Gustaf Tenggren

Gustaf Adolf Tenggren (November 3, 1896 – April 9, 1970) was a Swedish-American illustrator. He is known for his Arthur Rackham-influenced fairy-tale style and use of silhouetted figures with caricatured faces. Tenggren was a chief illustrator for The Walt Disney Company in the late 1930s, in what has been called the Golden Age of American animation, when animated feature films such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Fantasia, Bambi and Pinocchio were produced.

Gustaf Tenggren
Gustaf Tenggren with children 1950.jpg
Gustaf Tenggren with children 1950
Born
Gustaf Adolf Tenggren

November 3, 1896
DiedApril 9, 1970 (aged 73)
Maine, United States
Burial placeSpruce Lawn Cemetery, Lincoln County, Maine, US
OccupationAnimator
In Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Tenggren's presentation drawing depicts the major characteristics of each of the seven dwarves.

Early careerEdit

Gustaf Tenggren was born in 1896 in Magra parish (now part of Alingsås Municipality), in Västra Götaland County, Sweden. In 1913 he received a scholarship to study painting at Valand, the art school in Gothenburg, Sweden. Tenggren's early schooling and artistic influences were solidly grounded in Scandinavian techniques, motifs and myths; he worked with illustrating in the popular Swedish folklore and fairy tales annual Bland Tomtar och Troll ("Among Gnomes and Trolls"), where he succeeded illustrator John Bauer.

After his first exhibition in 1920, Tenggren immigrated to the U.S. where he joined his sister in Cleveland, Ohio. Moving to New York City in 1922, he made a name for himself in magazine illustration and advertising, while continuing to illustrate children's books. [1]

Disney CompanyEdit

In the 1920s, while continuing to illustrate a large number of children's books, Tenggren worked consistently in advertising up until the Great Depression; in 1936, he was hired by Walt Disney Productions, to work as a chief illustrator with Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Tenggren was not only a concept artist on this movie, but he did much of the illustrations for the non-animated tie-ins to the film, most notably the serialized version of Snow White which was featured in two successive issues of Good Housekeeping Magazine just prior to the film's release. He later worked with productions such as Bambi and Pinocchio, as well as backgrounds and atmospheres of films such as The Ugly Duckling and The Old Mill.

Children's booksEdit

 
The Poky Little Puppy (1942). Tenggren gave up his Rackham-esque fairy tale illustration style after he left Disney in 1940.

Although his work for Disney was still in the Rackham fairy-tale illustration style, after he left the studio he never painted that way again. From 1942 to 1962, Tenggren worked for Little Golden Books with illustrations for children's books such as Saggy Baggy Elephant, Tawny Scrawny Lion, The Shy Little Kitten, Little Black Sambo, and The Poky Little Puppy, which became the single all-time best-selling hardcover children's book in English; and "King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table," Emma Gelders Sterne's retelling of the Arthurian Legend. During these years his production increased, as did the marketability of his name with a stream of Tenggren books.

After he moved to the United States in 1920, he never returned to Sweden again. Gustaf Tenggren died in 1970 at Dogfish Head in Southport, Maine.[2]

LegacyEdit

Although the name Gustaf Tenggren remains relatively unknown, his work is widely recognized, both that in the Disney films and his work in the Little Golden Books. After his death, much of his non-Disney art was donated to the University of Minnesota to be included in the Kerlan Collection, a special library focusing on children's literature.

In memory of Gustaf Tenggren, a 9-meter (30 ft) bronze sculpture of Pinocchio, designed by the American pop artist Jim Dine, has been erected in downtown Borås, a city south of Tenggren's birthplace. At the cost of SEK 9.5 million, the Pinocchio sculpture was supposed to be paid for by private donations. The statue was erected on a tiered pedestal at the beginning of Allégatan, a main street in the center of Borås at the start of the Borås Festival of the Arts on May 16, 2008.

FilmographyEdit

IllustrationsEdit

Background illustrationsEdit

Illustrated worksEdit

1927

  • Small Fry and the Winged Horse, Ruth Campbell

1932

1938

1942

  • Runaway Home, Elizabeth Coatsworth
  • Bedtime Stories, Gustaf Tenggren
  • The Poky Little Puppy, Janette Sebring Lowrey
  • The Tenggren Tell-it-Again Book, Katharine Gibson

1943

  • The Lively Little Rabbit, George Duplaix
  • The Story of England, Beatrice Curtis Brown
  • Stories from the Great Metropolitan Opera, Helen Dike
  • Sing for Christmas, Opal Wheeler

1944

  • Little Match Girl, Hans Christian Andersen
  • Sing For America, Opal Wheeler
  • Tenggren's Story Book, Gustaf Tenggren

1946

1947

  • The Big Brown Bear, George Duplaix
  • The Saggy Baggy Elephant, Kathryn and Byron Jackson

1948

  • Little Black Sambo, Helen Bannerman
  • Cowboys and Indians, Kathryn and Byron Jackson

1950

  • The Little Trapper, Kathryn & Byron Jackson
  • Pirates, Ships and Sailors, Kathryn and Byron Jackson

1951

1952

  • The Tawny Scrawny Lion, Kathryn and Byron Jackson

1953

1954

  • The Golden Goose, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

1955

  • The Giant with the Three Golden Hairs, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
  • Snow White and Rose Red, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm

1957

  • Golden Tales from Arabian Nights, Margaret Seifer and Irving Shapiro

1959

1961

  • The Canterbury Tales, A. Kent Hieatt and Constance Hieatt

ReferencesEdit

  • Conrad, JoAnn. Fantasy Imaginaries and Landscapes of Desire: Gustaf Tenggren’s Forgotten Decades
  • John Canemaker, Before the animation begins : the art and lives of Disney inspirational sketch artists, New York : Hyperion, 1996 ISBN 978-0-7868-6152-1
  • Steve Santi, Illustrators/Authors-Collecting Little Golden Books, Florence, Alabama : Books Americana, 1989 ISBN 978-0-89689-071-8
  • From Swedish fairy tales to American fantasy : Gustaf Tenggren's illustrations 1920-1970, Minneapolis : University Art Museum, University of Minnesota, 1986
  • Pinocchio delar Borås befolkning, by Lars Råde, in the Expressen, March 24, 2006
  • Kultur Väst: Jim Dines Pinoccio har landat
Notes
  1. ^ Conrad
  2. ^ "GUSTAF A. TENGGREN, CHILDREN'S ARTIST". Retrieved 2018-11-05.
  3. ^ "Amazon.com - Stories from a Magic World". Amazon.com. May 2010. Retrieved 2020-02-19.

External linksEdit