Variations by countryEdit
The United States has the highest number of privately owned guns per capita of any country of the world, with an estimated 88.8 guns per 100 people as of 2007, according to the Small Arms Survey. 50% of those guns are owned by 3% of the population. Serbia has the second highest number of privately owned guns per capita, with 75.6 guns per 100 people. Yemen is in third, with 54.8 per 100 people.
Variations within the United StatesEdit
In the United States, estimates of the number of privately owned guns vary from 270,000,000 to 310,000,000 as of 2013. A 2002 survey estimated that 32% of all U.S. households own at least one gun. The gun ownership rate was highest in Wyoming, at 62.8%. More recently, a 2015 study found that about one-third of Americans owned a gun, and that this figure was highest in Alaska (61.7%) and lowest in Delaware (5.2%).
A 2016 survey found that nearly half of privately owned guns in the United States are owned by 3% of the population. The same survey reported an estimate of 265,000,000 privately owned guns in the United States, which is slightly more than the number of adults living in the US (242,000,000). Since 1976, the percent of Democrats who own a gun has declined from 45% to 27% in 2000. In contrast, the percent of Republicans who own a gun has remained almost constant from 1976-2012.
A 2017 survey found that gun ownership in the U.S. is most common among white people. Black people and Hispanic people are second and third most likely to own a gun, respectively. People who live in rural areas are more than twice as likely as people who live in urban areas to own a gun.
Gun ownership (also sometimes called "gun availability" or "gun prevalence") has been measured via numerous proxies, including the % of suicides committed with firearms, the % of homicides committed with firearms, the "Cook index" (the average of the % of homicides committed with firearms and the % of suicides committed with firearms), and the number of officially issued firearm licenses. The % of suicides committed with firearms (often abbreviated "FS/S" for "firearm suicides/overall suicides") correlates most strongly with survey estimates of gun ownership. Accordingly, it is considered the best proxy for examining the relationship between gun ownership and crime across multiple U.S. states or large counties.
Association with rates of violenceEdit
Some studies suggest that higher rates of gun ownership are associated with higher homicide rates, although Gary Kleck argues that the highest-quality studies show that gun ownership does not increase homicide rates. Higher rates of gun ownership are also associated with higher suicide rates and higher accidental gun death rates. The availability of illegal guns, but not that of legal guns, is associated with higher rates of violent crime. Studies have shown that 36.3% of people had access to a gun and 5% carried the gun with them. However 7.3% stored their guns in an unsafe place. Certain people have blamed individuals with mental disorders for being dangerous and violent with the use of guns. Nonetheless, other studies have been conducted and show that 34.1% have access to guns. 4.8% carry a gun with them and 6.2% store the gun in an unsafe manner. The statistics show that gun ownership is significantly high in both sets of individuals, however, none of the figures show people with a mental illness are as dangerous with guns than people with perfect mental health.
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