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A haat bazaar, most often called simply haat or hat, is an open-air market  that serves as a trading venue for local people in rural areas and some towns of Nepal, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh. 
Haat bazaars are conducted on a regular basis, i.e. once, twice, or three times a week and in some places every two weeks. At times, haat bazaars are organized in a different manner, to support or promote trading by and with rural people.
In addition to providing trading opportunities, haat bazaars gradually concentrate rural settlements and convert villages into small towns. In Eastern Nepal, most of the towns are named after the weekly haat. Aaitabare, Sombare, Mangalbare, Budhabare, Bihibare, Sukrabare, and Sanischare are some common Nepali town names that are named for the day of the weekly haat. Panchami, Nawamidanda, and Saptami are towns named after the fortnightly haats, according to the Hindu lunar calendar.
India's Largest Haat Bazaar is Gohpur Haat Bazaar from Gohpur in Assam.
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