Gustavo Becerra-Schmidt (August 26, 1925 – January 3, 2010) was a Chilean composer.
|Born||August 26, 1925|
|Died||January 3, 2010 (aged 84)|
Biography and CareerEdit
Becerra-Schmidt was born in Temuco, Chile. He studied at The Chilean National Conservatory, and was taught by Pedro Humberto Allende. Then in Europe from 1953 to 1956, where he brought back the avant-garde music culture from Europe to Chile. 3 years later, Becerra-Schmidt became the director of the Instituto de Extension Musical (IEM) in 1959 to 1962, the IEM was an establishment by Domingo Santa Cruz, it aimed to centralize and manage the Chilean music repertoire and to support Chilean music organizations.: 141 During this time and after, Becerra-Schmidt was a teacher in the Chilean National Conservatory, he held this position until 1971 when he became a Cultural attaché between Chile and Bonn. 2 years later, Becerra-Schmidt moved to Germany due to the 1973 Chilean coup d'état, in Germany, Becerra-Schmidt taught at the University of Oldenburg beginning in 1974.
Becerra was a prolific Chilean composer, his catalogue includes hundreds of compositions that goes from traditional to avant-garde to Aleatoric music, and from popular songs to large-scale cantatas, symphonies and oratorios. However, a large part of his musical career was polticially-involved, some of his cantatas included verses that were related to the Pre-Colombian era and Spanish colonization, Becerra-Schmidt's student Fernando García also wrote works based around political figures.: 151 [note 1]
Highlights among his output are the cantatas La Araucana and Lord Cochrane de Chile, the Macchu Picchu oratorio on texts by Pablo Neruda, the Concerto for Flute and Strings, and a most recent Harp Concerto from 2006. Important in his catalogue are also the electroacoustic works.
- La Araucana
- Lord Cochrane de Chile
- Macchu Picchu
- 3 Symphonies
- 2 Piano Concertos
- Violin concerto
- Flute concerto
- 7 string quartets
- Saxophone quartet
- Parsifae (opera)
- La muerte de Don Rodrigo (opera)
- Llanto por el hermano solo (for choir)
- Responso para José Miguel Carrera (for voice, wind quintet, piano, and percussion)
- Trio for violin, flute and piano
- 3 Sonatas for violin
- Provocacion (Minidrama)
- Oda al mar
- "Becerra–Schmidt, Gustavo (1925–)".
- Balderston, Daniel; Gonzalez, Mike; M. López, Ana (2000). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American and Caribbean Cultures.
- Frühauf, Tina (2020). Postmodernity's Musical Pasts.
- "Biography". Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- Martha Furman Schlefier (2016). Latin American Classical Composers. p. 69.
- However, some of these works were based around political figures as use for dramatic effects or as a dramatic story.: 151
- Official website (in Spanish)