Gwynfe (About this soundWelsh pronunciation) or Capel Gwynfe is a small village in Carmarthenshire in the Brecon Beacons National Park. It is situated between Trichrug and the western slopes of the Black Mountain, to the west of the A4069 road about halfway between Llangadog and Brynamman. The village comprises a scattered collection of mostly nineteenth and twentieth-century housing that developed around several chapels.[1] The area around the village is mainly farmland and the village was 2004 'Village of the Year for Carmarthenshire'.[2] The village has a grade-two listed phone box now used as an information centre and a modern community hall built in 2001. The community association have erected 2 large woodcarvings of three red kites.[3]

Gwynfe
Gwynfe Church - geograph.org.uk - 145852.jpg
Gwynfe Church and Church Hall in 2006
Location of Gwynfe within Wales
Location of Gwynfe within Wales
Gwynfe
Location within Carmarthenshire
OS grid referenceSN720218
Community
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtSA19
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Carmarthenshire
51°52′54″N 3°51′25″W / 51.8816°N 3.8570°W / 51.8816; -3.8570Coordinates: 51°52′54″N 3°51′25″W / 51.8816°N 3.8570°W / 51.8816; -3.8570

HistoryEdit

The village developed with the founding of the turnpike road past the village church,[1] which is on a site continuously occupied by a church since around 1710. The current church was built in 1899. An older chapel of ease, built in around 1812, is now used as the church hall.[4] The village also has two chapels, Capel Maen dating from 1852, and Jerusalem chapel built in 1827.[5]

The 1870-72 Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales described Gwynfe chapelry as:[6]

Gwynfe, a chapelry in Llangadock parish, Carmarthen; under the Black Mountain, and near the Mid Wales railway, in the neighbourhood of Llangadock. Post town, Llangadock, under Carmarthen. Real property, £3,083. Pop., 1,354. Houses, 271. Gwynfe House is a chief residence. The living is a p. curacy in the diocese of St. Davids. Value, £107. Patron, the Vicar of Llangadock-Vawr.

— John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1870-72

The village previously had a number of services that are no longer present including 2 pubs, a school, 2 smithies, a corn mill and a woollen factory.[5]

Notable residentsEdit

  • The missionaries David Griffiths, William Griffiths and David Williams were born in the village.
  • The physician and manuscript collector Sir John Williams was born in the village at Bailey in 1840 as third son to David and Eleanor Williams of Blaenllynant where he was raised. He was physician accoucheur to Queen Mary from when she was the Duchess of York at the births of the later Kings Edward VIII and George VI; and he was Founder President from 1907 of the National Library of Wales and President from 1913 of the University College of Wales Aberystwyth, in both cases until his death at Aberystwyth in 1926.
  • Beriah Gwynfe Evans spent much of his life in the village and took it as part of his name. He was Gwynfe British School Schoolmaster during 1867 to 1882, followed by Cwmllwyd born John Williams during 1882 to 1909 - husband to Cwmsite born Elizabeth née Williams a granddaughter of Morgan Williams of Blaenllynant and Plasnewydd, who was elder brother of Sir John Williams's father David.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 233 LLANDDEUSANT - CAPEL-GWYNFE
  2. ^ "Llangadog, Capel Gwynfe and Bethlehem Community website". llangadog.com. 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  3. ^ Gwynfe Community Hall.
  4. ^ "Coflein". coflein.gov.uk. 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  5. ^ a b Some Captured History of Glanamman and Garnant
  6. ^ "History of Gwynfe in Carmarthenshire | Map and description". visionofbritain.org.uk. 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014.