Gunggari people

The Gunggari, or Kunggari, are an indigenous Australian people of southern Queensland.[1] They are to be distinguished from the Kuungkari.


The traditional tribal lands of the Kunggari stretched over some 8,200 square miles (21,000 km2), taking in the Upper Nebine and Mungallala creeks from Bonna Vonna and Ballon[a] north to Morven and Mungallala.[2]


They speak the Gunggari language, a member of the Maric language family. Their language is closely related to, and sometimes considered a dialect of neighbouring Bidjara and Manandanji languages.[3]

History of contactEdit

As white pastoralists began to seize and develop properties, the neighbouring Mandandanji began to be absorbed into the "Kunnggari" ( – wrong, as per distinguished above?) as the latter moved eastwards.

Social OrganisationEdit

According to information supplied by James Lalor to A. W. Howitt. The Kunggari class names were as follows:

  • Urgilla. Totem = Ngorgu (Kangaroo)
  • Anbeir. Totem = Bondun (Bandicoot)
  • Wango. Totems =(a)Tonga (opossum) (b)Bulbora (flying fox)
  • Ubur. Totems = (a) Tambool (Brown snake) (b)Abboia (lizard)[4]

Native titleEdit

The Gunggari people received a positive determination of native title in 2012. This is now administered by the Gunggari Native Title Aboriginal Corporation (GNTAC). More information on native title and Gunggari land and culture is available at [5][6]

Alternative namesEdit

  • Unggari
  • Kungeri
  • Kungri
  • Ungorri
  • Gungari, Gunggari, Goongarree
  • Coongurri
  • Unggri, Unghi
  • Congaro
  • Kogurre
  • Kogai (language name)
  • Ngaragari. (Koamu word for the tongue spoken between Bollon and Nebine Creek)


  1. ^ Using Tindale's spelling, in case his "Ballon" is a different place from "Bollon".[2]


  1. ^ NTTC n.d.
  2. ^ a b Tindale 1974, p. 178.
  3. ^ SLQ n.d.
  4. ^ Howitt 1904, pp. 110–111.
  5. ^ NNTT 2012.
  6. ^ Caruana 2012.


  • Barlow, Harriott (1873). "Vocabulary of Aboriginal Dialects of Queensland". The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 2: 165–175. JSTOR 2841159.
  • Cameron, A. L. P. (1904). "On two Queensland tribes". Science of Man. Sydney. 7 (2): 27–29.
  • Caruana, Patrick (22 June 2012). "Gunggari win south Qld native title claim". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  • "Gambara Gamu Biyu: Gunggari Language" (PDF). State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  • "Gunggari Native Title Aboriginal Corporation RNTBC". National Native Title Council. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  • Howitt, Alfred William (1904). The native tribes of south-east Australia (PDF). Macmillan.
  • "Native title recognition for the Gunggari People of Queensland". National Native Title Tribunal. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  • Ridley, William (1861). "Journal of a Missionary tour among the Aborigines of the Western Interior of Queensland, in the year 1855, by the rev. William Ridley, B.A." (PDF). In Lang, J. D. (ed.). Queensland, Australia; a highly eligible field for emigration, and the future cotton-field of Great Britain: with a disquisition on the origin, manners, and customs of the aborigines. London: E. Stanford. pp. 435–445.
  • Ridley, William (1873). "Report on Australian Languages and Traditions". The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 2: 257–275. JSTOR 2841174.
  • Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Kunggari (QLD)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.