Hôtel van Eetvelde
The Hôtel van Eetvelde (French: Hôtel van Eetvelde, Dutch: Hotel van Eetvelde) is a town house designed in 1895 by Victor Horta for Edmond van Eetvelde, administrator of Congo Free State. It is located at 4, avenue Palmerston/Palmerstonlaan in Brussels, Belgium.
|Hotel van Eetvelde|
|Architectural style||Art Nouveau|
|Location||City of Brussels, Brussels-Capital Region, Belgium|
|Client||Edmond van Eetvelde|
|Design and construction|
|Official name||Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels)|
|Criteria||i, ii, iv|
|Designated||2000 (24th session)|
|Region||Europe and North America|
Together with three other townhouses of Victor Horta, including Horta's own house and workshop, it was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2000, as the core of epoch-making urban residences Victor Horta designed before 1900.
The visible application of "industrial" materials, such as steel and glass, was a novel for prestigious private dwellings at the time. In the Hôtel van Eetvelde, Horta also used a hanging steel construction for the facade. The interior receives additional lighting through a central reception room covered by a stained glass cupola.
An extension to the house was designed by Horta in 1898. This building has a more conventional, beautifully detailed, sandstone facade. It was designed to house a garage, an office for van Eetvelde, as well as supporting apartments, and therefore had a separate entrance at 2, avenue Palmerston/Palmerstonlaan.
The Hotel van Eetvelde in Brussels was designed in 1898[sic] by Victor Horta, undoubtedly the key European Art Nouveau architect. While most other architects flirted with the new style, Horta found it gave the best expression to his ideas. His skill is demonstrated in his ability to slip his domestic designs into narrow constricted sites. The interiors become of great importance as centres of light, which permeates through the filigree domes and skylights—usually in the centre of the building. The Hotel van Eetvelde is a remarkable example of the way Horta handled the situation and used it to highlight the imposing staircase, which leads up to the first-floor reception rooms.
The four major town houses—Hôtel Tassel, Hôtel Solvay, Hôtel van Eetvelde, and Maison & Atelier Horta—located in Brussels and designed by the architect Victor Horta, one of the earliest initiators of Art Nouveau, are some of the most remarkable pioneering works of architecture of the end of the 19th century. The stylistic revolution represented by these works is characterised by their open plan, the diffusion of light, and the brilliant joining of the curved lines of decoration with the structure of the building.
- "Major Townhouses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels)". UNESCO. Retrieved 22 September 2017.
- Norwich, John (1975). Great Architecture of the World. New York: Random House. p. 224. ISBN 0-394-49887-9.
- Aubry, Françoise; Vandenbreeden, Jos (1996). Horta — Art Nouveau to Modernism. Ghent: Ludion Press. ISBN 0-8109-6333-7.
- Campbell, Gordon (2006). The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 490. ISBN 0-19-518948-5.
- Sembach, Klaus-Jurgen (2002). Art Nouveau. Köln: Taschen. p. 47. ISBN 3-8228-2022-9.
- Cuito, Aurora (2003). Victor Horta. City: Te Neues Publishing Company. ISBN 3-8238-5542-5.