HIT Entertainment Ltd. (styled "HiT") is a British–American entertainment company owned by Mattel and originally established in 1983 from Henson International Television (formerly styled "hit!"). It was founded as the international distribution arm of Jim Henson Productions. HIT owns and distributes children's television series, including the shows Barney & Friends, Bob the Builder, Thomas & Friends, Fireman Sam, Angelina Ballerina and more.
Logo used since 2007
|Henson International Television (1983–89)|
Number of locations
|Television Production, Children's Animation, Production|
Number of employees
Independent era (1983–2005)Edit
Jim Henson Productions started negotiations with The Walt Disney Company regarding a possible purchase of the company in the late 1980s. Because of these negotiations, Henson International Television head Peter Orton led a management buyout of the Henson International Television division from Henson in 1989, forming a new company named HiT Entertainment.
HiT continued distributing programming by initially signing for the Postman Pat and Alvin & the Chipmunks series. The company then financed and distributed animated features The Wind in the Willows and Peter Rabbit. In 1990, Flextech took a 23% share in HiT for about £600,000. The HiT Wildlife division was soon set up to produce nature and wildlife programming which provided the company with 35% of its revenue by the mid-1990s. HiT also handled international distribution for Lyrick Studios' Barney & Friends. With the success of Barney, HiT began to develop its own programming for the pre-school market. By 1996, HiT was listed on the AIM to raise funding to develop these programs. HiT used the funding to launch HiT Video, which only produced direct to video programming in the UK. Bob the Builder was one franchise that HiT purchased TV rights for. With another offering in 1997, HiT increased its capitalization and moved to the primary London Stock Exchange. HIT used this funding to develop Brambly Hedge, Percy the Park Keeper, and Kipper, which became its first hit on ITV.
In 1998, HIT formed its own animation production company, HOT Animation, with Katherine Yung and Julie Hinds as leads, and its Consumers Product Division. Also, BBC signed on as the broadcaster for Bob the Builder. HiT signed a series of USA broadcasting deals starting with Nickelodeon for Kipper and expanded to Starz/Encore (Brambly Hedge and Percy the Park Keeper respectively), HBO Family (Anthony Ant) and Animal Planet channel (Wylands Ocean World). Kipper also won the 1998 BAFTA award for Best Children's Animation. To end the year, HIT offered another group of shares.
HIT opened 1999 with 10 first run TV series in the USA and started its consumer products USA subsidiary. In April, Bob the Builder debuted on the BBC as a hit. In July, the company made another public offering of stock. A USA deal for Bob was signed in December with Nickelodeon to start airing in January 2001. Mattel signed a five-year licensing agreement for its development Angelina Ballerina series.
In January 2000, the company split its share five-for-one. HiT, which has been looking for an acquisition for a while, began talks with Thomas the Tank Engine owner, Britt Allcroft, early in the year, but it fell apart as they could not agree on a price. Bob the Builder continued its success with the number one record in December.
HiT acquired Lyrick Studios in February 2001 while using Lyrick's money, losing publishing operations and extending its Barney-PBS deal. In May, the first Bob the Builder video was released in the USA while the company signed a deal with Sears to have "Bob Shops" in the retail's stores. With the Henson Company's owner EM.TV in financial trouble over its purchase of 50% share in Formula One racing rights, HiT joined a number of companies willing to purchase Henson. In October 2001, HiT's bid for Pingu BV was accepted.
In April 2002, HIT Entertainment sold their HIT Wildlife division to the newly-formed Parthenon Entertainment, which was owned by the former managing director of Hit Wildlife, Carl Hall. 30 hours of programming in production and its 300-hour library was transferred over in the management buyout agreement.
After two years of bids from HiT, Gullane Entertainment's board agreed to be the purchase in 2002 when no white knight could be found. In August 2002, HIT Entertainment Canada, Inc. officially opened its office in Toronto.
On April 1, 2004, HiT and The Jim Henson Company agreed to a five-year global distribution and production deal which included distribution of 440 hours of the Henson Company's remaining library include Fraggle Rock, Emmet Otter's Jug-Band Christmas, The Hoobs puppets and the Jim Henson's Mother Goose Stories. While firing its chief executive Rob Lawes in October 2004, the company announced its launching of PBS Kids Sprout with partners PBS, Comcast and Sesame Workshop.
Apax era (2005–2012)Edit
In 2006, HiT closed its DVD sales and distribution arm in the US and contracted to 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment for DVD distribution. HiT continues to sell and distribute its own DVD output in the UK.
In 2008, HiT named former Nickelodeon executive Jeff Dunn as chief executive and moved its DVD distribution to Lionsgate Home Entertainment. Dunn led the company to create new characters, including Mike the Knight, and revitalize existing brands. In February, HiT sold Guinness World Records, acquired with Gullane, to Ripley Entertainment. They also sold the rights to the Sooty property and characters to his current presenter, Richard Cadell, after putting the rights to Sooty up for sale in October 2007.
In March 2009, HiT Entertainment started a division called HiT Movies, based in Los Angeles, with Julia Pistor as head, to create movies based on the company's franchises. First planned movie adaptation was for live action Thomas & Friends in late 2010.
In April 2011, Apax put HiT up for sale, with an option to sell the company in two parts: The Thomas & Friends franchise and the other HiT characters with its Kids Sprout stake. Expected bidders were Disney, Viacom, Mattel, Hasbro, Classic Media (now known as DreamWorks Classics), Chorion and Saban Brands. By April 2011, Fireman Sam was revitalised enough to be a Top 10 UK best-selling character toy according to NPD Group.
Mattel era (2012–present)Edit
Apax Partners agreed to sell HiT Entertainment to Mattel in October 2011 for $680 million. Its share of Sprout was not included in the deal. The sale/merger was completed on February 1, 2012, and HIT Entertainment became a wholly owned subsidiary of Mattel, managed under its Fisher-Price unit. The Mike the Knight show aired on CBeebies later in the year.
HiT announced a DVD distribution deal with Universal Pictures Home Entertainment on May 2, 2014. In early summer 2015, amusement park Edaville USA opened a licensed theme area called Thomas Land, based on Thomas & Friends. In March 2016, Hit was transferred to Mattel Creations division, a division created to bring all content creation units together under Mattel’s Chief Content Officer Catherine Balsam-Schwaber.
- "HIT Entertainment PLC History". Company Profiles. fundinguniverse.com. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- Garside, Juliette (April 17, 2011). "How to get Hit Entertainment back on track?". Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Godfrey, Leigh (August 22, 2002). "HIT Entertainment Canada Opens Its Doors". AWN. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "Our Brands". Corporate. HiT Entertainment. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- "Pingu sold for £16m". Business. BBC News. 2001-10-29. Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- Winstone, Keely (29 April 2002). "Ex-Hit Wildlife man firms up Parthenon". C21media. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
- Cassy, John (6 July 2002). "Gullane gives in to Barney bid". Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- "CCI takes Gullane titles back from Hit". c21media.net. May 26, 2003. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Rossingh, Danielle (April 2, 2004). "HIT seals deal for Henson catalogue". Telegraph. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- Martinson, Jane (21 October 2004). "HIT fires chief who pulled off US deal". Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Garside, Juliette (13 April 2011). "Thomas the Tank Engine and Bob the Builder may part company in HIT sale". Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Chala, Jean K. (February 28, 2009). Transnational Television in Europe: Reconfiguring Global Communications Networks. I.B.Tauris. pp. 123–124.
- Allen, Katie (14 February 2008). "Guinness world records brand sold to Ripley's for £60m". Guardian. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Afan, Emily Claire (March 4, 2009). "HIT goes to the movies with newly formed film division". kidscreen.com. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Hayes, Dade (4 March 2009). "Hit Entertainment gets into movie biz". Variety. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- KELL, JOHN (October 25, 2011). "Mattel to Buy HIT Entertainment". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "Hit pulls out of JimJam JV". Digital TV Europe. TBIvision. October 22, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "Barbie maker Mattel to buy Thomas the Tank Engine owner". BBC News. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011.
- Szalai, Georg (January 31, 2012). "Mattel's Acquisition of 'Thomas & Friends' Maker HIT Entertainment to Close on Wednesday". Hollywoodreporter.com. Retrieved 8 April 2013.
- "HIT Lays Tracks for Thomas Land". License! Global Magazine. UBM. June 17, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2016.
- McLean, Thomas J. (May 2, 2014). "HIT Taps Universal for Home Entertainment Distribution". Animation Magazine. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (March 31, 2016). "Mattel Creations Formed To Centralize Toy Giant’s Theatrical, TV & Digital Content". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Business Media, LLC. Retrieved June 6, 2016.