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Gummis or jelly candies are a broad category of gelatine-based (the boiled skin of a cow or boiled hooves), chewable sweets. Gummi bears are widely popular and are a well-known part of the sweets industry. Gummies are available in a wide variety of shapes including bears, bottles, worms, frogs, hamburgers, sharks, toy soldiers, full-size rats, large human body parts (such as hearts and feet), Ampelmännchen (the little figures on pedestrian traffic lights in the former GDR, Eastern Germany) and even the Smurfs. Various brands such as Haribo, Betty Crocker, Disney and Kellogg's manufacture various forms of Gummi snacks, often targeted at young children. The candy and the name "gummi" originated in Germany.[1]

Gummy candy
Fale - Barcellona - 194.jpg
Collection of gummy candies at a market
Alternative names Gummies, jelly sweets
Type Confectionery
Place of origin Germany
Created by Hans Riegel Sr.
Main ingredients Gelatin
Variations Gummi bear, gummi worms
Cookbook: Gummy candy  Media: Gummy candy

Contents

HistoryEdit

  • Gummies have a long history as a popular confectionery. The first gelatin based candy was the gummi bear, introduced by Haribo in 1920.[2]
  • Haribo produces over 80 million bears a day.
  • Disney capitalized on making a children's show with gummy based characters in 1985 called Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears.
  • Gummy bears are now consumed worldwide as a sweet or sour treat.

Types of gummiesEdit

BearsEdit

 
Haribo gummy bears were the first gummi candy ever made.

The gummi bear originated in Germany, where it is popular under the name Gummibär (rubber bear) or Gummibärchen (little rubber bear). Hans Riegel Sr., a candy maker from Bonn, produced these sweets under the Haribo company, which he started in 1920.

BottlesEdit

 
A cola bottle gummi candy, alongside a gummi hot dog, pizza, hamburger, and box of fries.

Cola bottles are sweets in the shape of classic Coca-Cola-style bottles with a cola flavor. They are produced by numerous companies. "Fizzy Blue Bottles", made by Lutti (formerly part of the French division of the Leaf Candy Company, now controlled by a private investment group), are sweets typically found in a pick and mix selection. These are very similar to cola bottle gummies in shape, but they are usually sour and coloured blue and pink. "Blue Bottles", a variation from another company, are identifiable by the small rims around the sides, and are chewier and thicker, with a sweeter taste.

RingsEdit

Ring-shaped gummi candy is often covered in sugar or sour powder. The most common and popular flavor is the peach ring. Other flavors include green apple, melon, blue raspberry, strawberry, and aniseed - although these are typically coated in chocolate. A commonly known producer of gummi rings is Trolli, for which the gummi rings are an important asset.[3]

Red frogsEdit

In Australia, jelly confectionery in the shape of frogs has been very popular since the 1930s[citation needed]. They are colored red or green, although they are usually referred to as "red frogs". These have influenced the shape, structure, consistency and formula that makes gummy bears.

Road kill gummiesEdit

In February 2005, following complaints by the New Jersey Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Kraft decided to stop production of the controversial Trolli U.S. Road Kill Gummies. The society complained that the products, shaped as partly flattened squirrels, chickens and snakes, would give children an incorrect message on the proper treatment of animals.[4]

Teeth gummiesEdit

In Australia, jelly confectionery in the shape of teeth has been very popular since the 1930s.[citation needed] They are colored pink and white, with pink representing the gums and teeth being white. They have a slight minty flavor, similar to mint toothpaste.

Worm gummiesEdit

There are many types of Gummy Worms, and Trolli produces glow worm gummies[citation needed], with glowing color and sour sugar.

Shark gummiesEdit

There are also many types of gummy sharks but the blue and white ones are the most popular.[citation needed]

Vitamin gummiesEdit

There are also several multi-vitamin gummi bears, usually marketed for children, such as Flintstones Chewable Vitamins.[5] These form of vitamins give off nutrients and protein for those that do not swallow pills or need various supplements to stay healthy.

Health considerationsEdit

Gummies landed on the "What's out in 2009" list for some Canadian schools, along with chocolate, fudge, chocolate coated nuts and fruit, bubble gum, lollipops, toffee, jelly beans, marshmallows, sherbet, and Turkish delight.[6] An audit in Victoria, British Columbia, was planned for 2009 to ensure the government banned the selling of the confectionery treat in school stores and vending machines as directed.[6]

Scientists have studied adding the tooth-protecting sugar substitute xylitol to gummies to fight tooth decay.[7]

Choking risks are higher with gummi candies; research shows that "hard, round foods with high elasticity or lubricity properties, or both, pose a significant level of risk," especially to children under three years of age.[8] This can be resolved with the Heimlich maneuver.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Magazine, Bon Appetit. "A Brief History of Gummy Bears - Bon Appétit". Bon Appétit. Retrieved 2016-10-13. 
  2. ^ "Gummy Candy Info | HARIBO". www.haribo.com. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  3. ^ "Trolli - trolliapfelringe225g". Trolli.de. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  4. ^ "Trolli Road Kill dies under pressure from animal activists". Candy Business. 1 March 2005. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  5. ^ "Flintstones Vitamins | Multivitamins & Supplements for Kids". www.flintstonesvitamins.com. Retrieved 2016-09-27. 
  6. ^ a b "Schools join in healthy eating". The Stawell Times News. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  7. ^ "Gummy Bears Can Fight Cavities". OneIndia.in. ANI. 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2010. 
  8. ^ http://www.ijporlonline.com/article/S0165-5876%2808%2900129-8/abstract

External linksEdit