Hörsel

The Hörsel (About this soundGerman pronunciation ) is a 56 km (35 mi) long river in Thuringia, Germany, right tributary of the Werra. It is formed by the confluence of two smaller rivers in Leinatal, at the northern edge of the Thuringian Forest. The Hörsel flows generally northwest through the towns Hörselgau, Wutha-Farnroda and Eisenach. It flows into the Werra in Hörschel, a village near Eisenach.

Hörsel
ESA HOERSELDEICH.jpg
The river Hörsel
Location
CountryGermany
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationThuringian Forest
Mouth 
 • location
Werra
 • coordinates
51°0′30″N 10°13′45″E / 51.00833°N 10.22917°E / 51.00833; 10.22917Coordinates: 51°0′30″N 10°13′45″E / 51.00833°N 10.22917°E / 51.00833; 10.22917
Length56 km (35 mi)
Basin features
ProgressionWerraWeserNorth Sea

CourseEdit

As with many rivers, the name of the middle and lower reaches of the Hörsel was only extended to the upper reaches in the 20th century.

Kleine Leina und (Wilde) LeinaEdit

 
branch of the Leina Channel between Engelsbach [de] and Schönau v. d. Walde

The Hörsel has its source as Kleine Leina in the Thuringian Forest in the immediate vicinity of the Rennsteig south of the 749 metre high Spießberga at the southern community border of Finsterbergen to Georgenthal. (both district of Gotha). The stream flows first to the northeast and passes different parts of Georgenthal.

After 8.4 kilometers of flow distance in the district Schönau vor dem Walde the Leinakanal branches off to the right. Shortly after, streams flow in from both sides. From Schönau vor dem Walde the small river turns to the north. In maps from the beginning of the 20th century the name Wilde Leina is written here. After the inflow of the Cumbach from Cumbach the name Leina-Hörsel.[1] In the further course to the north the Schilfwasser coming from Ernstroda flows in from the left.

HörselEdit

 
The Hörselaue in Schönau (Wutha-Farnroda)

In Leinatal-Leina after 16.3 kilometres with the inflow of the Altenwasser (also: Altes Wasser, from right) the name Leina ends completely. From here the river is called Hörsel and its course turns to the northwest.

In Wahlwinkel and Hörselgau the Badewasser flows in two arms from left. After passing Fröttstädt, the Asse flows into Teutleben from the right. The Hörsel takes over the direction of flow to the west and, after the inflow of the Laucha, the Asse flows into the Laucha. Mechterstädt

When reaching the Wartburgkreises the river crosses under the Bundesautobahn 4, flows south past the Hörselbergen through the communities Hörselberg-Hainich (district Sättelstädt with the left-sided tributary Emse) and Wutha-Farnroda, where the Erbstrom flows into Wutha from the left.

Then the Hörsel reaches Eisenach, where it takes in from the right the approximately equally strong Nesse and the much smaller Michelsbach, from the left the Löbersbach and the Roten Bach. Further west, in the Eisenach district of Hörschel - - the place of origin of the Rennsteigs - is its estuary (waters) into the Werra.

The total length of the river "Kleine Leina-Hörsel" is 48.5 km, over the 52.6 km long Nesse the Hörsel is even about 62 km long.

TributariesEdit

 
The so-called Bridge Totenbrücke over the Leina (Finsterbergen)
 
The Hörsel near Eisenach

The catchment area of the Hörsel is divided into two major landscapes. The headwaters Leina and left tributaries come from the Thuringian Forest, while all right tributaries come from the Thuringian Basin and its edge plates. Correspondingly, the upper reaches of the left tributaries are typical low mountain streams with deep gorges and a large bottom gradient, while the right tributaries are mostly lowland rivers with a small gradient, almost all of them flowing into the Hörsel via the Nesse. Today, their courses are mostly straightened and integrated into a system of drainage ditches.

The catchment area of the Nesse comprises 426.3 km2, 54.4% of the total catchment area of the Hörsel and 139.5% of the Hörsel catchment area above the Nesse estuary (305.6 km2). Thus, the Nesse brings about the same amount of water (3.14 m2/s) to unite with the Hörsel as the Hörsel itself (3.11 m2/s).

A pipeline from the Leina - and the (upper) Apfelstädt from the system Gera/Unstrut/Saale/Elbe - to the subsystem of the Nesse is the Leinakanal, which was already built in the Middle Ages to supply the city Gotha with water from the Thuringian Forest. The flow distance of the Hörsel over the upper reaches of the Leina, the Leina Canal, the Wilden Graben from the Leina Canal, the Nesse (middle and lower reaches) and the Hörsel Lower reaches is 8.4 + 29.5 + 9.8 + 26.0 = 73.3 km.

name


inflow-
side

length
[km]

[2]
catchment area
[km2]
[3][4]
Mouth
elevation
[m. above NN]
[5]
Mouth
location
(*: near)
DGKZ


[3][6]
Großer Frosch left 2.1 514 416-11?
Rösenbach left 2.1 458 above Finsterbergen 416-11?
Körnsbergwasser left 2.9 3.1 440 under Finsterbergen 416-11?
Sulzbach right 1.8 390 Engelsbach 416-11?
Schilfwasser left 11.2 14.3 338 Ernstroda* 416-12
Cumbach left 3.9 7.3 326 Cumbach* 416-1?
Altenwasser right 7.3 8.5 317 Leina 416-1?
Badewasser[7][8] left 10.7 24.1 302 Wahlwinkel 416-2
Dormbach[9] right 4.8 294 Fröttstädt 416-31?
Asse (Hörsel) right 6.0 14.2 287 Teutleben 416-32
Laucha left 13.9 30.4 277 Laucha* 416-4
Suelzenbach left 4.2 273 Mechterstädt 416-51?
Nußbach right 2.7 262 Hörselberg-Hainich-Burla* 416-51?
Emse left 14.2 42.2 260 Sättelstädt 416-52
Deubach. left 3.9 247 Wutha-Farnroda-Schönau 416-5?
Burbach right 1.4 240 Wutha-Farnroda-Kahlenberg 416-5?
Erbstrom left 13.7 58.4 234 Wutha-Farnroda 416-6
Fischbach left 3.5 3.1 228 Rothenhof (Eisenach-Ost) 416-72
Nesse right 54.5 426.3 215 Eisenach 416-8
Löbersbach[10] left 5.8 Eisenach 416-91?
Roter Bach[11] left 5.4 Eisenach 416-94?
Rauchenbach left 2.8 Industrial area Eisenach-West 416-95?
Borntal left 3.8 3.9 Stedtfeld 416-96

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Digital collection of the Univ. Greifswald: Measuring table sheet Waltershausen-Friedrichroda from 1905". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  2. ^ Stream lengths according to geotracks (kmz, 150 kB)
  3. ^ a b Thüringer Landesanstalt für Umwelt (publ.): Regional and Waterbody Figures (Gebiets- und Gewässerkennzahlen) - directory and map. Jena 1998, 26 pages.
  4. ^ "Leina/Hörsel longitudinal section" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2015-04-14. Retrieved 2020-09-04.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) (TLUG Jena) - PDF, 66 kB
  5. ^ Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation
  6. ^ For better sortability, hyphens are inserted after the 416 (=Hörsel) for each one.
  7. ^ The second arm Altes Badewasser flows into Hörselgau at about 299 m; above this the bathing water is 13.0 km long.
  8. ^ The longitudinal section of TLUG Jena (see sources) shows 14.8 + 13.4 = 28.2 km2 for new and old bathing water.
  9. ^ Length above "Great Cauldron"
  10. ^ Löbersbach and Roter Bach both flow into the Eisenacher Mühlgraben (left side arm, 2,9  km), however, the Löbersbach is obviously not subordinate to its water body identification number (41694), since the sub-catchment area of the Hörsel between the Michelsbach estuary and the former Spicke reservoir - where the Mühlgraben flows into it - is only 11.6 km2, which clearly exceeds the sum of both stream catchment areas. Moreover, the Hörsel's sub-catchment area between the Nesse and Michelsbach estuary is 14.8 km2, which would not be possible on the right side of the Mühlgraben, due to the direction of the Michelsbach, so it must contain the Löbersbach. In former times, the Löbersbach and the Marienbach ran separately from each other; a branch canal that existed at times was called the "Suez Canal".
  11. ^ The Rotebach drains the Georgental and now flows into the Mühlgraben at Festplatz Spicke, Adam-Opel-Straße, only about 40 m from its mouth into the (present) Hörsel.