Hôtel du Grand Orient de France

Hôtel du Grand Orient de France is a hôtel particulier located at 16 rue Cadet, in the 9th arrondissement of Paris, where the Grand Orient de France was established in 1853. The hotel also houses the Musée de la Franc-Maçonnerie.

Hôtel du Grand Orient de France
Hôtel du Grand Orient de France
Map
General information
LocationParis, France
Address9, rue Cadet
75009 Paris, France
ManagementGrand Orient de France

History edit

18th – 19th century edit

Originally belonging to the Grimaldi family,[1] the hotel was occupied notably by the Prince of Monaco in 1700, the Duke of Richelieu in 1725, and Marshal Clauzel in 1830.[2]

Under the leadership of its grand master Prince Murat, the Grand Orient of France acquired the hotel to settle there. The Masonic temple was solemnly inaugurated on June 30, 1853, on the summer solstice.[3]

In 1889, the Musée de la Franc-Maçonnerie was created in the building. Since 2003, it has benefited from the designation “museum of France”, issued by the Ministry of Culture.[4]

World War II edit

Freemasons being accused, like the Jews, of having started the Second World War, they were hunted down by Nazi Germany. Thus on June 18, 1940, from the first days of the occupation of Paris, the building was looted by Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg.

After the promulgation by the Vichy regime, which collaborated with the occupier, of the law of August 13, 1940 which prohibited secret societies,[5] all civil servants of the French state had to take an oath of non-membership in the latter. The building then became the headquarters of the Secret Societies Service from November 22, 1940.[6] Under the direction of Bernard Faÿ, with the help of around a hundred agents under the supervision of the SD, the SPSS was responsible for creating a file of Freemasons and lodges for the attention of the German and French police services.

After the World War II edit

Between 1969 and 1972, a curtain wall facade was placed on the original facade.[7]

On February 27, 2017, the hotel welcomed for the first time a President of the French Republic in the person of François Hollande.[8]

Architecture edit

The building has 17 temples, including:

References edit

  1. ^ Musée de la Franc-Maçonnerie
  2. ^ Henri Doisy, Les débuts d'une grande paroisse, Saint Vincent de Paul Montholon : Essai d'histoire locale d'après des documents pour la plupart inédits, Paris, Wolf, 1942
  3. ^ Pierre Chevallier, Histoire de la Franc-Maçonnerie française, vol. 2 : La Maçonnerie, missionnaire du libéralisme (1800-1877), Paris, Fayard, 1974, 556 p. (ISBN 2-213-00082-4).
  4. ^ André Combes, Histoire de la franc-maçonnerie au xixe siècle, vol. 1, Monaco/Paris, Le Rocher1998, 453 p. (ISBN 2-268-02791-0)
  5. ^ Loi du 13 août 1940 PORTANT INTERDICTION DES ASSOCIATIONS SECRETES, SEQUESTRE DES BIENS, LIQUIDATION
  6. ^ Le procès des dirigeants du service des sociétés secrètes
  7. ^ Paris et ses quartiers
  8. ^ Le Grand Orient accueille le Président de la République

External links edit


48°52′29″N 2°20′36″E / 48.8748°N 2.3432°E / 48.8748; 2.3432