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Gunnersbury station

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Gunnersbury is a National Rail and London Underground station in Gunnersbury in London, England on the North London line. The station opened in 1869 and is served by District line trains to and from Richmond, and by Arriva Rail London on the London Overground network.[4] On the District line the station is between Turnham Green and Kew Gardens, and on the North London line it is between South Acton and Kew Gardens.

Gunnersbury London Underground London Overground
Gunnersbury station MMB 03.jpg
Gunnersbury is located in Greater London
Gunnersbury
Gunnersbury
Location of Gunnersbury in Greater London
LocationGunnersbury
Local authorityLondon Borough of Hounslow
Managed byLondon Underground[1]
OwnerNetwork Rail
Station codeGUN
DfT categoryD
Number of platforms2
Fare zone3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2013Decrease 4.55 million[2]
2014Increase 5.41 million[2]
2015Increase 5.41 million[2]
2016Increase 5.78 million[2]
2017Decrease 5.71 million[2]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2013–14Increase 2.386 million[3]
2014–15Increase 2.575 million[3]
2015–16Decrease 2.463 million[3]
2016–17Increase 2.536 million[3]
2017–18Decrease 2.526 million[3]
Key dates
1869Opened (L&SWR)
1869Started (NLR)
1870Started and Ended (GWR)
1877Started (MR and DR)
1894Started (GWR)
1906Ended (MR)
1910Ended (GWR)
1916Ended (L&SWR)
Other information
External links
WGS8451°29′30″N 0°16′30″W / 51.4918°N 0.275°W / 51.4918; -0.275Coordinates: 51°29′30″N 0°16′30″W / 51.4918°N 0.275°W / 51.4918; -0.275
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London transport portal

The station is located off Chiswick High Road (A315) and is in Travelcard Zone 3.

HistoryEdit

The station was opened as Brentford Road on 1 January 1869 by the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) on a new branch line to Richmond built from the West London Joint Railway starting north of Addison Road station (now Kensington (Olympia)). The line ran through Shepherd's Bush and Hammersmith via a now closed curve and Grove Road station in Hammersmith (also now closed). A short connection was also made from the North & South Western Junction Railway (N&SWJR) line to Brentford meeting the L&SWR line immediately north of the station. This line was served by the North London Railway (NLR).

Brentford Road station originally had four platforms; two on the line to Richmond and two serving a loop (the Chiswick Curve) which connected to the line through Kew Bridge station.

Between 1 June 1870 and 31 October 1870 the Great Western Railway (GWR) briefly ran services from Paddington to Richmond via Hammersmith & City Railway (now the Hammersmith & City line) tracks to Grove Road then on the L&SWR tracks through Gunnersbury.

The station was given its current name in 1871.

On 1 June 1877, the District Railway (DR, now the District line) opened a short extension from its terminus at Hammersmith to connect to the L&SWR tracks east of Ravenscourt Park station. The DR then began running trains over the L&SWR tracks to Richmond. On 1 October 1877, the Metropolitan Railway (MR, now the Metropolitan line) restarted the GWR's former service to Richmond via Grove Road station.

The DR's service between Richmond, Hammersmith and central London was more direct than the NLR's route via Willesden Junction, the L&SWR's or the MR's routes via Grove Road station or the L&SWR's other route from Richmond via Clapham Junction. From 1 January 1894, the GWR began sharing the MR's Richmond service and served Gunnersbury once again, meaning that passengers from Gunnersbury could travel on the services of five operators.

Following the electrification of the DR's own tracks north of Acton Town in 1903, the DR funded the electrification of the tracks through Gunnersbury. The tracks on the Richmond branch were electrified on 1 August 1905. Whilst DR services were operated with electric trains, the L&SWR, NLR, GWR and MR services continued to be steam hauled.

MR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1906 and GWR services were withdrawn on 31 December 1910 leaving operations at Gunnersbury to the DR (by then known as the District Railway), the NLR and L&SWR. By 1916, the L&SWR's route through Hammersmith was being out-competed by the District to such a degree that the L&SWR withdrew its service between Richmond and Addison Road on 3 June 1916, leaving the District as the sole operator over that route.

In 1932, the Chiswick Curve was closed and the tracks were later removed. The site of the curve is now a housing estate known as Chiswick Village.

 
District line train for Richmond in 1955

On 8 December 1954 the station was damaged by a tornado which ripped off the roof and injured six people.[5]

In the 1960s the station was redeveloped with just the two platforms it currently possesses. The London Overground and London Underground services share the same tracks.

ServicesEdit

Gunnersbury currently has the following National Rail (London Overground) London Underground (District Line) services, which are operated by Class 378, and S Stock

London Underground

Off-peak:

London Overground

Off-peak (including Sundays):[6]


ArrangementEdit

London Underground is classed as an open access operator between Richmond and Action Lane Junction with LU purchasing individual slots on the North London line from Network Rail.

ConnectionsEdit

London Buses routes 237, 267, 391, 440 and H91 and night route N9 serve the station.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLSX). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. January 2018. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ "London Overground Signs Standard – Issue 3" (PDF). Transport for London. 3 August 2009. p. 18. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 May 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  4. ^ History of UK Weather - 1954 Archived 4 May 2006 at the Wayback MachinePhoto of wreckage of Gunnersbury Station
  5. ^ Table 59 National Rail timetable, May 2016

External linksEdit