HMS Queen was a 110-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 15 May 1839 at Portsmouth. She was the last purely sailing-built battleship to be ordered. Subsequent ones were ordered with both sails and steam engines. All British battleships were constructed with sailing rig until the 1870s. HMS Queen had an auxiliary steam engine fitted in late 1850s. She was broken up in 1871.

HMS Queen, Flagship of Vice Admiral Sir Edward Rich Owen, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean fleet, leaving Malta (Robert Strickland Thomas, 1842)
United Kingdom
NameHMS Queen
Ordered29 October 1827
BuilderPortsmouth Dockyard
Laid downNovember 1833
Launched15 May 1839
FateBroken up, 1871
NotesScrew ship from 1859
General characteristics [1]
Class and type110-gun first-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen3104 bm
  • originally 204 ft 2+12 in (62.2 m) (gundeck)
  • 166 ft 5+14 in (50.7 m) (keel)
  • as converted 216 ft 7+12 in (66.0 m) (gundeck)
  • 174 ft 1+34 in (53.1 m) (keel)
Beam60 ft 0+12 in (18.3 m)
Depth of hold23 ft 9 in (7.2 m)
PropulsionSails (and screw later)
  • (originally) 110 guns:
  • Lower Gundeck: 28 × 32-pdrs, 2 × 68-pdr carronades
  • Middle gundeck: 28 × 32-pdrs, 2 × 68-pdr carronades
  • Upper gundeck: 32 × 32-pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 32-pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 32-pdrs, 2 × 68-pdr carronades
  • Poop deck: 4 × 18-pdrs
  • (as converted to screw propulsion) 86 guns:
  • Lower gundeck: 30 × 8-inch shell guns
  • Upper gundeck: 32 × 32-pdrs
  • Quarterdeck and forecastle: 22 × 32-pdrs, 2 × 68 pdrs

Ordered edit

She was ordered in 1827 under the name Royal Frederick, but renamed on 12 April 1839 while still on the stocks in honour of the recently enthroned Queen Victoria. She was originally ordered as the final ship of the broadened Caledonia class, but on 3 September 1833 she was re-ordered to a new design by Sir William Symonds.

This was the only ship completed to this Symonds draught, although three other sister ships were originally ordered to the same design; of these a ship originally ordered at Portsmouth Dockyard on 12 September 1833 as Royal Sovereign took over the name Royal Frederick on 12 April 1839, and was eventually completed as a screw battleship under the name of Frederick William. Of the remaining two intended sister ships, both ordered from Pembroke Dockyard on 3 October 1833, Algiers was eventually completed as a 90-gun screw battleship, while Victoria was eventually completed as a 90-gun screw battleship under the name Windsor Castle.[1]

In 1842 she was visited by Queen Victoria.

Crimean War edit

Queen and the Allied Fleets anchored in the Bosphorus, late 1853; the prelude to the Crimean war. Giuseppe Schranz

Queen was engaged in the Bombardment of Sevastopol on 17 October 1854 during the Crimean War under Captain Frederick Thomas Michell.[2] She was set on fire three times and eventually forced to withdraw from the action. The famous Timothy the tortoise, who was about 160 years old when she [sic] died in 2004, was the ship's mascot during this time.[3]

Refitted edit

Between August 1858 and April 1859 Queen had an auxiliary steam engine fitted, and at the same time was cut down from three decks to two gundecks, and re-armed as an 86-gun ship. She was fitted with a Maudslay, Sons and Field 500 nhp engine and single screw propulsion.[1] Now, being able to cruise at 10.5 knots (12.1 mph; 19.4 km/h), she was commissioned into the Mediterranean Fleet until 1864.

Broken up edit

The ship was broken up in 1871 at Surrey Canal Wharf in Rotherhithe, on the River Thames.[1][4]

Breaking up of the ship

Notes edit

  1. ^ a b c d Lyon & Winfield, The Sail & Steam Navy List 1815–1889.
  2. ^ Duckers, The Crimean War at Sea, Appendix 1.
  3. ^ "Timmy the tortoise dies aged 160". BBC News. 7 April 2004.
  4. ^ Rankin, Stuart (July 2004). Shipyards, Granaries and Wharves, Maritime Rotherhithe, History Walk B. London: Southwark Council. ISBN 0-905849-37-X. Archived from the original on 8 June 2011.

References edit

  • Duckers, Peter (2011) The Crimean War at Sea: The Naval Campaigns against Russia, 1854-56. Pen & Sword Maritime. ISBN 1-84884-267-8.
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line – Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650–1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Lyon, David and Winfield, Rif (2004) The Sail and Steam Navy List, 1815–1889. Chatham Publishing. ISBN 1-86176-032-9.
  • Bonhams, Lot notes for the painting of HMS Queen leaving Malta, by Robert Strickland Thomas.