HMS Cassandra (R62)

HMS Cassandra was a C-class destroyer of the Royal Navy, ordered in February 1942 from Yarrow Shipbuilders.[1] She was originally to be named HMS Tourmaline but this was changed to Cassandra in November 1942 to fit her revised class name. She was laid down on 30 January 1943 and launched on 29 November 1943.[1]

HMS Cassandra 1944 IWM F 7624.jpg
History
United Kingdom
NameHMS Cassandra
OrderedFebruary 1942
BuilderYarrow Shipbuilders, Scotstoun
Laid down30 January 1943
Launched29 November 1943
Completed28 July 1944
Commissioned28 July 1944
Renamed
  • Ordered as HMS Tourmaline
  • Renamed HMS Cassandra in November 1942
IdentificationPennant number: R62 initially, but changed to D10 in 1945
MottoFuriosior undis: 'More mad than the waves'
Honours and
awards
Arctic 1944
FateArrived at breaker's yard for scrapping on 28 April 1967
BadgeOn a Field Blue, a woman's head affronte with two snakes wreathed round her neck and poised about her ears all Proper.
General characteristics
Class and typeC-class destroyer
Displacement1,710 tons (standard) 2,520 tons (full)
Length363 ft (111 m) o/a
Beam35.75 ft (10.90 m)
Draught
  • 10 ft (3.0 m) light,
  • 14.5 ft (4.4 m) full
Propulsion
  • 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers,
  • Parsons geared steam turbines,
  • 40,000 shp (30,000 kW), 2 shafts
Speed37 knots (69 km/h)
Range615 tons oil, 1,400 nautical miles (2,600 km) at 32 knots (59 km/h)
Complement186
Armament

Wartime serviceEdit

After her commissioning, she served primarily in Northern waters, escorting Russian convoys and was engaged in the search for the German battleship Tirpitz.[1] On 11 December 1944, she was hit by a torpedo from the U-boat U-365 under the command of Oberleutnant zur See Diether Todenhagen.[2] 62 men died in the attack and she was towed, first by the frigate Bahamas and then by a Soviet Navy tugboat to Kola Inlet.[3] U-365 was sunk with all hands two days later by a Fairey Swordfish launched from the aircraft carrier Campania.[2]

Post war serviceEdit

 
HMS Cassandra, taken from HMS Centaur, c1964

After the war, Cassandra's repairs were completed and she was placed in reserve in 1946.[4] She then served in the Mediterranean Sea and Indian Ocean. Cassandra was modernised by Yarrow and Company. This involved her being fitted with an enclosed bridge and Squid anti-submarine mortars. One set of torpedo tubes and 'X' gun turret were removed at this time.

She re-entered service in April 1960 and was allocated for service in the Far East as part of the 8th Destroyer Squadron.[5] In late June 1961, in response to Iraqi threats to annex Kuwait, Cassandra was ordered to reinforce British naval forces in the Persian Gulf as part of Operation Vantage, arriving on 7 July. The British response successfully deterred Iraq from invading Kuwait, and Cassandra was relieved by the frigate Blackpool on 29 July, allowing the destroyer to return to the Far East station.[6] Cassandra covered 50,000 miles during a commission in 1962-3 which took her from the Far East and returning to Portsmouth.[7] In February 1963 the ship became part of the 21st Destroyer Squadron in the Mediterranean.[5] In 1964 and 1965 she served in the Mediterranean and the Far East, including service in the Indonesian Confrontation.

The destroyer was placed in reserve until paying off in January 1966. Cassandra arrived at the breaker's yard of Thos. W. Ward at Inverkeithing for scrapping on 28 April 1967.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Mason, Geoffrey B. (2004). Gordon Smith (ed.). "HMS Cassandra (R 62) - Ca-class Destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Lt-Cdr Bill Henley". Daily Telegraph. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  3. ^ "HMS Cassandra (R 62)". uboat.net. Retrieved 20 May 2015.
  4. ^ Marriott, Leo (1989). Royal Navy Destroyers Since 1945. Ian Allan Ltd. pp. 57–62.
  5. ^ a b Critchley 1982, p. 87
  6. ^ "Fifty-five days at sea out of fifty-six". Navy News. October 1961. p. 1. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  7. ^ "H.M.S. Cassandra April 1962 - May 1963" (PDF). Gale & Polden Ltd. Retrieved 20 May 2015.

PublicationsEdit