Gygaea of Macedon

Gygaea (Greek: Γυγαίη) was a daughter of Amyntas I and sister of Alexander I of Macedon. She was given away in marriage by her brother to the Persian General Bubares.[1] Herodotus also mentions a son of Bubares and Gygaea, called Amyntas, who was later given the city Alabanda in Caria by Xerxes I (r. 486-465).[2][3]

There is also another Gygaea, second wife of Amyntas III of Macedon, whose son Menelaus was put to death by his half-brother Philip II in 347 BC.


  1. ^ Roisman & Worthington 2011, p. 343.
  2. ^ Roisman & Worthington 2011, p. 136.
  3. ^ Herodotus. Herodotus, The Histories, Book 5, chapter 21, section 2.


  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)