The higher spiritual meaning is one who has met the Guru within, in meditation and remains in the will of the Guru or attempts to follow the Guru's teachings wholeheartedly. In daily life, it describes one who is living a wholesome life in support of the spirit, as instructed by the Guru.
The word Gurmukh is a common word and is found frequently throughout Gurbani (compositions of the Sikh Gurus)
- Singh, Balbir (1996). Minstrel Divine and Other Essays. Patiala: Publication Bureau, Punjabi University. p. 137. ISBN 9788173802003.
- Singh, Taran (1992). Guru Nanak, His Mind and Art ( Series in Sikh history and culture, 7). Bahri Publications. p. 81. ISBN 9788170340669.
- Elizabeth, Kamala; Sandhu, Jaswinder (2007). The Socially Involved Renunciate: Guru Nanak's Discourse to the Nath Yogis. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. p. 75. ISBN 9780791472132.
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