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Howard Hayes Scullard

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Howard Hayes Scullard (February 9, 1903 – March 31, 1983) FBA, FSA was a British historian specializing in ancient history, notable for editing the Oxford Classical Dictionary and for his many books.

Scullard's father was Herbert Hayes Scullard,[1] a minister, and his mother Barbara Louisa Dodds.

Born in Bedford, England, his early education was at Highgate School, followed by St. John's College, Cambridge. He was a tutor and then reader at New College London, from 1935 to 1959, when he became Professor of Ancient History at King's College London, retiring in 1970. He nonetheless remained active in retirement and notably wrote chapters for the re-edition of The Cambridge Ancient History, but his contributions to volumes VII and VIII were published posthumously.[2]

Perhaps his most widely known work is From the Gracchi to Nero: A History of Rome from 133 B.C. to A.D. 68, a text widely used by students studying Rome in the late republic, as well as Rome under the Julio-Claudians.[citation needed]


  • Scipio Africanus in the Second Punic War Thirlwall Prize Essay (University Press, Cambridge, 1930)
  • A history of the Roman world from 753 to 146 BC (Methuen, London, 1935; 4th edition, Routledge, 1982 and later printings)
  • editor (with H. E. Butler), Livy, Book XXX (Methuen, London, 1939)
  • Roman Politics 220-150 B. C. (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1951, re-edited 1973)
  • editor Atlas of the Classical World (Nelson, London and Edinburgh, 1959)
  • From the Gracchi to Nero: a history of Rome from 133 B.C. to A.D. 68 (Methuen, London, 1959; 5th edition, Routledge, 1980, and later printings)
  • editor, The grandeur that was Rome (Sidgwick and Jackson, London, 1961)
  • Shorter atlas of the classical world (Thomas Nelson and Sons, Edinburgh, 1962)
  • The Etruscan cities and Rome (Thames and Hudson, London, 1967)
  • Scipio Africanus: soldier and politician (Thames and Hudson, London, 1970)
  • editor (with N. G. L. Hammond), Oxford Classical Dictionary (Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1970)
  • The elephant in the Greek and Roman world (Thames and Hudson, London, 1974)
  • A history of Rome down to the reign of Constantine (Macmillan, London, 1975; this was the 3rd edition of Max Cary's [1881-1958] book, published originally in 1935 [2nd edition, 1954])
  • Roman Britain: outpost of the Empire (Thames and Hudson, London, 1979)
  • Festivals and ceremonies of the Roman Republic (Thames and Hudson, London, c1981)


  1. ^ "Scullard, Herbert Hayes (SCLT885HH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ A. E. Astin & F. W. Walbank, Cambridge Ancient History, vol. VII, Rome and the Mediterranean to 133 B.C., Cambridge University Press, 1989, p. xvi.
  • Necrology by F.W. Walbank in Proceedings of the British Academy 69, 595-610.