The Hörsel (German pronunciation (help·info)) is a 56 km (35 mi) long river in Thuringia, Germany, right tributary of the Werra. It is formed by the confluence of two smaller rivers in Leinatal, at the northern edge of the Thuringian Forest. The Hörsel flows generally northwest through the towns Hörselgau, Wutha-Farnroda and Eisenach. It flows into the Werra in Hörschel, a village near Eisenach.
The river Hörsel
|• location||Thuringian Forest|
|Length||56 km (35 mi)|
|Progression||Werra→ Weser→ North Sea|
As with many rivers, the name of the middle and lower reaches of the Hörsel was only extended to the upper reaches in the 20th century.
Kleine Leina und (Wilde) LeinaEdit
The Hörsel has its source as Kleine Leina in the Thuringian Forest in the immediate vicinity of the Rennsteig south of the 749 metre high Spießberga at the southern community border of Finsterbergen to Georgenthal. (both district of Gotha). The stream flows first to the northeast and passes different parts of Georgenthal.
After 8.4 kilometers of flow distance in the district Schönau vor dem Walde the Leinakanal branches off to the right. Shortly after, streams flow in from both sides. From Schönau vor dem Walde the small river turns to the north. In maps from the beginning of the 20th century the name Wilde Leina is written here. After the inflow of the Cumbach from Cumbach the name Leina-Hörsel. In the further course to the north the Schilfwasser coming from Ernstroda flows in from the left.
In Leinatal-Leina after 16.3 kilometres with the inflow of the Altenwasser (also: Altes Wasser, from right) the name Leina ends completely. From here the river is called Hörsel and its course turns to the northwest.
In Wahlwinkel and Hörselgau the Badewasser flows in two arms from left. After passing Fröttstädt, the Asse flows into Teutleben from the right. The Hörsel takes over the direction of flow to the west and, after the inflow of the Laucha, the Asse flows into the Laucha. Mechterstädt
When reaching the Wartburgkreises the river crosses under the Bundesautobahn 4, flows south past the Hörselbergen through the communities Hörselberg-Hainich (district Sättelstädt with the left-sided tributary Emse) and Wutha-Farnroda, where the Erbstrom flows into Wutha from the left.
Then the Hörsel reaches Eisenach, where it takes in from the right the approximately equally strong Nesse and the much smaller Michelsbach, from the left the Löbersbach and the Roten Bach. Further west, in the Eisenach district of Hörschel - - the place of origin of the Rennsteigs - is its estuary (waters) into the Werra.
The total length of the river "Kleine Leina-Hörsel" is 48.5 km, over the 52.6 km long Nesse the Hörsel is even about 62 km long.
The catchment area of the Hörsel is divided into two major landscapes. The headwaters Leina and left tributaries come from the Thuringian Forest, while all right tributaries come from the Thuringian Basin and its edge plates. Correspondingly, the upper reaches of the left tributaries are typical low mountain streams with deep gorges and a large bottom gradient, while the right tributaries are mostly lowland rivers with a small gradient, almost all of them flowing into the Hörsel via the Nesse. Today, their courses are mostly straightened and integrated into a system of drainage ditches.
The catchment area of the Nesse comprises 426.3 km2, 54.4% of the total catchment area of the Hörsel and 139.5% of the Hörsel catchment area above the Nesse estuary (305.6 km2). Thus, the Nesse brings about the same amount of water (3.14 m2/s) to unite with the Hörsel as the Hörsel itself (3.11 m2/s).
A pipeline from the Leina - and the (upper) Apfelstädt from the system Gera/Unstrut/Saale/Elbe - to the subsystem of the Nesse is the Leinakanal, which was already built in the Middle Ages to supply the city Gotha with water from the Thuringian Forest. The flow distance of the Hörsel over the upper reaches of the Leina, the Leina Canal, the Wilden Graben from the Leina Canal, the Nesse (middle and lower reaches) and the Hörsel Lower reaches is 8.4 + 29.5 + 9.8 + 26.0 = 73.3 km.
[m. above NN]
|Rauchenbach||left||2.8||Industrial area Eisenach-West||416-95?|
- "Digital collection of the Univ. Greifswald: Measuring table sheet Waltershausen-Friedrichroda from 1905". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
- Stream lengths according to geotracks (kmz, 150 kB)
- Thüringer Landesanstalt für Umwelt (publ.): Regional and Waterbody Figures (Gebiets- und Gewässerkennzahlen) - directory and map. Jena 1998, 26 pages.
- "Leina/Hörsel longitudinal section" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2015-04-14. Retrieved 2020-09-04.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) (TLUG Jena) - PDF, 66 kB
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation
- For better sortability, hyphens are inserted after the 416 (=Hörsel) for each one.
- The second arm Altes Badewasser flows into Hörselgau at about 299 m; above this the bathing water is 13.0 km long.
- The longitudinal section of TLUG Jena (see sources) shows 14.8 + 13.4 = 28.2 km2 for new and old bathing water.
- Length above "Great Cauldron"
- Löbersbach and Roter Bach both flow into the Eisenacher Mühlgraben (left side arm, 2,9 km), however, the Löbersbach is obviously not subordinate to its water body identification number (41694), since the sub-catchment area of the Hörsel between the Michelsbach estuary and the former Spicke reservoir - where the Mühlgraben flows into it - is only 11.6 km2, which clearly exceeds the sum of both stream catchment areas. Moreover, the Hörsel's sub-catchment area between the Nesse and Michelsbach estuary is 14.8 km2, which would not be possible on the right side of the Mühlgraben, due to the direction of the Michelsbach, so it must contain the Löbersbach. In former times, the Löbersbach and the Marienbach ran separately from each other; a branch canal that existed at times was called the "Suez Canal".
- The Rotebach drains the Georgental and now flows into the Mühlgraben at Festplatz Spicke, Adam-Opel-Straße, only about 40 m from its mouth into the (present) Hörsel.