Haßloch (or Hassloch) is a municipality in the Bad Dürkheim district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. Unlike most municipalities in the district, it does not belong to any Verbandsgemeinde – a type of collective municipality. It lies near the Mannheim/Ludwigshafen built-up area. The municipality has grown out of a single centre and is thus sometimes styled “Germany’s biggest village”. Haßloch is the Bad Dürkheim district's biggest municipality, exceeding even the namesake district seat. The village has at its disposal well developed infrastructure with educational and shopping facilities; the region's surrounding centres can in the main be reached within 20 minutes.

Haßloch
Hassloch 01.jpg
Coat of arms of Haßloch
Location of Haßloch within Bad Dürkheim district
Bad DürkheimGrünstadtGrünstadtHaßlochMeckenheimNiederkirchen bei DeidesheimRuppertsbergForst an der WeinstraßeDeidesheimWattenheimHettenleidelheimTiefenthalCarlsbergAltleiningenEllerstadtGönnheimFriedelsheimWachenheimElmsteinWeidenthalNeidenfelsLindenbergLambrechtFrankeneckEsthalKindenheimBockenheim an der WeinstraßeQuirnheimMertesheimEbertsheimObrigheimObersülzenDirmsteinGerolsheimLaumersheimGroßkarlbachBissersheimKirchheim an der WeinstraßeKleinkarlbachNeuleiningenBattenbergNeuleiningenKirchheim an der WeinstraßeWeisenheim am SandWeisenheim am SandWeisenheim am SandErpolzheimBobenheim am BergBobenheim am BergDackenheimDackenheimFreinsheimFreinsheimHerxheim am BergHerxheim am BergHerxheim am BergKallstadtKallstadtWeisenheim am BergWeisenheim am BergAlzey-WormsWormsLudwigshafenFrankenthalRhein-Pfalz-KreisGermersheim (district)Neustadt an der WeinstraßeSüdliche WeinstraßeLandauKaiserslauternKaiserslautern (district)DonnersbergkreisKaiserslauternSüdwestpfalzHaßloch in DÜW.svg
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Haßloch is located in Germany
Haßloch
Haßloch
Haßloch is located in Rhineland-Palatinate
Haßloch
Haßloch
Coordinates: 49°21′47″N 8°15′21″E / 49.36306°N 8.25583°E / 49.36306; 8.25583Coordinates: 49°21′47″N 8°15′21″E / 49.36306°N 8.25583°E / 49.36306; 8.25583
CountryGermany
StateRhineland-Palatinate
DistrictBad Dürkheim
Government
 • Mayor (2020–28) Tobias Meyer[1] (CDU)
Area
 • Total39.95 km2 (15.42 sq mi)
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[2]
 • Total20,195
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
67454
Dialling codes06324
Vehicle registrationDÜW
Websitewww.hassloch.de

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Haßloch lies east of Neustadt an der Weinstraße and is part of the Rhine-Neckar urban agglomeration southwest of Mannheim and Ludwigshafen. It also lies on the Mannheim–Kaiserslautern line. At the municipality's northern limit runs Autobahn A 65, and from there it is 25 km to either Ludwigshafen or Mannheim. Haßloch is on the whole a continuous built-up area, although Haßloch's southeasternmost neighbourhood, the Wehlachsiedlung, lies somewhat apart from the main centre.[citation needed]

HistoryEdit

Haßloch's beginnings stretch at least as far back as Roman times with settlement activity by the Romans known to have been taking place about AD 400. About 500, the Alamanni were driven out of the area by the Franks. The village itself came into being sometime about 600, with its first documentary mention – as Hasalaha – coming in 773 or 774.

In 985, Haßloch was one of the many villages in the region subject to the Salischer Kirchenraub, or “Salian Church Robbery”, a land grab in which Otto I, Duke of Carinthia took over ownership of various landholdings formerly belonging to the Weißenburg Monastery (in the town now called Wissembourg in Alsace, France) on the Upper and Middle Rhine.

Some time between 900 and 1000, Haßloch became an Imperial Village. In 1186, Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa spent the night in Haßloch. In 1330, Emperor Louis the Bavarian pledged Haßloch to the Electorate of the Palatinate, who then in turn pledged three fourths of this pledge to the Counts of Leiningen in the same year.

In 1621, during the Thirty Years' War, Haßloch was laid waste by the Spaniards. In 1689, it met the same fate again, more than once, in the Nine Years' War (known in Germany as the Pfälzischer Erbfolgekrieg, or War of the Palatine Succession), this time at the hands of the Spaniards and the French.

In 1797 came an end to the joint rule by the Electorate of the Palatinate and the Counts of Leiningen. Haßloch – along with the rest of the region – was annexed to France.

In 1815 or 1816, as a result of the Congress of Vienna, the Leiningen holdings, along with the Palatinate, passed to the Kingdom of Bavaria, remaining Bavarian until the end of the Second World War. In 1843, the Pfälzische Ludwigsbahn (railway) was built.

In 1945, Haßloch became part of the French Zone of Occupation and the next year, part of the new state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

In 1969, the old district of Neustadt an der Weinstraße was abolished and Haßloch was assigned to the newly created district of Bad Dürkheim.

ReligionEdit

Haßloch, because it was ruled by the Counts of Leiningen, is a Protestant community. This can even be seen in the church buildings. All the oldest ones – Christuskirche (“Christ Church” or “Church of Christ”), Lutherkirche and Pauluskirche (“Saint Paul’s”) are Evangelical, whereas only the two newer ones – St. Gallus and St. Ulrich – belong to the Catholic parish.

Population developmentEdit

(each time at 31 December)

  • 1998 – 20,708
  • 1999 – 20,747
  • 2000 – 20,781
  • 2001 – 20,826
  • 2002 – 20,809
  • 2003 – 20,789
  • 2004 – 20,785
  • 2005 – 20,722

Origin of the nameEdit

The former Old High German city name 'Hasalaha' means something like 'water flowing through hazel bushes'. 'Hasal' is the Old High German term for the hazel bush, 'aha' means something like 'water' or 'stream'. Due to sound shifts and changing the spelling, the name 'Haselach' first emerged (documented around 900) and finally the present place name 'Haßloch'.[citation needed]

PoliticsEdit

Municipal councilEdit

The council is made up of 36 volunteer council members, who were elected at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the full-time mayor as chairman.

The municipal election held on 7 June 2009 yielded the following results:[3]

  SPD CDU GRÜNE LINKE HLL FWG DUH Total
2009 11 13 3 1 4 3 1 36 seats
2004 13 17 2 - 4 - - 36 seats

Youth municipal councilEdit

The Haßloch Youth Municipal Council (Jugendgemeinderat Haßloch, until 1999 known as the Kinder- & Jugendgemeinderat Haßloch, or the Child and Youth Municipal Council) was enacted and established by Municipal Council on 17 May 1995. The initiative for this came from Youth Department head Jürgen Hurrle who complained that many measures were being enacted that affected youth without including these people in the decision-making process. In one of the first youth municipal councils in Rhineland-Palatinate, he took on a guiding function in the years that followed.

The Youth Municipal Council represents in an advisory capacity the needs and interests of Haßloch's youths in the municipality, either independently or through the permanent members on the social board and the partnership advisory body. It is supposed to acquaint youth with democratic decision-making structures and awaken interest in civic topics. It is a non-partisan board and is made up of 15 members (as of 2006).

Further activities in which the Youth Municipal Council engages are:

  • activities against racism;
  • podium discussions before elections;
  • sporting events (football and beach volleyball tournaments);
  • leisure events and festivals.

VolunteeringEdit

The Lokales Bündnis für Familie (“Local Alliance for Family”) has been active in Haßloch since 2006. It promotes families and volunteer work in collaboration with politics, administration, citizens, educational institutions and clubs.

Coat of armsEdit

The municipality's arms might be described thus: Per fess in chief per pale sable a lion rampant Or armed, langued and crowned gules and azure three eagles displayed argent armed and langued of the third, two in pale in dexter and one in sinister, in base argent the letter S turned backwards of the first.

The arms were designed in 1926 by the Munich Main State Archive and officially conferred in 1938. They show the gold Palatine Lion and next to this the three silver eagles borne as arms by the Counts of Leiningen. The double hook, as it is taken to be, which looks like the letter Ƨ, goes back to a court seal from the time when Haßloch was a pledged holding. Heraldry of the World, quoting another source, furthermore says that the Ƨ is a symbol that was used on “borderstones and decorations” beginning in the 18th century.[4]

Town partnershipsEdit

Haßloch fosters partnerships with the following places:

Economy and infrastructureEdit

In Haßloch, the better part of the resident industry is in metalworking. This is shown in the three “great” production companies in Haßloch (Ball-Packaging, Gottlieb Duttenhöfer GmbH and Dinex Deutschland GmbH).

In Haßloch stands one of the world's biggest and most modern drink can factories, Ball Packaging Europe. Among other things, the first half-litre can (a beer can) was made in Haßloch.

Haßloch, along with the neighbouring municipality of Böhl-Iggelheim, is also home to one of the 28 “open channels” in Rhineland-Palatinate. This regional broadcaster allows communal coverage by citizens for citizens.

Haßloch as a test marketEdit

Haßloch is a test market for new brandname items and consumer products: At Haßloch retailers’ shops, products are available in advance that are only to be introduced into the rest of Germany in the future. On the local cable television network, specially made commercials for these products are shown, and individual newspapers (such as Hörzu and Bunte) are published for Haßloch with special advertisements for the new products. Moreover, some citizens hold cards with barcodes that can be scanned with every purchase so that an individual household's shopping habits can be tracked.

The Gesellschaft für Konsumforschung (“Company for Consumer Research”, GfK) can thereby tell how tested products are being received by customers. The research that the GfK does here matches later market data with an accuracy of 90%.

Haßloch was chosen because this place exhibits a population structure that, by various criteria, comes quite close to the German average, for instance in its age structure and social classes. Haßloch's structure is also midway between a town and a village.[5][6]

TransportEdit

Haßloch has at its disposal good transport links towards the region's centre (Mannheim/Ludwigshafen/Heidelberg), be it by Autobahn A 65 or the RheinNeckar S-Bahn. S-Bahn lines S1, S2 – and mornings and evenings S3 and S4 – run every 15 minutes during peak times from Haßloch station.

Public institutionsEdit

Available weekdays to Haßloch's citizens is the citizens’ office for all questions and applications.

EducationEdit

Given its size, Haßloch can be said to have many educational institutions.

Notable peopleEdit

Sons and daughters of the townEdit

  • Theo Becker (1927–2006), oenologist, for three decades Grand Master of the Wine Brotherhood of the Palatinate
  • Jakob Klaus (1788–1855), barber and compiler of memoirs about his participation in the Peninsular War
  • Eduard Ohlinger (1967–2004), weightlifter and Olympian

Famous people associated with the municipalityEdit

  • Johann Michael Hartung (1708–1763), master organ builder, built the organ in Haßloch in 1751

Further readingEdit

  • Joachim Kuntz: Der Gemeindewald von Hassloch. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Kommunalwaldes in Rheinland-Pfalz mit wirtschaftlichem Schwerpunkt. Forstgeschichte in Rheinland-Pfalz, Nr. 2. Arbeitskreis Forstgeschichte in Rheinland-Pfalz, Haßloch 1995, 291 (26) S.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Meyer offiziell im Amt". Die Rheinpfalz (in German). 17 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand 2020, Kreise, Gemeinden, Verbandsgemeinden". Statistisches Landesamt Rheinland-Pfalz (in German). 2021.
  3. ^ "Kommunalwahl Rheinland-Pfalz 2009, Gemeinderat" (in German). Wahlen.rlp.de. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
  4. ^ "Description and explanation of Haßloch's arms". Ngw.nl. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
  5. ^ "BR-Online". Br-online.de. Archived from the original on 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2013-12-27.
  6. ^ "Focus" (in German). Focus.de. 2008-12-21. Retrieved 2013-12-27.

External linksEdit