Guy Vernor Henry

Guy Vernor Henry (March 9, 1839 – October 27, 1899) was an American military officer and Medal of Honor recipient who served as military governor of Puerto Rico.

Guy Vernor Henry
Guy V. Henry.jpg
Maj. Gen. Guy V. Henry
Born(1839-03-09)March 9, 1839
Fort Smith, Indian Territory (now Arkansas)
DiedOctober 27, 1899(1899-10-27) (aged 60)
New York City, New York
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States of America
Union
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
Years of service1861–1899
RankUnion Army major general rank insignia.svg Major general
UnitMassachusetts 40th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment
Commands held10th U.S. Cavalry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Indian Wars

Spanish–American War
AwardsMedal of Honor
Other workGovernor of Puerto Rico

BiographyEdit

Henry was born in Fort Smith, Indian Territory (now Arkansas), the son of William Seton Henry and Arietta Livingston Thompson Henry. His mother was the granddaughter of Vice President Daniel D. Tompkins and Secretary of the Navy and Supreme Court Justice Smith Thompson. He was a fifth great-grandson of Robert Livingston. William Seton Henry (1816–1851) was an 1835 graduate of the United States Military Academy, and attained the rank of Brevet Major for his service in the Mexican–American War. Guy V. Henry graduated from the United States Military Academy in May 1861, serving as a Union officer in the Civil War, and later in conflicts against the Native Americans in the West and southwest of the United States of America. From May 25, 1891, to October 3, 1894, while commanding the 7th Cavalry Regiment, he was also commander of Fort Myer, Virginia. During the Spanish–American War, he was dispatched to Guantánamo, Cuba, and later sent to Puerto Rico, alongside General Nelson Miles.[1]

Henry was with General George Crook at the Battle of the Rosebud on June 17, 1876 when Crook was attacked by forces led by Crazy Horse. Henry was very badly wounded in the face. When John Finerty (correspondent for the Chicago Tribune, reporting from the field) commented on Guy's grievous wound, the latter merely told him, "For this we are soldiers," and encouraged Finerty to join the army.[2]

He received successive brevets for gallantry in various battles and was brevetted brigadier general, United States Army, for gallantry at the Battle of Rosebud in Montana Territory, where he was shot through the face while fighting Native Americans. He received the Medal of Honor on December 5, 1893, for his Civil War service at the Battle of Cold Harbor on June 1, 1864, where he was serving as a colonel and commanded a brigade.[1]

During the invasion of Puerto Rico, Henry led a "Provisional Division" from the city of Ponce to Arecibo, Puerto Rico, to rendezvous with General Theodore Schwan, who was arriving from the city of Mayagüez. The tropical rain impeded his trek and before he reached Mayagüez, the conflict was over.[1]

On December 6, 1898, he was designated Governor of Puerto Rico. On February 6, 1899, he dissolved the Cabinet of Puerto Rico, which was instituted with the Autonomic Charter. Henry also eliminated taxes on basic food items. On May 2, 1899 he instituted the eight-hour work day in Puerto Rico.[3] On May 9, 1899, he was replaced by General George W. Davis.[1]

Henry died of pneumonia in New York City in October 1899 and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.[1][4]

General Henry was an Hereditary Member of the Aztec Club of 1847, a First Class Companion of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and the Regular Army and Navy Union.

Personal lifeEdit

Henry's first marriage was to Frances Wharton (1843-1873) of Philadelphia. They had at least two children:

  1. Sarah Wharton Henry (1867–1948), who married Lt. James Watson Benton, an 1885 graduate of West Point and grandson of James Watson Webb.
  2. Thomas Lloyd Henry (1872–1911)

Henry married secondly Julia McNair (1844–1917) and had at least two sons:

  1. Guy V. Henry, Jr. (1875–1967) also served in the military with a distinguished career, and went on to win a bronze medal in the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm.
  2. William Seton Henry II (1879–1946).

AwardsEdit

Note – Except for the Medal of Honor, the above listed awards were not established until after General Henry's death.

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Rank and organization: Colonel, 40th Massachusetts Infantry. Place and date: At Cold Harbor, Va., June 1, 1864. Entered service at: Reading Pa. Birth: Fort Smith, Indian Ter. Date of issue: December 5, 1893.

Citation:

Led the assaults of his brigade upon the enemy's works, where he had 2 horses shot under him.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Gen. Guy V. Henry Is Dead" (PDF). The New York Times. October 28, 1899. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
  2. ^ On the Trail of Crazy Horse (Finerty, 2017, BIG BYTE BOOKS).
  3. ^ Rivero Méndez, Ángel (1922). Crónica de la guerra hispano-americana en Puerto Rico [Chronicle of the Spanish-American War in Puerto Rico]. es.wikisource.org (in Spanish).
  4. ^ "Burial Detail: Henry, Guy V. (Section 2, Grave 990)". ANC Explorer. Arlington National Cemetery. (Official website).

External linksEdit

Preceded by Governor of Puerto Rico
1898–1899
Succeeded by