|Valide Hatun of the Ottoman Sultanate|
|Tenure||August 1444 ‒ September 1446|
Italy or Serbia
|Died||September 1449 (aged 38–39)|
Bursa, Ottoman Sultanate
Muradiye Complex, Bursa
She was a slave girl. Nothing is known of her family background, apart from the fact that an Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abdullah (daughter of Abdullah); at that time, people who converted to Islam were given the name Abdullah meaning Servant of God, which is evidence of her non-Muslim origin. Her name, hüma, means "bird of paradise", after the Persian legend. There are two traditions or theories on her origin: the first one argues that she was of Jewish origin; while the other suggests that she was of Serbian Christian origin. Lowry supports that she was of either Greek or Slavic descent, while the Turkish historian and professor, Ilber Ortayli, supports that she was of Slavic descent.
Hüma Hatun married Murad II. On 30 March 1432, she gave birth to her only son Mehmed the Conqueror. In 1438, Mehmed was circumcised along with his elder half-brother Şehzade Alaeddin. When Mehmed was 11 years old, he was sent to Manisa as a prince governor. Hüma followed her son to Manisa. In 1444, after the death of Mehmed's elder half-brother, Şehzade Alaeddin, Mehmed was the only heir left to the throne. The same year, Murad II deposed from the throne because the death of his son and depressed events he retreated to Manisa.
Her son Şehzade Mehmed succeeded the throne as Mehmed II. She held the Vâlide Hatun position for two years. In 1446, Murad took over the throne again, and Hüma and her son returned to Bursa. However, Mehmed succeeded the throne in 1451, after the death of his father, but she never became a Valide Hatun as she died before the accession. She was not alive to see the conquest of Constantinople, which became the capital of Ottoman Empire for nearly five centuries, before the Empire was abolished in 1922 and Turkey was officially declared as a republic.
She died in September 1449 in Bursa, two years before her son's second accession to the throne. Her tomb is located at the site known as "Hatuniye Kümbedi" (Hatuniye Tomb) to the east of Muradiye Complex, which was built by her son Mehmed. The quarter where her tomb lies has been known thus far as Hüma Hatun Quarter.
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