Gyula Andrássy the Younger

Count Gyula Andrássy de Csíkszentkirály et Krasznahorka the Younger (Hungarian: Ifj. Andrássy Gyula; 30 June 1860 – 11 June 1929) was a Hungarian politician.

Gyula Andrássy, Jr.
Ifj. gróf Andrássy Gyula.jpg
Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary
In office
24 October 1918 – 2 November 1918
MonarchCharles I
Preceded byStephan Burián von Rajecz
Succeeded byLudwig von Flotow (liquidating)
Minister of the Interior of Hungary
In office
8 April 1906 – 17 January 1910
Prime MinisterSándor Wekerle
Preceded byJózsef Kristóffy
Succeeded byKároly Khuen-Héderváry
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary
In office
10 June 1894 – 15 January 1895
Prime MinisterSándor Wekerle
Preceded byLajos Tisza
Succeeded byGéza Fejérváry
Personal details
Born(1860-06-30)June 30, 1860
Tőketerebes, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire
Died11 June 1929(1929-06-11) (aged 68)
Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary
Political partyLiberal Party, Constitution Party, KNEP, Christian National Party
ProfessionPolitician

BiographyEdit

The second son of Count Gyula Andrássy and Countess Katinka Kendeffy, the younger Andrássy became under-secretary in the Sándor Wekerle ministry in 1892; in 1893, he became Minister of Education, and, in June 1894, he was appointed minister in attendance on the king, retiring in 1895 with Wekerle. In 1898, with his elder brother, he left the Liberal Party but returned to it after the fall of the Bánffy ministry. In 1905, he was one of the leaders of the Coalition which brought about the fall of the Liberal Tisza ministry. In 1906 he became Minister of the Interior in the compromise Wekerle cabinet and held that office until the fall of the ministry in 1909.

In 1912, he represented Austria-Hungary in the diplomatic endeavor to prevent the outbreak of the Balkan War. In 1915, he urged peacemaking and an extension of the franchise in Hungary. As Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary, in 1918, he declared the alliance with Germany dissolved and tried to conclude a separate peace. He retired from office in the same year was returned in 1920 to the National Assembly as non-partisan delegate. He subsequently became leader of the Christian National Party. He is the author of Ungarns Ausgleich mit Österreich vom Jahre 1867 (Ger. ed., Leipzig, 1897) and a work in Hungarian on the origins of the Hungarian state and constitution (Budapest, 1901). That book was translated into English and published as The Development of Hungarian Constitutional Liberty (London, 1908) His later works include Wer hat den Krieg verbrochen? Interessensolidarität des Deutschtums and Ungartums (translated by Ernest J. Euphrat and published in 1915 as "Whose Sin is the World-War?") and Diplomatie und Weltkrieg.[citation needed]

ReferencesEdit

  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. Missing or empty |title= (help)

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Lajos Tisza
Minister besides the King
1894–1895
Succeeded by
Géza Fejérváry
Preceded by
József Kristóffy
Minister of the Interior
1906–1910
Succeeded by
Károly Khuen-Héderváry
Preceded by
István Burián
Joint Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary
1918
Succeeded by
post abolished
Party political offices
Preceded by
New party
Chairman of the Constitution Party
1905–1906
Succeeded by
Kálmán Széll