics.
Other points of interest within the city include the Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack River County Park, Bowler City Bowling Lanes, Borg's Woods Nature Preserve, the Bergen County Court House and the Bergen Museum of Art & Science.
Radio station WNYM at 970 AM, is licensed to Hackensack and has its transmitter in the city. The station is currently owned by Salem Communications with a conservative talk format. During the 1970s, it played a Top 40 music radio format for several years, competing (unsuccessfully) with Top 40 powerhouse 77 WABC (AM).
In popular cultureEdit
Hackensack has been mentioned in the lyrics of songs by several musical artists, many of whom have lived in New Jersey or New York City. The town was home to the original Van Gelder recording studio at 25 Prospect Avenue where the jazz musicians Sonny Rollins and Thelonious Monk recorded some of their landmark work. Monk recorded a tribute to Rudy Van Gelder entitled "Hackensack". Other notable examples of Hackensack in songs include:
- I Happen to Like New York by Cole Porter, written in 1930 for the musical The New Yorkers.
- "Back In Hackensack, New Jersey" which was written in 1924.
- "Roller Derby Queen" by Jim Croce, describes the tough titular character in the song as "She's my big blonde bomber, my heavy handed Hackensack mama."
- "Daddy Don't Live in That New York City No More" by Steely Dan from their 1975 album Katy Lied includes the rhyme "Driving like a fool out to Hackensack/Drinking his dinner from a paper sack".
- Fountains of Wayne, "Hackensack" (Welcome Interstate Managers, 2003), was covered by Katy Perry, 2009.
- Johnny Cash, "I've Been Everywhere" (Unchained) a 1996 cover of a number 1 hit in Country Music in November 1962 in the United States by Hank Snow.
- Peter Schickele (under the pseudonym P. D. Q. Bach), "O Little Town of Hackensack", a parody of the traditional carol "O Little Town of Bethlehem".
- "Movin' Out (Anthony's Song)" by Billy Joel includes the lines "Who needs a house out in Hackensack? Is that all you get for your money?"
- "Lost In Hollywood" by System of a Down includes the lyrics, "The lines in the letter said, 'We have gone to Hackensack'".
Hackensack also appears in movies, video games, books and television.
- In the 2001 film Zoolander someone threatens Mugatu by saying "Perhaps you'd like to go back to turning out novelty neck ties in Hackensack."
- In the 1978 film Superman: The Movie, Hackensack was to have been ground zero for a nuclear missile launched by Lex Luthor (Gene Hackman), as Superman (Christopher Reeve) is slowly dying from exposure to kryptonite.
- In the 1954 film Rear Window directed by Alfred Hitchcock, L.B. Jefferies' (Jimmy Stewart) maid, Stella (Thelma Ritter), muses that she had handled enough rhodium tri-eckonol pills to "put everybody in Hackensack to sleep for the winter." She makes the statement while she and Jefferies spy on his neighbors, one of which was laying out on a table a set of pills in an apparent contemplation of suicide.
- The 1985 film Brewster's Millions starred Richard Pryor, who played a pitcher for the Hackensack Bulls, a fictional minor-league baseball team that plays in a stadium where a railroad track runs across the outfield.
- The 1997 game Grand Theft Auto features the district of Hackenslash, based on Hackensack.
- In the 1998 film Bride of Chucky, Chucky's human body is said to be buried in a fictional Hackensack cemetery.
- The 2013 film Don Jon starring and directed by Joseph Gordon-Levitt was filmed in Hackensack. The Church of St. Anthony of Padua, located on S. Main Street, can be seen in the movie.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Hackensack include:
- Enzo Amore (born 1986), former professional wrestler; worked for WWE.
- Phil Arnold (1909–1968), actor.
- Carol Arthur (born 1935), actress who played a number of supporting roles in films by Mel Brooks.
- Pete Athas (born 1947), cornerback who played for the New York Giants during his six NFL seasons.
- Barton Lidice Beneš (1942–2012), artist.
- Ellsworth P. Bertholf (1866–1921), Commandant of the Coast Guard from 1915–1919.
- James Black (1800–1872), blacksmith who is credited with creating the Bowie knife.
- David Boll (born 1953), cyclist who competed in the individual road race event at the 1976 Summer Olympics.
- Debby Boone (born 1956), singer.
- Warren Boroson (born 1935), author and journalist.
- Adam Boyd (1746–1835), represented New Jersey in Congress from 1803 to 1805, and again from 1808 to 1813.
- Glenn Britt (1949–2014), CEO of Time Warner Cable from 2001 to December 2013.
- David Brock (born 1962), Neo-Liberal political operative, author and commentator who founded the media watchdog group Media Matters for America.
- Hector Luis Bustamante (born 1972), Colombian-American actor.
- Oleksii Bychenko (born 1988), Ukrainian-born Israeli Olympic figure skater who competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics.
- Cody Calafiore (born 1990), reality television personality who was runner up on Big Brother 16.
- Philip Carey (1925–2009), actor who starred in One Life to Live.
- George Cassedy (1783–1842), member of the United States House of Representatives from New Jersey who served from 1821–1827.
- Vinny Ciurciu (born 1980), linebacker who has played in the NFL with the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Carolina Panthers, Minnesota Vikings and Detroit Lions.
- Austen Crehore (1893–1962), World War I pilot in the Armée de l'Air and the recipient of the Legion of Honor and Croix de Guerre with two palms.
- Dave Davis (born 1942), professional ten-pin bowler; 1967 PBA Player of the Year and PBA Hall of Famer.
- Anthony DiCosmo (born 1977), gridiron football player.
- Harold Dow (1947–2010), correspondent on 48 Hours.
- John Fenn (1917–2010), chemist who was a co-winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2002 for his work in mass spectrometry.
- F. Scott Fitzgerald went to the prep school, the Newman School, in Hackensack in 1911.
- Jim Finn (born 1976), New York Giants fullback.
- Dave Fiore (born 1974), offensive lineman for the San Francisco 49ers and the Washington Redskins.
- Percy Keese Fitzhugh (1876–1950), author of many popular children's books.
- Silvia Fontana (born 1976), figure skater who represented Italy at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin.
- Chet Forte (1935–1996), television director and sports radio talk show host.
- Donald Frankos (1938–2011), contract killer and mob associate of the Lucchese crime family.
- Bob Franks (1951–2010), represented New Jersey's 7th congressional district from 1993–2001.
- Mike Fratello (born 1947), NBA coach and TV commentator.
- Dean Gallo (1935–1994), represented New Jersey's 11th congressional district from 1985 until his death.
- Elene Gedevanishvili (born 1990), figure skater who represented the nation of Georgia at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
- Norm Gigon (born 1938), utility player who played for the Chicago Cubs in 1967.
- Doug Glanville (born 1970), Major League Baseball outfielder who played for the Philadelphia Phillies, Chicago Cubs and the Texas Rangers; writer and broadcaster
- Junior Glymph (born 1980), linebacker who played in the NFL for the Atlanta Falcons and Dallas Cowboys.
- Navarro Gray (born 1979), lawyer best known for his accomplishments in the entertainment industry, including representing Fetty Wap.
- David Grisman (born 1945), mandolin player.
- Bill Hands (born 1940), former Major League Baseball pitcher who played for the Chicago Cubs during his 11-year career.
- Chet Hanulak (born 1933), former NFL running back who played for four seasons for the Cleveland Browns.
- Harry Harper (1895–1963), Major League Baseball pitcher from 1913 to 1923.
- Archibald C. Hart (1873–1935), represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district from 1912–1913 and 1913–1917.
- Matt Herr (born 1976), ice hockey forward who played for parts of four NHL seasons.
- Henry Kent Hewitt (1887–1972), United States Navy commander of amphibious operations in North Africa and southern Europe throughout World War II.
- John Huyler (1808–1870), represented New Jersey's 4th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1857–1859.
- Mark Ingram Jr. (born 1989), Heisman Trophy winning running back and BCS National Champion at Alabama, currently plays for the New Orleans Saints.
- Connor Jaeger (born 1991), competition swimmer who specializes in distance freestyle events.
- Howie Janotta (1924–2010) professional basketball player who played for the Baltimore Bullets in 9 games during the 1949–50 NBA season.
- Eric Karros (born 1967), Major League Baseball player and TV commentator.
- Lena Kleinschmidt (1835–after 1886), German-born New York criminal who was a prominent jewel thief during the late 19th century.
- Louis F. Kosco (born 1932), politician who served in both the New Jersey General Assembly and the New Jersey Senate.
- Marc Kudisch (born 1966), stage actor.
- Lauren Lake (born 1969), lawyer and presiding judge of Lauren Lake's Paternity Court.
- Rich LeFurgy (born c. 1956), advertising consultant and investor.
- William Alexander Linn (1846-1917), journalist and historian.
- John Maessner (born 1969), soccer player and coach who played six seasons in Major League Soccer.
- Hugh McCracken (1942–2013), rock guitarist and session musician.
- James McEachin (born 1930), actor and author.
- Earl Schenck Miers (1910–1972), historian who wrote extensively about the American Civil War.
- E. Frederic Morrow (c. 1906 - 1994), the first African American to hold an executive position at the White House, when he served President Dwight Eisenhower as Administrative Officer for Special Projects from 1955 to 1961.
- John H. Morrow (1910-2000), diplomat, who was appointed by President Dwight Eisenhower in 1959 as the first Ambassador to independent Guinea.
- Don Nelson (1927-2013), screenwriter, film producer and jazz musician, best known for his work on the sitcom The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet.
- Richard Cooper Newick (1926–2013), multihull sailboat designer.
- Donald Nichols (1923–1992), United States Air Force officer who worked in military intelligence.
- Dan Oates (born 1955), police chief of Miami Beach, Florida, who was chief of the Aurora, Colorado department during the 2012 Aurora shooting, in which 12 moviegoers were killed.
- Frederick Albion Ober (1849–1913), naturalist and writer.
- Danny Oquendo (born 1987), wide receiver who played for the Maryland Terrapins football team.
- William A. Pailes (born 1952), United States Air Force astronaut in the Manned Spaceflight Engineer Program during the mid-1980s whi served as a Payload Specialist on STS-51-J Atlantis (October 3–7, 1985).
- Nellie Morrow Parker (1902-1998), the first African American school teacher in Bergen County, New Jersey and the namesake of Nellie K. Parker Elementary School.
- Randi Patterson (born 1985), former professional soccer player.
- Randolph E. Paul (1890–1956), lawyer specializing in tax law who has been credited as "an architect of the modern tax system."
- Melissa Perello (born 1976), chef.
- Stan Pitula (1931–1965), right-handed pitcher who played for the Cleveland Indians.
- Charles Lane Poor (1866–1951), astronomy professor, noted for his opposition to Albert Einstein's theory of relativity.
- Willie Prall (born 1950), pitcher who appeared in three games in 1950 for the Chicago Cubs.
- George Prévost (1767–1816), British Army officer and colonial administrator.
- Alice Huyler Ramsey (1886–1983), first woman to drive across the United States from coast to coast.
- John R. Ramsey (1862–1933), politician who represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1917 to 1921.
- David Remnick (born 1958), journalist, writer, and magazine editor who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1994 for his book Lenin's Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire.
- Nicholas Romayne (1756–1817), physician.
- Hatch Rosdahl (1941–2004), football player who played for the Buffalo Bills and Kansas City Chiefs.
- Jason Rullo (born 1972), professional drummer, one of the founding members of progressive metal band Symphony X.
- Wally Schirra (1923–2007), NASA astronaut, one of the original seven astronauts chosen for Project Mercury.
- Walter G. Schroeder (born 1927), politician who was a member of the Oregon House of Representatives from 1985 to 1993.
- Dave Scott (born 1953), offensive lineman who played for the Atlanta Falcons.
- Adel Tankova (born 2000), Ukrainian-born Israeli Olympic figure skater who competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics.
- Warren Terhune (1869–1920), United States Navy Commander and the 13th Governor of American Samoa.
- Russell Thacher (1919-1990), author and film producer who co-produced the films Soylent Green and The Last Hard Men together with Walter Seltzer.
- Joe Lynn Turner (born 1951), singer.
- Rudy Van Gelder (1924–2016), recording engineer who taped many jazz albums for Blue Note Records in his Hackensack recording studio in the 1950s.
- Richard Varick (1753–1831), lawyer and politician.
- Charles H. Voorhis (1833–1896), lawyer and judge from New Jersey who served one term representing New Jersey's 5th congressional district.
- Douglas Watt (1914–2009), theater critic for the New York Daily News.
- Teresa Weatherspoon (born 1965), professional basketball player, formerly with WNBA's New York Liberty.
- Leslie West (born 1945), rock guitarist, vocalist, and songwriter who is best known as a founding member of the hard rock band Mountain.
- William B. Widnall (1906–1983), member of the United States House of Representatives for 24 years representing New Jersey's 7th congressional district.
- Anna Wessels Williams (1863–1954), physician who worked as a bacteriologist at the first U.S. municipal diagnostic laboratory, helped develop the diphtheria antitoxin and was the first woman to be elected chair of the laboratory section of the American Public Health Association.
- Bill Willoughby (born 1957), basketball player who, along with Darryl Dawkins, were the first high school players drafted by the NBA after they graduated in 1975.
- Chris Wragge (born 1970), news anchor for WCBS-TV.
- Ronald Zilberberg (born 1996), Israeli Olympic figure skater who competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics.
- Ken Zisa, politician who served as a member of the New Jersey General Assembly from 1994 to 2002, where he represented the 37th Legislative District.
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- Jerde, Sara. "Ticket of mostly incumbents wins Hackensack race", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, May 10, 2017. Accessed August 30, 2017. "After an intense campaign season, the Labrosse team swept in the municipal election Tuesday night in Hackensack, according to unofficial election results.... In Hackensack, the ticket with the most incumbents running, including Mayor John Labrosse, Deputy Mayor Kathleen Canestrino, Councilman Leo Battaglia and Councilman David Sims, won. Stephanie Von Rudenborg was also on the ticket."
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- Adely, Hannan. "Archdiocese plans to close Hackensack Catholic school" Archived 2014-12-05 at the Wayback Machine., The Record (Bergen County), February 12, 2013. Accessed November 29, 2014. "The Padre Pio Academy, a Catholic elementary school, will close for good at the end of the school year, an archdiocese spokesman said Tuesday.... 'Very clearly, this is a case where there are fewer and fewer students each year to be educated and the deficit that the school has been running has been consistently high — at least $200,000 a year,' Goodness said. This year, the school was expected to operate with a $347,000 deficit, he said."
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- Burrow, Megan. "Vision for Kinderkamack Road corridor taking shape", Town News, May 3, 2011. Accessed November 8, 2011. "Transit Village, a proposed joint project between River Edge and New Jersey Transit, has received interest from six developers. The project would consist of mixed-use buildings housing residential units, retail and office space, and a parking garage near the New Bridge Landing train station."
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- Montgomery, James. "Katy Perry's MTV Unplugged Album Will Feature Two New Songs; The never-before-released 'Brick by Brick' and a cover of Fountains of Wayne's 'Hackensack' will be included on CD/DVD set.", MTV.com, October 12, 2009. Accessed August 30, 2017. "Featured in the package are rearranged takes on hits like 'I Kissed a Girl,' Waking Up in Vegas,' 'Thinking of You' and a pair of brand-new songs: Perry's version of the Fountains of Wayne's 'Hackensack' and a never-before-released original 'Brick by Brick.'".
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- Borg, Stephen A. "An Armenian story: Charles Agemian", (201) magazine. Accessed June 13, 2015. "In the 1978 movie, Superman, Lex Luthor (Gene Hackman) boasts to Superman (Christopher Reeve) that Hackensack is the target of one of two missiles he has fired to reap destruction on planet Earth."
- Blowen, Michael. "Pryor Steals 'Brewster's Millions'", The Boston Globe, May 22, 1985. Accessed May 5, 2008. "Pitcher Montgomery Brewster (Richard Pryor), a dead ringer for Satchel Paige until he throws the ball, plays for the Hackensack Bulls in the mythical Jersey League."
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- Gerace, Joseph M. "Upcoming Don Jon Filmed on Location in Bergen County", Teaneck Patch, September 20, 2013. Accessed August 26, 2018. "While you never know what's going to make it into a final cut, multiple sources reported last year that the film—starring, directed and written by Joseph Gordon-Levitt—shot on location in Hackensack."
- Locicero, Anthony. "Where are they now? Former Waldwick football player Eric Arndt" Archived 2014-06-30 at the Wayback Machine., The Record (Bergen County), June 11, 2013. Accessed December 17, 2014. "So now, eight years after graduating from Waldwick High School, Arndt is living his dream."
- Twomey, Alfred E.; and McClure, Arthur F. "The versatiles:a study of supporting character actors and actresses in the American motion picture, 1930–1955", p. 32. A. S. Barnes, 1969. Accessed May 28, 2013. "Phil Arnold was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, and appeared in many amateur contests around Bayonne, New Jersey, in which 'he won them all.'"
- Staff. Contemporary Theatre, Film, and Television: Volume 46, p. 90. Gale Research, 2003. ISBN 9780787663612. Accessed October 26, 2013. "DeLuise, Carol 1935– (Carol Arthur) Personal: Original name, Carol Arata; born August 4, 1935, in Hackensack, NJ; married Dom DeLuise (an actor), November 23, 1965"
- Staff. "Giants Drop Athas, Add Two; Vote on Strike Looms in N.F.L.; Wells, Boone Join Team Hunter Quits", The New York Times, September 11, 1975. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Pete Athas, starter at left cornerback since 1971, was dropped yesterday as the New York Giants continued to move out the old guard.... Athas, who will be 28 years old on Monday was born in Hackensack, N. J."
- Vitello, Paul. "Barton Lidice Benes, Provocative Artist, Dies at 69", The New York Times, June 18, 2012. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Barton Lidice Benes was born in Hackensack, N.J. on Nov. 16, 1942, the son of Marie and Richard Benes."
- Kroll, C. Douglas. Commodore Ellsworth P. Bertholf : first Commandant of the Coast Guard, Naval Institute Press, 2002. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Shortly after this birth the family moved across the Hudson River from New York City into the bustling New Jersey village of Hackensack. By this time Ellsworth had received the nickname 'Todd,' by which he would be known throughout his childhood."
- Gwaltney, Francis Irby. "A Survey of Historic Washington, Arkansas", Arkansas Historical Quarterly; Volume 17, Winter 1955, p. 339. Accessed October 26, 2013. "But the principal character in the story of the Bowie Knife is not James Bowie of Vadalia, Memphis, and the Alamo. It is James Black of Washington, Arkansas.... James Black was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, May 1, 1800."
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- via Knight News Service. "Debby Boone feels comfortable with a country label", Lakeland Ledger, February 10, 1981. Accessed April 4, 2012. "The third of four daughters of Pat and Shirley Boone (Red Foley, who died in 1968, was Shirley's father), Debby was born in Hackensack, N.J., but her family moved to Los Angeles when she was 4."
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- Adam Boyd, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 22, 2007.
- Henry, David; and Sherman, Alex. "Glenn Britt, Who Raised Time Warner Cable Shares, Dies at 65", Bloomberg Businessweek, June 11, 2014. Accessed December 14, 2015. "Glenn Alan Britt was born on March 6, 1949, in Hackensack, New Jersey, to parents Walter E. Britt and Helen Crupi, according to Marquis Who's Who."
- Lei, Richard. "The Reliable Source", The Washington Post, August 1, 2004. Accessed November 25, 2017. "David Brock... Born: July 23, 1962, in Hackensack, N.J.; grew up on Windsor Street and Sussex Road in Wood-Ridge, N.J."
- Staff. "Award-winning Actor Hector Bustamante Guests on Eye on Entertainment on Time Warner Cable", Newswire, June 2, 2010. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Bustamante began his acting career in high school (Hackensack, NJ) but was discouraged after being told by an acting teacher that his thick accent would never allow him to be a professional actor."
- Radnofsky, Louise (16 February 2018). "Israel's Capital of Olympic Skating? It's Hackensack". Retrieved 27 March 2018 – via www.wsj.com.
- Staff. "Hackensack native joins 'Big Brother' cast", The Record (Bergen County), June 20, 2014. Accessed December 17, 2014. "Cody Calafiore of Hackensack is among the 16 'Houseguests' competing on the new season of Big Brother, which premieres 8 p.m. Wednesday and Thursday on CBS. Calafiore, 23, is a sales account executive who currently lives in Howell."
- via Associated Press. "Phil Carey, 83, Longtime One Life to Live Star, Dies", The New York Times, February 13. 2009. Accessed April 4, 2012. "Born Eugene Joseph Carey on July 15, 1925, in Hackensack, N.J., Mr. Carey began his film career with a part in Operation Pacific, starring John Wayne."
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- Dave Davis, Professional Bowlers Association. Accessed April 10, 2011. "Through all his years of Tour competition dating back to 1963, Davis, a tall, slim lefty from Hackensack, N.J., won 18 career Tour titles, amassed official earnings of $912,765, and also found time to serve on the PBA's various committees, including the all-important Tournament Committee and Executive Board."
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- Harold Dow profile, 48 Hours (TV series). Accessed October 11, 2007. "Dow was born in Hackensack, N.J. He attended the University of Nebraska at Omaha."
- Fields, Walter. "Opinion: Harold Dow: He never forgot his roots", The Record (Bergen County), August 24, 2010. Accessed April 4, 2012. "When someone who is still relatively young dies suddenly, it is cliché to suggest that it was 'too soon.' In the case of CBS News correspondent Harold Dow, the cliché is appropriate. Dow, a product of Hackensack and a source of pride in the community, still had much to give a profession that is in dire need of the character and purpose this award-winning journalist brought to his craft."
- Fenn, John. "John B. Fenn – Biographical", Nobel Prize. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Our home was in Hackensack, N.J., next door to Lodi and County Seat of Bergen County. I was born in New York City in 1917 and three plus years later my brother Norman arrived in Paterson, N.J. where two of mother's brothers were surgeons."
- Ellis, Robert. "F. Scott Fitzgerald's Hackensack days", The Record (Bergen County), January 5, 2004. Accessed November 11, 2015. "He had come to Jersey City from Hackensack. Before Scott Fitzgerald, young, unpublished, unknown, became Scott Fitzgerald, chronicler of the Jazz Age whose gin, bootleggers, speakeasies, and morning-after squint he illuminated, before Scott and his wife Zelda caroused in the fountain at The Plaza Hotel, before all the novels that would eventually make him the quintessentially American novelist of his generation, there was only Scott and Hackensack, his true lost city."
- Fitzgerald, Francis Scott; Bruccoli, Matthew Joseph; Baughman, Judith. Conversations with F. Scott Fitzgerald, P. 35. University of Missouri Press, 2004. ISBN 9781578066056. Accessed November 11, 2015.
- Zinser, Lynn. "Pro Football; For Giants' Finn, There's No Place Like Home", The New York Times, September 6, 2003. Accessed April 4, 2012. "At 26, Finn has come home. He lives in Hackensack, N.J., a short drive from the stadium and a short drive from his family."
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- Staff. "Raiders, 49ers Await Decision", Contra Costa Times, September 12, 2001. Accessed April 4, 2012. "Tuesday also was the regular day off for the 49ers, though a few players did briefly show up at the team's Santa Clara headquarters, including safety Lance Schulters and right guard Dave Fiore, who grew up in Brooklyn, NY, and Hackensack, NJ, respectively."
- "Fitzhugh, Author, Is Victim Of Stroke At Oradell Home", copy of article from The Record (Bergen County), July 7, 1950. Accessed April 2, 2008.
- Wojnarowski, Adrian. "Fontana fulfilling dream in Italy", The Record (Bergen County), February 21, 2006. Accessed April 4, 2012. "Figure skater Silvia Fontana, right, a resident of Hackensack, enjoying a break from training with her coach, Robin Wagner."
- Staff. "Chet Forte, 60, Is Dead; An Innovative TV Director", The New York Times, May 20, 1996. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Fulvio Chester Forte Jr. was born Aug. 7, 1935, in Hackensack, N.J., the only child of a sports-loving mother and a physician. The class president at Hackensack High School, he became an all-America player at Columbia despite being 5 feet 7 inches and 145 pounds."
- Forbus, Jason. Contract Killing in the Information Age, p. 22. Lulu Press, 2015. ISBN 9781326480042. Accessed March 31, 2016. "Frankos was born in 1938 in Hackensack, New Jersey, to a Greek father and an Italian mother."
- Schudel, Matt. "Bob Franks, four-term congressman from N.J., dies at 58", The Washington Post, April 12, 2010. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Robert Douglas Franks was born in Hackensack, N.J., and graduated from DePauw University in Indiana. He received a law degree from Southern Methodist University in Dallas in 1976, then returned to New Jersey to work as a political consultant."
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- Kuzma, David. "Inventory to the Dean A. Gallo Congressional Papers", Rutgers University. Accessed October 26, 2013. "1935: On November 23rd, Dean Anderson Gallo is born in Hackensack, New Jersey."
- Iorfida, Chris. "Rochette 3rd behind Kim, Asada", CBC Sports, February 24, 2010. Accessed April 10, 2011. "Gedevanishvili lives in Hackensack, N.J., training under former skater Robin Wagner, who coached 2002 gold medallist Sarah Hughes."
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- Borden, Sam. "Giambi one of many questions as Bombers return in 2005", New York Daily News, February 13, 2005. Accessed April 10, 2011. "The biggest competition this spring will be for the backup outfield spot, with incumbent Bubba Crosby trying to keep his job against several other candidates including Hackensack product Doug Glanville or the group of relievers (oft-injured Steve Karsay, among them) vying for a less visible role in the bullpen."
- Junior Glymph, National Football League. Accessed October 26, 2013.
- "Hackensack appoints city's first African American public defender", Community News, September 20, 2013, backed up by the Internet Archive as of August 8, 2016. Accessed January 30, 2018. "Without realizing it, Navarro Gray made history when he was named the city’s public defender — becoming the first African-American to hold this position in Hackensack. Before graduating from Hampton University Cum Laude and Hofstra University School of Law, Gray attended Fairmont Elementary School and Hackensack High School — having graduated from the latter in 1997."
- Lindsey, Caroline. "Veteran Musician Grisman Continues Innovation", Greensboro News & Record, August 14, 2003. Accessed July 5, 2008.
- Bill Hands, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed June 1, 2015.
- Chet Hanulak, NFL.com. Accessed July 12, 2016.
- Staff. "Harry Harper To Wed This Winter", The Day (New London), Harry Harper, the left handed pitcher of the Washington baseball club, has been recently engaged to a Hackensack young woman... The wedding will take place during the winter at his hometown, Hackensack."
- Archibald C. Hart, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed July 28, 2007.
- Staff. "Hart Wins Election M'Clave Defeated; Democrat Goes to Congress from Sixth Jersey District – Congratulated by Wilson.", The New York Times, July 23, 1913. Accessed April 4, 2012. "Archibald C. Hart of Hackensack, Bergen County, was chosen Congressman for the Sixth New Jersey district at the special election to-day to succeed the late Congressman James Martin of Sussex County."
- Matt Herr Archived 2007-12-05 at the Wayback Machine. Legends of Hockey. Accessed December 18, 2007.
- "Ex-NHL Player Matt Herr Named Executive Director Of UPMC Lemieux Sports Complex", Pittsburgh Penguins, May 5, 2015. Accessed September 13, 2015. "The native of Hackensack, NJ played 58 NHL games over parts of four seasons with the Washington Capitals, Florida Panthers and Boston Bruins."
- Cherpak, Evelyn M., ed. The Memoirs of Admiral H. Kent Hewitt, p. 15. Naval War College Press, 2004. ISBN 1-884733-20-4. Accessed September 13, 2015. "I was born on February 11, 1887, in my maternal grandfather's house on what was then known as Kent place on Polifly Road (or Terrace Avenue), about a tenth of a mile south of Essex Street in the southern outskirts of Hackensack, New Jersey."
- John Huyler, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 2, 2007.
- Mark Ingram, National Football League. Accessed May 28, 2013.
- Connor Jaeger, United States Olympic Committee. Accessed August 8, 2016.
- Howie Janotta, Real GM. Accessed May 12, 2016.
- Eric Karros Stats, Baseball Almanac. Accessed December 3, 2012.
- Downey, Mike. "Next Up For Tyson: Go, Xena!", Lakeland Ledger, August 8, 2004. Accessed December 5, 2012. "It's OK with me if Karros – who was born in Hackensack, N.J. – gets to play for the Greeks because of his heritage."
- Malone, Noreen. "Jersey Housewife Nabbed Red-Handed; Yippy dogs, sticky fingers.", New York (magazine), April 1, 2012. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Make of it what you will that the woman crowned the 'Queen of Hackensack' was a petty thief with high-flying social aspirations and a taste for small yippy dogs who was eventually brought down by her gaudy taste in jewelry. It was in the 1860s, long before The Real Housewives of New Jersey, that Lena Kleinschmidt acquired her title."
- Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey, 2000, p. 241. Fitzgerald's, 2000. ISBN 9781577410959 Accessed November 15, 2017. "Louis F. Kosco, Rep., Paramus - Assemblyman Kosco was born in Hackensack on June 5, 1932."
- "Marc Kudisch", Playbill. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Born: Sep 22, 1966 in Hackensack, NJ, USA"
- Rohan, Virginia. "Ex-North Jersey lawyer presides over new show 'Paternity Court'", The Record (Bergen County), September 21, 2013. Accessed May 12, 2016. "She moved to Teaneck, Hackensack, then back to Teaneck, then Edgewater and Cliffside Park, while also practicing law in the area."
- Staff. "Digital Media Masters; Rich Lefurgy", Advertising Age, September 23, 1996. Accessed September 12, 2017. "Title: VP-director of advertising and marketing, Starwave Corp., Seattle Age/bio: 40; born in Hackensack, N.J."
- A Thousand American Men of Mark To-day, p. 260. Accessed November 15, 2017. "William Alexander Linn Lawyer, Banker, Author of Hackensack, N.J. was born Sept 4. 1846, in Sussex, N.J"
- John Maessner, University of Central Missouri, November 1, 2014. Accessed May 12, 2016. "A native of Hackensack, New Jersey, Maessner graduated Virginia in 1992."
- Martin, Douglas. "Hugh McCracken, 70, Who Made His Sound in Studios", The New York Times, April 6, 2013. Accessed August 26, 2018. "Hugh Carmine McCracken was born on March 31, 1942, in Glen Ridge, N.J., and grew up in nearby Hackensack."
- Degener, Richard. "'Forgotten War' Remembered / Cape Korean War Vets Honored At Naval Air Station Wildwood", The Press of Atlantic City, May 9, 2004. Accessed April 3, 2012. "'We left in silence and returned in deeper silence,' James McEachin said. The Hollywood actor and author of six books was the featured speaker at Korea Day. The Hackensack native volunteered to go to Korea and in October 1951, after segregated basic training in Fort Dix with the Army's all-black 24th Regiment..."
- Staff. "Earl Schenck Miers Dies at 62; Wrote on Civil War and Lincoln", The New York Times, November 19, 1972. Accessed August 26, 2018. "Edison, N.J. Nov. 18 – Earl Schenck Miers was born in Brooklyn on May 27, 1910, and grew up in Hackensack."
- Saxon, Wolfgang. "E. Frederic Morrow, 88, Aide In Eisenhower Administration", The New York Times, July 21, 1994. Accessed November 25, 2017. "The son of a Methodist minister, Everett Frederic Morrow was born in Hackensack, N.J., and earned his bachelor and Doctor of Laws degrees at Rutgers University."
- 'Morrow, John Howard (1910-2000)", BlackPast.org. Accessed November 25, 2017. "He was born John Howard Morrow on February 5, 1910 in Hackensack, New Jersey to John and Mary Hayes Morrow."
- Kelly, Devin. "Don Nelson dies at 86; writer for 'Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet'; Screenwriter Don Nelson, younger brother of Ozzie Nelson, contributed to more than 200 episodes of the popular TV show 'Ozzie and Harriet.' He was also a jazz singer and saxophonist.", Los Angeles Times, September 11, 2013. Accessed May 11, 2017. "Donald Richard Nelson was born Jan. 20, 1927, in Hackensack, N.J., and grew up in the nearby borough of Tenafly."
- Martin, Douglas. "Dick Newick, Sailboat Design Visionary, Dies at 87", The New York Times, September 15, 2013. Accessed September 27, 2015. "Richard Cooper Newick, who his family said died of heart failure, was born in Hackensack, N.J., on May 9, 1926. He grew up in Rutherford, N.J., where at age 10 he built two kayaks with his father and brother."
- Leebaert, Derek. To Dare and to Conquer: Special Operations and the Destiny of Nations, from Achilles to Al Qaeda, p. 511. Little, Brown and Company, 2006. ISBN 9780316143844. Accessed May 12, 2016. "... 'Mister Nichols', a hefty, thirty-seven-year-old former motor-pool sergeant from Hackensack, New Jersey, with a sixth-grade education. Donald Nichols was known in the ghost world Donald Nichols was known in the ghost world where he thrived as 'Lawrence of Korea'..."
- Naanes, Marlene; and Koloff, Abbott. "Bergen County native leading investigation of Colorado theater massacre", The Record (Bergen County), July 23, 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 13, 2013. Accessed November 25, 2017. "Daniel Oates, who, as the chief of police in Aurora, Colo., is in charge of investigating the most extensive mass shooting in the nation's history, grew up in Midland Park.... Oates was born in Hackensack and lived in Oradell before his family moved to Midland Park, his parents said.... He graduated from St. Joseph's Regional High School in 1973 and attended college at Bucknell University in Pennsylvania, where he majored in English."
- Daniel Oates Resume[permanent dead link]. University of Colorado. Accessed July 27, 2013
- Staff. "Frederick A. Ober Dead.; Noted Ornithologist and Explorer, Who Discovered New Bird Species.", The New York Times, June 2, 1913. Accessed April 10, 2011.
- Koloff, Abbott. "Trouble again finds ex-Hackensack High School football standout", The Record (Bergen County), June 30, 2013. Accessed May 12, 2016. "As he prepared for the biggest break of his young life, Ausar Walcott told football players at his alma mater, Hackensack High School, about a bad decision that nearly cost him his football career."
- Payload Specialist Astronaut Bio: William A. Pailes, NASA. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Born June 26, 1952, in Hackensack, New Jersey, but considers Kinnelon, New Jersey, to be his hometown."
- Burstyn, Joan N. Past and Promise; Lives of New Jersey Women, p. 373. Syracuse University Press, 1996. ISBN 9780815604181. Accessed November 25, 2017. "Nelle Katherine (Morrow) Parker was the first African-American public school teacher in Bergen County, NJ.... Parker was born August 27, 1902, in Hackensack, NJ, the second child and only daughter of John Eugene and Mary Ann (Hayes) Morrow."
- "Randi Patterson Named Second Team All-American by College Soccer News", UNCG Spartans, March 28, 2005. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Patterson, a native of Hackensack, NJ, was named the 2004 Southern Conference Player of the Year where he led the league in goals scored (19) and points (46)."
- Staff. "Randolph E. Paul Dies At Hearing; Roosevelt Adviser on Taxes Stricken While Testifying on U.S. Fiscal Policy Began as Phone Operator", The New York Times, February 7, 1956. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Mr. Paul was born in hackensack, N. J., Aug. 8, 1890, and worked his way through Amherst College."
- Rising Star Chef Melissa Perello of Frances - Biography, StarChefs, November 2011. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Born in Hackensack, New Jersey, Perello knew at a young age that she wanted to be a chef."
- Smith, Steve. Stan Pitula, Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Stanley Pitula Jr. was born March 23, 1931, in Hackensack, New Jersey."
- The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography, p. 224. J. T. White Company, 1910. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Poor, Charles Lane, astronomer and scientist, was born in Hackensack, N. J., Jan. 18, 1866."
- Willie Prall, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed May 12, 2016.
- Sir George Prévost, National Park Service. Accessed May 12, 2016. "Place of Birth: Hackensack, Colony of New Jersey"
- America on the Move: Other Early Trips, Smithsonian Institution. Accessed May 12, 2016. "In 1909, Alice Huyler Ramsey, of Hackensack, New Jersey, became the first woman to drive across the United States."
- Official Congressional Directory, Volume 65, p. 65. United States Congress. Accessed May 12, 2016. "John Rathbone Ramsey, Republican, of Hackensack, was born at Wyckoff, N. J., April 25, 1862, the son of John F. and Martha (Rathbone) Ramsey, and spent much of his early life with his maternal grandfather John V. Rathbone in Parkersburg, W. Va. where he received a private-school education."
- Frank, Steve. "Goodbye to 'The New Yorker'", The Jerusalem Post, April 30, 2012. Accessed May 12, 2016. "One can only surmise that Remnick is working out his own conflicted identity issues (Remnick was born of Jewish parents in Hackensack, New Jersey) on the company dime."
- Lossing, Benson John. History of New York City: Embracing an Outline Sketch of Events from 1609 to 1830, and a Full Account of Its Development from 1830 to 1884, Volume 1, p. 119. A.S. Barnes & Company, 1884. Accessed May 17, 2016. "Nicholas Romayne, M.D., was born in Hackensack, N.J., in September 1756 and studied medicine under Dr. Peter Wilson."
- Gavin, John A. "Harrison 'Hatch' Rosdahl, ex-pro football player, at 62", The Record (Bergen County), June 18, 2004. Accessed July 31, 2014. "Ridgefield Park – Harrison 'Hatch' Rosdahl, a professional football player for seven years, died from injuries suffered in a fall at his home Tuesday. He was 62. Mr. Rosdahl was born in Hackensack."
- Mike Portnoy, amazingdrumgod.blogspot.com, September 22, 2007. Accessed November 2, 2013
- Staff. drumstudio.ca Archived 2013-11-04 at the Wayback Machine.. Accessed November 2, 2013
- About Wally, WallySchirra.com. Accessed May 18, 2016. "Born March 12, 1923, in Hackensack, New Jersey."
- Savage, Brett. "Jersey's Other Space Pioneer: Wally Schirra; To commemorate Jersey astronaut Wally Schirrra's historic first mission in space, we present a list of his notable space-age achievements.", New Jersey Monthly, September 10, 2012. Accessed May 17, 2016. "That honor belongs to Hackensack-born Wally Schirra, who on October 3, 1962, became the fifth American to orbit the earth as part of the original Project Mercury team."
- "Extension Oral History Project - Walt Schroeder – Part 1", Oregon Digital, October 28, 2007. Accessed May 17, 2016. "Well, I was born in a little town, at that time, called Hackensack, New Jersey which was the county seat of Bergen County."
- Dave Scott Archived 2008-01-21 at the Wayback Machine., database Football. Accessed January 16, 2008.
- Adel TANKOVA / Ronald ZILBERBERG, International Skating Union. Accessed February 17, 2018.
- Staff. "Samoan Governor Commits Suicide; Naval Commander Terhune of Hackensack, N.J., Shoots Himself When Suspended. was to face an inquiry Troubles with Natives Led to Charges Against His Administration There.", The New York Times, November 6, 1920. Accessed May 17, 2016.
- Staff. "Russell Thacher, 71, Producer and Writer", The New York Times, October 4, 1990. Accessed November 25, 2017. "He was born in Hackensack, N.J., and was a graduate of Bucknell University. In World War II, he served as an ensign in the Navy."
- Aberback, Brian. "Hackensack native Joe Lynn Turner credits Bergen upbringing for his international music career", The Record, February 24, 2016, backed up by the Internet Archive as of August 8, 2016. Accessed November 25, 2017. "Hackensack native Joe Lynn Turner says his prolific career as a solo artist, singer with the legendary English rock bands Deep Purple and Rainbow, and backing vocalist on albums by high-profile artists like Billy Joel can be traced to his Bergen County upbringing."
- Zan, Stewart. "The state of jazz: Meet 40 more Jersey greats", The Star-Ledger, September 28, 2003. Accessed June 14, 2007.
- Phelan, J. Greg. "He Helped Put the Blue in Blue Note", The New York Times, May 22, 2005. Accessed April 4, 2012. "He opened it in 1959, after spending most of the 1950's recording people like Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis and Cannonball Adderley in his parents' living room in Hackensack and refining the sound of recorded jazz working with Alfred Lion of Blue Note Records and other producers."
- Cushman, Paul. Richard Varick: A Forgotten Founding Father, SUNY Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9772337-6-2. Accessed May 18, 2016. "Born in 1753 to a prominent Dutch-American family in Hackensack, New Jersey, Richard Varick became a lawyer, then a Patriot officer in the American Revolutionary War."
- Staff. "Charles H. Voorhis A Suicide.; Was Formerly a Congressman and a New-Jersey Judge.", The New York Times, April 16, 1896. Accessed May 17, 2016. ""Charles H. Voorhis was born in Hackensack sixty-four years ago."
- Weber, Bruce. "Douglas Watt, New York Theater Critic, Dies at 95", The New York Times, October 2, 2009. Accessed April 3, 2012. "Douglas Benjamin Watt was born in the Bronx on Jan. 20, 1914, and he grew up in Hackensack and Ridgewood, N. J."
- Lelinwalla, Mark. "Where are they now? Former Liberty guard Teresa Weatherspoon", New York Daily News, January 31, 2009. Accessed April 10, 2011. "'I love New York City,' added Weatherspoon, 43, who resides in Hackensack, N.J. 'Anything they need I'm there. That's where my heart is forever, in a Liberty uniform.'"
- Beckerman, Jim. "Mountain's Leslie West releases new solo album", The Record (Bergen County), October 30, 2013. Accessed May 17, 2016. "'To me, 1969 was the beginning of all this,' says Mountain's ('Mississippi Queen,' 'Nantucket Sleighride') ace guitar-slinger, Leslie West, who partly grew up in Hackensack."
- "WIDNALL, William Beck, (1906 - 1983)", Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed May 18, 2016. "WIDNALL, William Beck, a Representative from New Jersey; born in Hackensack, Bergen County, N.J., March 17, 1906"
- Dr. Anna Wessels Williams, United States National Library of Medicine. Accessed May 17, 2016. "Anna Wessels Williams was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, in 1863, to Jane Van Saun, and William Williams."
- Broussard, Chris. "Why Pros Spent 20 Years Shunning High Schoolers", The New York Times, November 16, 2003. Accessed April 3, 2012. "Willoughby, 46, now lives in relative anonymity in a two-bedroom apartment in Hackensack, N.J."
- Spelling, Ian. "Broadcast Newsman: WCBS-TV's Chris Wragge is anchored in Bergen", (201) magazine, February 1, 2009, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 26, 2011. Accessed July 30, 2018. "Chris Wragge knows his way around this county. The popular WCBS-TV news anchor was born in Hackensack, raised in Rutherford and moved to Mahwah when he was in sixth grade."
- Municipal Incorporations of the State of New Jersey (according to Counties) prepared by the Division of Local Government, Department of the Treasury (New Jersey); December 1, 1958.
- Clayton, W. Woodford; and Nelson, Nelson. History of Bergen and Passaic Counties, New Jersey, with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. Philadelphia: Everts and Peck, 1882.
- Harvey, Cornelius Burnham (ed.), Genealogical History of Hudson and Bergen Counties, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Genealogical Publishing Co., 1900.
- Lark, Terry (editor), Hackensack – Heritage to Horizons, The Hackensack Bicentennial Committee, The City of Hackensack, 1976
- Van Valen, James M. History of Bergen County, New Jersey. New York: New Jersey Publishing and Engraving Co., 1900.
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