HMS Frolic (1806)
HMS Frolic was an 18-gun Cruizer-class brig-sloop of the Royal Navy. She was built by Boole, of Bridport and was launched on 9 February 1806. Although she took part in the capture of Martinique, Guadaloupe, and Saint Martin, she appears to have had an uneventful career until 8 October 1812, when the American sloop-of-war USS Wasp captured her after a fierce fight. Later that day the British recaptured Frolic and captured Wasp. Frolic was broken up in 1813.
USS Wasp boarding HMS Frolic, attributed to Thomas Birch, c. 1815
|Launched:||9 February 1806|
|Captured:||1812 (and recaptured)|
|Fate:||Broken up November 1813|
|Class and type:||18-gun Cruizer-class brig-sloop|
|Tons burthen:||384 bm|
|Beam:||30 ft 6 in (9.3 m)|
|Depth of hold:||12 ft 9 in (3.9 m)|
On 26 October 1807, Tsar Alexander I of Russia declared war on Great Britain. The official news did not arrive there until 2 December, at which time the British declared an embargo on all Russian vessels in British ports. Frolic was one of some 70 vessels that shared in the seizure of the 44-gun Russian frigate Speshnoy (Speshnyy), then in Portsmouth harbour. The British seized the Russian storeship Wilhelmina (Vilghemina) at the same time. The Russian vessels were carrying the payroll for Vice-Admiral Dmitry Senyavin’s squadron in the Mediterranean.[Note 1]
Frolic, under Commander Thomas Whinyates, sailed for the West Indies on 21 February 1808. There she participated in the Invasion of Martinique in February 1809, and then in the invasion of Guadeloupe.[Note 2] In 1847 the Admiralty authorized the issuance of the Naval General Service Medal with clasps "Martinique" and "Guadaloupe".
On 14 June 1810, Frolic and Freya (or Freija) arrived at Sombrero Island in the West Indies. The Admiralty had sent them there to assess separately and independently the survival prospects for someone landed at this place without food and water. Captain Warwick Lake of Recruit had marooned an impressed seaman, Robert Jeffrey, there on 13 December 1807, and was now the subject of an Admiralty investigation. They reported back that survival prospects were poor. As it turned out, Jeffrey was alive, a passing American vessel having rescued him. Still, a court-martial dismissed Lake from the Royal Navy.
Frolic vs. WaspEdit
In October 1812 the Frolic was serving on the North American station, protecting a convoy of six merchantmen off Virginia. On a passage from the Bay of Honduras, a gale dispersed the convoy and carried away Frolic's main top yard and sprung her main top mast.
On 18 October, while the convoy was reassembling and Frolic was working on the damage, a strange sail was spotted. Frolic sent the convoy on its way and hoisted a Spanish ensign as a ruse to buy time.
The strange sail turned out to be USS Wasp, of 18 guns, commanded by Jacob Jones. The ships closed. Initially Frolic fired more rapidly but less accurately, but the gale damage had rendered her unmanageable. Within 40 minutes Wasp had repeatedly raked Frolic, killing 15 and wounding 43 out of the 120 seamen and boys aboard, including Whinyates. The Americans boarded Frolic and all resistance stopped. The Americans had 5 killed and 5 wounded.
Frolic was only temporarily in American hands. Later that day the British 74-gun Poictiers captured both ships.[Note 3] Captain John Poo Beresford of Poictiers restored Whinyates to command of Frolic. The subsequent court martial for the loss of the ship honorably acquitted Whinyates, his officers and his men.
Frolic was recommissioned later in October under Lieutenant Andrew Mitchell (acting). His commission as commander was confirmed on 24 August 1813. Earlier, on 20 July 1813, Frolic was one of four British vessels sharing in the capture of the American ship Fame.
Frolic continued in service until being broken up at Portsmouth in November 1813. Her captured ensign was on display at Mahan Hall at the U.S. Naval Academy, but was removed on 27 February 2018 for preservation.
Notes, citations, and referencesEdit
- An able seaman on any one of the 70 British vessels received 14s 7½d in prize money.
- A first-class share of the prize money was worth £113 3s 1¾d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth £1 9s 5½d.
- A first-class share of the head money for the crew of Wasp, and the prize money for certain naval stores on Wasp and Frolic was worth £64 7s; a sixth-class share was worth 5s 9¾d.
- "No. 20939". The London Gazette. 26 January 1849. p. 242.
- "No. 20939". The London Gazette. 26 January 1849. p. 243.
- Peterson, 1857 pp.36-37
- "No. 16276". The London Gazette. 15 July 1809. p. 1129.
- Tredea & Sozaev (2010), p. 198 & p.391.
- "No. 16195". The London Gazette. 25 October 1808. p. 1460.
- "No. 16718". The London Gazette. 6 April 1813. pp. 704–705.
- "No. 16938". The London Gazette. 24 September 1814. pp. 1923–1924.
- Mayo (1897), Vol. 2, p.300.
- "No. 16356". The London Gazette. 31 March 1810. p. 487.
- Derriman (2006), pp. 108-11.
- Derriman (2006).
- "No. 16684". The London Gazette. 22 December 1812. pp. 2568–2569.
- Gossett (1986), p.86.
- "No. 17419". The London Gazette. 17 November 1818. p. 2051.
- James (1837), Vol. 6, p.112.
- Winfield (2008), p.297.
- "No. 16847". The London Gazette. 22 January 1814. p. 191.
- "U.S. Naval Academy Museum". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Derriman, James (2006). Marooned: the story of a Cornish seaman. Clifton-upon-Teme: Polperro Heritage Press. ISBN 0-85937-356-8.
- Gossett, William Patrick (1986). The lost ships of the Royal Navy, 1793-1900. London: Mansell Publishers. ISBN 0-7201-1816-6.
- James, William (1837). The Naval History of Great Britain, from the Declaration of War by France in 1793, to the Accession of George IV. 6. R. Bentley.
- Mayo, John Horsley (1897). Medals and decorations of the British Army and Navy. London: A. Constable.
- Peterson, Charles Jacobs (1857). The American navy: being an authentic history of the United States navy ... Philadelphia: Jas. B. Smith & Co.
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.