HMS Plumper (1848)
HMS Plumper was an 8-gun wooden screw sloop of the Royal Navy, the fifth and last ship to bear the name. Launched in 1848, she served three commissions, firstly on the West Indies and North American Station, then on the West Africa Station and finally in the Pacific Station. It was during her last commission as a survey ship that she left her most enduring legacy; in charting the west coast of British Columbia she left her name and those of her ship's company scattered across the charts of the region. She paid off for the last time in 1861 and was finally sold for breaking up in 1865.
|Laid down:||October 1847|
|Launched:||5 April 1848|
|Commissioned:||17 December 1848|
|Fate:||Sold for breaking 2 June 1865|
|General characteristics |
|Tons burthen:||490 24/94 bm|
|Length:||140 ft 0 in (42.7 m)|
|Beam:||27 ft 10 in (8.5 m)|
|Draught:||11 ft 4 1⁄2 in (3.5 m)|
|Installed power:||148 ihp (110 kW)|
|Sail plan:||Barque rig|
|Speed:||7.4 kn (13.7 km/h) under power|
The Admiralty originally ordered the ship on 25 April 1847 from Woolwich Dockyard as the steam schooner Pincher. She was re-ordered from Portsmouth Dockyard as the screw sloop Plumper on 12 August 1847 to a design by John Fincham, and laid down in October that year. She was launched on 5 April 1848 at Portsmouth and commissioned under Commander Mathew Nolloth on 17 December.
Plumper was the only ship ever built to the design. She was constructed of wood, was 140 feet 0 inches (42.7 m) long and 27 feet 10 inches (8.5 m) in the beam, and drew 11 feet 4 1⁄2 inches (3.467 m). This hull gave her a displacement of 577 tons.
She was powered by a Miller, Ravenhill & Co two-cylinder vertical single-expansion steam engine driving a single screw. Developing 148 indicated horsepower, this unit was capable of driving her at 7.4 knots (13.7 km/h). Illustrations show her with a barque rig, although this may have been a later alteration.
First commission (1848–1853)Edit
After commissioning at Portsmouth, Plumper joined the Channel Fleet under Admiral Sir Charles Napier, and in January 1849 was sent to the North America and West Indies Station. Curiously, a report was published in the Illustrated London News on 14 April 1849 of a sighting of a sea serpent off the Portuguese Coast.
|“||On the morning of the 31st December, 1848, in lat. 41° 13'N., and long. 12° 31'W., being nearly due west of Oporto, I saw a long black creature with a sharp head, moving slowly, I should think about two knots ... its back was about twenty feet if not more above water; and its head, as near as I could judge, from six to eight...There was something on its back that appeared like a mane, and, as it moved through the water, kept washing about; but before I could examine it more closely, it was too far astern||”|
|— "A Naval Officer"|
On 25 June 1850, she ran aground and was damaged off Digby, Nova Scotia, British North America. She was refloated and taken in to Digby for repairs. In June 1851 she deployed to the south-east coast of America and during this period she captured the slavers Flor-do-Mar on 14 June 1851 and Sarah on 9 June 1851 (with HMS Cormorant).
Second commission (1853–1856)Edit
Plumper recommissioned at Portsmouth on 1 August 1853 under Commander Wharton for service on the west coast of Africa. At the time, the West Africa Squadron was employed overwhelmingly in anti-slavery patrols, and the London Gazette records the capture of a slaving vessel of unknown name by Plumper on 19 October 1855. From 5 April 1855 she was commanded by Commander William Henry Haswell and she paid off at Portsmouth on 9 December 1856.
Third commission (1857–1861)Edit
For her third commission, the Plumper was converted to a survey ship, and it is probable that her armament was increased at this time to 12 guns. Her captain from 1857 until January 1861 was Captain George Henry Richards. She was used to survey the coast of British Columbia, in particular the Fraser River, Burrard Inlet, Howe Sound, Sunshine Coast, Victoria and Esquimalt. The Plumper, having embarked a company of Royal Marines, was involved in the Pig War crisis between the United States and Britain in 1859; along with Tribune, which was commanded by Captain Geoffrey Hornby, the Plumper and HMS Satellite were dispatched by Governor James Douglas to prevent American soldiers from erecting fortifications on San Juan Island and bringing in reinforcements.
Francis Brockton was the ship's engineer under Captain Richards when, in 1859, Brockton found a vein of coal in the Vancouver area. After the discovery, which Richards reported to Governor James Douglas, Richards named the area of the find Coal Harbour and named Brockton Point, at the east end of what is now Stanley Park in Vancouver, after Francis Brockton.
Commander Anthony Hoskins brought HMS Hecate out to the Pacific Station and swapped commands with Richards, taking command of the Plumper in January 1861. He then returned to the United Kingdom, paying the ship off at Portsmouth on 2 July 1861.
Several significant features of the coast of British Columbia are named after Plumper, including Plumper Sound in the Southern Gulf Islands region of British Columbia and Plumper Cove at Keats Island (from which Plumper Cove Marine Provincial Park takes its name). Other features were named after the ship's company, including:
- Campbell River, British Columbia for Dr Samuel Campbell, the ship's surgeon.
- Pender Island and Pender Harbour, British Columbia for Daniel Pender.
- Mayne Island for Lieutenant Richard Charles Mayne.
- Brockton Point for the ship's engineer, Francis Brockton.
- Mudge Island for William Fitzwilliam Mudge, a ship's officer.
|6 November 1848||6 January 1853||Commander Mathew Stainton Nolloth|
|1 August 1853||Commander John Anthony Lawrence Wharton|
|5 April 1855||9 December 1856||Commander William Henry Haswell|
|1857||January 1861||Captain George Henry Richards|
|January 1861||2 July 1861||Commander Anthony Hiley Hoskins|
- "32-pounder" denotes the weight of projectile fired, 56 (or 25) cwt is the weight of the gun ("cwt" = hundredweight)
- Winfield, R.; Lyon, D. (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8., p. 271
- The Times. London. 6 April 1848. p. 8. Missing or empty
- Illustrated London News, 14 April 1849
- "Ship News". The Standard (8114). London. 14 August 1850.
- "HMS PLumper at William Loney website". Retrieved 13 November 2009.
- "No. 21649". The London Gazette. 9 January 1855. p. 108.
- "No. 21714". The London Gazette. 18 May 1855. p. 1935.
- "HMS Plumper at the Naval Database". Retrieved 13 November 2009.
- "No. 22023". The London Gazette. 21 July 1857. p. 2517.
- Little, Gary. "Capt. George Henry Richards: 1860 Sunshine Coast Survey"
- "San Juan Island Pig War – Part 1 at History Link website". Retrieved 13 November 2009.
- "Brockton Point, BC at Lighthouse Friends website". Retrieved 13 November 2009.
- "Town Crest – Town of Sidney website". Retrieved 17 May 2017.